North Carolina State Defense Militia
|North Carolina State Defense Militia|
1941 - 1947|
1988 - 1996
|Type||State defense force|
|Role||Military reserve force|
|Civilian leadership||Governor of North Carolina|
The North Carolina State Guard was officially established as a state defense force on 27 February 1941 when the North Carolina National Guard was mobilized into federal service during World War Two. The State Guard actually began organizing in early February with the appointment of officers, and the mustered strength reached a high of 2,128 by 1944. With the return of the National Guard, units began being inactivated in 1946, and the State Guard was completely disbanded by July 1947.
The NC State Defense Militia operated under Chapter 127A of the North Carolina General Statutes, and as such, is a distinct unit from the NC National Guard. Under United States Code 32 sub-section 109, "may not be called, ordered, or drafted into the armed forces".
The NCSDM participated in operations for Hurricane Hugo in 1989 and members filled in for National Guard troops while they were deployed for the Persian Gulf War in 1990–91. Other actions were during coastal storms and an outbreak of tornadoes in King, North Carolina.
Joint Resolution 987 of the North Carolina General Assembly ratified 27 June 1995 honored the efforts and assistance of the members of the NCSDM and expressed appreciation for the service that the members rendered to their respective communities, counties, and to the State of North Carolina.
Activities of the NCSDM were temporarily suspended in April 1996 by the North Carolina Adjutant General. This suspension was due to a workers compensation claim, and a review of the workers compensation laws regarding the North Carolina State Defense Militia.  This temporary suspension is still in effect. A non-governmental organization trying to defray the suspension is the North Carolina State Defense Force which also has its own website.
- North Carolina Naval Militia
- North Carolina Wing Civil Air Patrol
- United States Coast Guard Auxiliary
- PR Newswire (22 February 1988). "Governor Martin creates State Defense Militia to support North Carolina National Guard". PR Newswire. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- "NC General Statutes Chapter 127A". North Carolina General Assembly. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
- "US Code Title 32 Sub-section 109". Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the U.S. House of Representatives.
- "H987 [Res 1995-11]". State of North Carolina. 27 June 1995. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- Letter to BG Theodore B. Gesulga (Commander, North Carolina State Defense Militia, from MG Gerald A. Rudisill Jr. (Adjutant General, North Carolina Army Reserve and National Guard), dated April 5, 1996
- "North Carolina State Defense Force". North Carolina State Defense Force. Retrieved 18 November 2017.