North Carolina's 4th congressional district

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North Carolina's 4th congressional district
North Carolina US Congressional District 4 (since 2017).tif
North Carolina's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2017.
Current Representative David Price (DChapel Hill)
Population (2016) 847,032[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVI D+17[3]

The Fourth Congressional district of North Carolina is located in the central region of the state. The district includes two-thirds of the state capital, Raleigh, all of Chapel Hill, Carrboro, and Hillsborough, and portions of Durham.

The district is currently represented by 11-term Congressman David Price, a former political science professor at Duke who was first elected in 1986, ousting one-term Republican incumbent Bill Cobey.[4] Price was reelected in 1988, 1990, and 1992, but he was defeated in his bid for a fifth term in 1994 by Republican Fred Heineman, the Raleigh Police Chief, in a generally bad year for Democrats in North Carolina. Price came back to defeat Heineman in a rematch in 1996, and has been reelected each time since then by large margins, usually with more than 60% of the vote. In 2008, Price received 63% (265,751 votes) to defeat Republican challenger B.J. Lawson, who received 37% (153,947 votes).[5]

Before court mandated redistricting in 2016, according to research by Christopher Ingraham of the Washington Post, the district was the third most gerrymandered Congressional district in North Carolina and seventh most gerrymandered district in the United States.[6] In contrast, its predecessor was the most regularly drawn of the state's 13 districts.

History[edit]

From 2003 to 2013 it contained most of the area commonly known as The Triangle. It included all of Durham and Orange counties, part of Wake County and a small section of Chatham County. The 4th district picked up the most Republican areas of Wake County, such as Apex, Cary, and much of North Raleigh in order to help make the neighboring 13th and 2nd districts more Democratic. For instance, Barack Obama defeated John McCain in the Wake County portion of the district in 2008 by 51–48%, a difference of less than 8,000 votes in between the two candidates.[7] In contrast, Obama won Wake County overall by a much greater margin of 56–43%, and Obama swept the 4th district as a whole by 63–36%. The Republican influence in the district's Wake County portion was more than canceled out by the two Democratic strongholds of Orange and Durham counties, where Obama received 72% and 76%, respectively, his two best counties in the entire state. The 4th district had a Cook PVI of D+8, which made it the most Democratic white-majority district in the entire South outside of South Florida and Northern Virginia.

The district became even more heavily Democratic as a result of 2012 redistricting, in which the more Republican areas of western and southern Wake County were removed, along with northern Orange County and most of its share of Durham County. They were replaced by heavily Democratic portions of Alamance, Cumberland, Harnett and Lee counties. Additionally, the district was pushed further into Raleigh. Like its predecessor, the district is one of the few Southern districts with a significant concentration of progressive-minded white voters—similar to areas around Atlanta, Houston, Charlotte, Nashville, Memphis and Austin. The presence of the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill and Duke University, as well as a large African-American population in Durham and Raleigh help contribute to the liberal nature of the 4th district.

Before court mandated redistricting in 2016, the district was just barely contiguous; the northern and southern portions were connected by a barely-discernible strip of land along the Lee/Harnett line.

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2012 President Obama 71–28%
2008 President Obama 72–27%
2004 President Kerry 61–38%

2002[edit]

US House election, 2002: North Carolina District 4[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price 132,185 61.18
Republican Tuan A. Nguyen 78,095 36.15
Libertarian Ken Nelson 5,766 2.67
Total votes 216,046 100

2004[edit]

US House election, 2004: North Carolina District 4[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price 217,441 64.1
Republican Todd A. Batchelor 121,717 35.88
N/A Maximilian Longley 76 0.02
Total votes 339,234 100

2006[edit]

US House election, 2006: North Carolina District 4[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price 127,340 64.99
Republican Steve Acuff 68,599 35.01
Total votes 195,939 100

2008[edit]

US House election, 2008: North Carolina District 4[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price 265,751 63.32
Republican William (B.J.) Lawson 153,947 36.68
Total votes 419,698 100

2010[edit]

US House election, 2010: North Carolina District 4[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price 155,384 57.16
Republican William (B.J.) Lawson 116,448 42.84
Total votes 271,832 100

2012[edit]

US House election, 2012: North Carolina District 4[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price 259,534 74.47
Republican Tim D'Annunzio 88,951 25.53
Total votes 348,485 100

2014[edit]

US House election, 2014: North Carolina District 4[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price 169,946 74.75
Republican Paul Wright 57,416 25.25
Total votes 227,362 100

2016[edit]

US House election, 2016: North Carolina District 4[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price 279,380 68.22
Republican Sue Googe 130,161 31.78
Total votes 409,541 100

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Note
No image.svg John Steele Pro-Administration April 19, 1790 – March 3, 1791 Redistricted to the 1st district
Hugh Williamson-1-.jpg Hugh Williamson Anti-Administration March 4, 1791 – March 3, 1793 Redistricted from the 2nd district
No image.svg Alexander Mebane Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 – March 3, 1795
No image.svg Absalom Tatom Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 – June 1, 1796 Resigned
No image.svg William F. Strudwick Federalist November 28, 1796 – March 3, 1797
No image.svg Richard Stanford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1797 – March 3, 1803 Redistricted to the 8th district
No image.svg William Blackledge Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 – March 3, 1809
JohnStanly.jpg John Stanly Federalist March 4, 1809 – March 3, 1811
No image.svg William Blackledge Democratic-Republican March 4, 1811 – March 3, 1813
WilliamGaston.jpg William Gaston Federalist March 4, 1813 – March 3, 1817
No image.svg Jesse Slocumb Federalist March 4, 1817 – December 20, 1820 Died
No image.svg William S. Blackledge Democratic-Republican February 7, 1821 – March 3, 1823
RDSpaightJr-NC.jpg Richard D. Spaight, Jr. Crawford D-R March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1825
No image.svg John Heritage Bryan Jacksonian March 4, 1825 – March 3, 1827
Adams March 4, 1827 – March 3, 1829
JSpeight2.jpg Jesse Speight Jacksonian March 4, 1829– March 3, 1837
No image.svg Charles B. Shepard Whig March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1839
Democratic March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1841
No image.svg William H. Washington Whig March 4, 1841 – March 3, 1843
No image.svg Edmund Deberry Whig March 4, 1843 – March 3, 1845 Redistricted from the 7th district
No image.svg Alfred Dockery Whig March 4, 1845 – March 3, 1847
No image.svg Augustine H. Shepperd Whig March 4, 1847 – March 3, 1851
No image.svg James T. Morehead Whig March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1853
No image.svg Sion H. Rogers Whig March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855
Lawrence branch.gif Lawrence O'Bryan Branch Democratic March 4, 1855 – March 3, 1861
Civil War and Reconstruction
John T. Deweese - Brady-Handy.jpg John T. Deweese Republican July 6, 1868 – February 28, 1870 Resigned
No image.svg John Manning, Jr. Democratic December 7, 1870 – March 3, 1871
No image.svg Sion H. Rogers Democratic March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873
William Alexander Smith - Brady-Handy.jpg William A. Smith Republican March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875
Joseph Jonathan Davis.jpg Joseph J. Davis Democratic March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1881
WRCox.jpg William R. Cox Democratic March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1887
No image.svg John Nichols Independent March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1889
BenjaminHBunn.jpg Benjamin H. Bunn Democratic March 4, 1889 – March 3, 1895
No image.svg William F. Strowd Populist March 4, 1895 – March 3, 1899
No image.svg John W. Atwater Independent Populist March 4, 1899 – March 3, 1901
Edward Pou.jpg Edward W. Pou Democratic March 4, 1901 – April 1, 1934 Died
Harold D. Cooley.jpg Harold D. Cooley Democratic July 7, 1934 – December 30, 1966 Resigned
Jim Gardner.png James C. Gardner Republican January 3, 1967 – January 3, 1969
Nick Galifianakis.jpg Nick Galifianakis Democratic January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1973 Redistricted from the 5th district
Ike Andrews.jpg Ike F. Andrews Democratic January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1985
Bill Cobey.png Bill Cobey Republican January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1987
David Price official photo.jpg David Price Democratic January 3, 1987 – January 3, 1995
FreddyHeineman.jpg Fred Heineman Republican January 3, 1995 – January 3, 1997
David Price official photo.jpg David Price Democratic January 3, 1997 – Present

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003–2013
2013–2017

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=37&cd=04
  2. ^ United States Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". Retrieved 8 September 2016. 
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017. 
  4. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/CandidateDetail.html?CandidateID=1398
  5. ^ "Local and National Election Results - Election Center 2008 - Elections & Politics from CNN.com". CNN. 
  6. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2014/05/15/americas-most-gerrymandered-congressional-districts/
  7. ^ http://spreadsheets.google.com/ccc?key=p7Hn_T5RBt3R5n9TlVGs0EQ
  8. ^ "11/05/2002 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 15, 2002. Retrieved December 25, 2017. 
  9. ^ "11/02/2004 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 12, 2004. Retrieved December 25, 2017. 
  10. ^ "11/07/2006 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 17, 2006. Retrieved December 25, 2017. 
  11. ^ "11/04/2008 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 14, 2008. Retrieved December 25, 2017. 
  12. ^ "11/02/2010 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 12, 2010. Retrieved December 25, 2017. 
  13. ^ "11/06/2012 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 16, 2012. Retrieved December 25, 2017. 
  14. ^ "11/04/2014 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 25, 2014. Retrieved December 25, 2017. 
  15. ^ "11/08/2016 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. December 13, 2016. Retrieved December 25, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°37′28″N 78°59′43″W / 35.62444°N 78.99528°W / 35.62444; -78.99528