North Queensland Labor Party
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The party was formed when the Australian Labor Party in Queensland expelled its branch in Hermit Park, Townsville and the latter's founder, Tom Aikens, for Soviet sympathies. The branch often held events that aimed to support the Russian war effort during World War One. The expelled branch established itself as a separate party. The NQLP held a majority within the Townsville council from 1943 to 1949, having formed a coalition with local Communist councillors such as Fred Paterson until 1946.
Aikens was elected for the Electoral district of Mundingburra in the 1944 Queensland state election and would serve in the state parliament for the next 33 years; in 1960 a redistribution turned his seat into the Electoral district of Townsville South. Although initially contesting a few other seats in northern Queensland the party only ever elected Aikens. He was defeated in the 1977 Queensland state election and the party subsequently folded.
- Jaensch, Dean; David Scott Mathieson (1998). A Plague on Both Your Houses: Minor parties in Australia. Allen & Unwin. pp. 24, 73, 183 and 246. ISBN 1-86448-421-7.
- "Former Members Bio". Queensland Parliament. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
- Fitzgerald, Ross (1997). The people's champion, Fred Paterson : Australia's only Communist Party member of parliament. University of Queensland Press. ISBN 0702229598.