2020 Slovak parliamentary election

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Slovak parliamentary election 2020

← 2016 29 February 2020

All 150 seats in the National Council
76 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Peter Pellegrini - 2015.jpg Richard Sulík -2011-.jpg Igor Matovič.jpg
Leader Peter Pellegrini Richard Sulík Igor Matovič
Party Smer–SD SaS OĽaNO–NOVA
Leader since 2018 2009 2011
Last election 49 seats, 28.3% 21 seats, 12.1% 19 seats, 11.0%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Andrej Danko.jpg Marian Kotleba.jpg
Leader Andrej Danko Marian Kotleba Boris Kollár
Party SNS ĽSNS We Are Family
Leader since 2012 2010 2015
Last election 15 seats, 8.6% 14 seats, 8.0% 11 seats, 6.6%

  Seventh party Eighth party
  Béla Bugár.jpg
Leader Béla Bugár Ivan Zuzula
Party Most-Híd SKS
Leader since 2009 2016
Last election 11 seats, 6.5% 10 seats, 5.6%

Prime Minister before election

Peter Pellegrini

Prime Minister-designate


Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The next Slovak parliamentary election will be held on 29 February 2020. All 150 members of the National Council will be elected and the leader of the resultant government will become the Prime Minister.


Direction - Social Democracy has won 2016 election and formed a coalition government with nationalist Slovak National Party, inter-ethnic Most-Híd and centrist Network. Incumbent prime minister Robert Fico remained in office.[1]

The 2019 European Parliament election in Slovakia.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

The 150 members of the National Council will be elected by proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency with an electoral threshold of 5% for single parties, 7% for coalitions grouping at least two parties. The elections uses the open list system, with seats allocated using the Hagenbach-Bischoff system. Voters will be able to cast up to four preferential votes for candidates on the list of the party they voted for.[3]

All participating parties must register 90 days before election day and pay a deposit of €17,000, which will be refunded to all parties gaining 2% or more of the vote. All Slovak citizens are allowed to vote except for convicted felons in prison (only those who were convicted for serious offences), people declared ineligible to perform legal acts by court and citizens under 18 years of age. All citizens, who are 21 years of age or older and are permanent residents of Slovakia, are allowed to run as candidates except for prisoners, convicted felons and those declared ineligible to perform legal acts by court.[4]

Voters not present in their electoral district at the time of the elections are allowed to request a voting certificate (voličský preukaz), which allows them to vote in any district regardless of their residency.[5] Voters abroad on election day are allowed to request a postal vote.[6] According to the Central Election Committee approx. 20,000 Slovak citizens abroad have requested a postal vote during the last election. The deadline for requests will pass on 10 January 2020.

Leadership changes[edit]

Christian Democratic Movement (KDH) and Party of the Hungarian Community (SMK-MKP) were two parties, which couldn't pass 5 percent threshold to the parliament but further gained more than 4% (KDH got 4,9 percent, while SMK-MKP got 4,1 percent). KDH lost all of its 16 seats while SMK-MKP haven't gained any. Leader of the KDH, Ján Figeľ, announced his resignation few days after 2016 election. He was then replaced by Alojz Hlina on 11 June 2016.[7] Leadership of SMK-MKP, which was led by József Berényi was replaced by József Menyhárt on 11 June 2016.[8]

On 12 August 2016, incumbent leader of coalition party Network (SIEŤ), Radoslav Procházka, announced that he had no further intention to lead his party after a disastrous result in the election. A day later on 13 August at the party convention, it was decided that the new leader of the party would be Roman Brecely, his fellow party member and incumbent minister of transportation. He was the only candidate to stand up for the post although he didn't intend to run for the office.[9]

On 15 March 2018, Robert Fico announced his resignation as Prime Minister of Slovakia which the President Andrej Kiska accepted. Peter Pellegrini, currently Deputy Prime Minister for Investment & Informatization, has become the new Prime Minister of the Slovak Republic. Fico has remained the leader of Direction – Social Democracy, and kept his parliamentary mandate. Pellegrini's cabinet was appointed on 22 March 2018.

Opinion polls[edit]

Graphical Summary[edit]

30 day average trend line (15 day average from 2016-03-05, 30 days before 2023 election) of Estonian polls towards the election in 2020, each line corresponds to a political party.


  1. ^ "New Slovak Government and Posts". Nový Čas. 17 March 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  2. ^ "Voľby do Európskeho parlamentu". www.europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  3. ^ "Slovakia Národná rada (National Council) Electoral System". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Prieskum: Voľby by vyhral Smer, OĽaNO-NOVA mimo parlamentu". Pravda (in Slovak). 9 October 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  5. ^ "Hlasovací preukaz, Ministerstvo vnútra SR - Verejná správa" (in Slovak). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Voľba poštou, Ministerstvo vnútra SR - Verejná správa" (in Slovak). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  7. ^ "Alojz Hlina is the new leader of KDH". Aktuality. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  8. ^ "József Menyhárt is the new leader of SMK-MKP". TVNoviny. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Roman Brecely is the new leader of Network (SIEŤ) coalition party, he was only candidate". TA3. 13 August 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016.