Northville, Michigan

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Northville, Michigan
City of Northville
East Main Street
East Main Street
Motto(s): 
Historically Distinctive
Location within Oakland County (top) and Wayne County (bottom)
Location within Oakland County (top) and Wayne County (bottom)
Northville is located in Michigan
Northville
Northville
Location within the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°26′00″N 83°29′00″W / 42.43333°N 83.48333°W / 42.43333; -83.48333Coordinates: 42°26′00″N 83°29′00″W / 42.43333°N 83.48333°W / 42.43333; -83.48333
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountiesOakland and Wayne
Settled1825
Incorporated1867 (village)
1955 (city)
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • MayorBrian Turnbull
 • City managerPatrick Sullivan
Area
 • City2.06 sq mi (5.32 km2)
 • Land2.04 sq mi (5.28 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Elevation
830 ft (253 m)
Population
 • City5,970
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
5,970
 • Density2,936.73/sq mi (1,133.81/km2)
 • Metro
4,296,250 (Metro Detroit)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
48167
Area code(s)248
FIPS code26-58980[5]
GNIS feature ID0633707[6]
WebsiteOfficial website

Northville is a city located in and divided by Oakland and Wayne counties in the U.S. state of Michigan. The area is a suburb of Metropolitan Detroit. The population was 5,970 at the 2010 census.[7] Most of the city is in Oakland County and is surrounded by the city of Novi, while the other part is in Wayne County and is surrounded by Northville Township. Northville is served by Northville Public Schools. The city is located 17 miles (27 km) northeast of Ann Arbor and 10.5 miles (16.9 km) northwest of Detroit.

History[edit]

Settlement[edit]

View of NE side of Main St, frame building built in 1830 by John Miller

Northville was first settled by European Americans in 1825, and was incorporated as a Village in 1867. It was not incorporated as a City until 1955. Originally one of two communities within Plymouth Township, Northville Township split off in 1898 to form its own township.

The first land patent in the Northville area was granted to Gideon Benton in 1823; the current Cass Benton Park is located here. The first settlers did not arrive, however, until 1825. Many of these first settlers were originally from central and western New York State, with ancestors in New England. Others came from the nearby, already settled Plymouth community to Northville.

Among these early settlers were Alanson Aldrich, followed by Alvale Smith, who sold his property to John Miller. Miller built the first mill in Plymouth Township, sometime between 1825 and 1828. Mill Race Historical Village is now preserved at this site. Many employees of the mill began to build their houses near it. Northville was named for its relation north of Plymouth.

In 1827, Northville was home to a post office, and Gideon Benton was the US postmaster. Also in 1827, J.F. Davis, became the first resident doctor in Northville. A tailor, tavern, shoe shop, and two blacksmiths also started business in the village. Many of Northville's first settlers' surnames became namesakes for contemporary street names today. These include Rufus Thayer Jr. (Thayer Blvd.), Joseph Yerkes (Yerkes St.), Daniel and Samuel Cady (Cady St.), William Dunlap (Dunlap St.), and other settlers. The first church was constructed in 1836 by a Methodists congregation.[8]

Victorian era[edit]

Northville continued to grow throughout the Victorian era. This is evident in the architecture around downtown where many homes are in the Queen Anne style. Northville's Victorian heritage is celebrated every September in the Victorian Festival, which was recently rechristened the "Heritage Festival".[9]

The first schoolhouse in Northville opened in 1853 and was taught by Jacob Ramsdell. Northville was incorporated as a village in 1867 from a portion of Plymouth Township.[8] By the end of the nineteenth century, it had established a public school system headed by a superintendent.

Village era[edit]

Henry Ford purchased a factory in Northville and moved machinery from plants in the area to the factory in 1919. Known as the Northville Valve Plant, the plant was rebuilt in 1936, and enlarged in 1956. The plant provided valves for every Ford, Mercury, and Lincoln vehicle, except for the Lincoln Continental, until closing and being sold in 1981. The building now houses offices and a health club. In 1925, the Penniman-Allen Theater opened downtown and remained open through the mid-70's. The theater eventually closed, but opened again in 1978 as the Marquis Theater and is now home to live children's theater.[10] When Northville was more rural, skiing was popular and tournaments were held often. In 1944, Northville Downs opened as the first nighttime harness racing track in Michigan. The Downs were built on the site of the former Wayne County Fair, where Joe Louis trained in 1939 for his World Championship later that year. Northville Downs has been in continuous operation since 1944, and is located at the corner of Center Street and 7 Mile Road.[8]

City era[edit]

Downtown Northville

The city was incorporated in 1955 along the boundaries of the Village of Northville. The Village of Northville included portions of Novi Township in Oakland County and Northville Township in Wayne County. Over the next several years, the city boundaries expanded through annexation of portions of Novi Township and the Village of Novi both east and west of the city and north of Baseline Road. The city's northern boundary was fixed by the incorporation of the Village of Novi into the City of Novi in 1969. The city has also annexed small portions of Northville Township, the most recent of which was an expansion of the Rural Hill Cemetery. Northville Township's status as a Charter Township generally precludes the City from annexing any significant portion of the Township. The most recent annexation was permitted by the Township in order for the city to expand the city-owned and operated cemetery.

Libraries[edit]

In 1889, the Ladies Library Association was organized by Mary Lapham, and had 1,200 books and 150 members by 1892. The library was located in the former Young Men's Hall until 1964, when it moved temporarily to the new City Hall .[8] In 1975, the library moved again temporarily to the Northville Square Mall; in 1980 it returned to City Hall. In 1996, it moved into the newly built Northville District Library.[8]

Mill Race Village[edit]

In 1972, the historic Mill Race Village was opened on the site of John Miller's gristmill, made possible by a donation from Ford Motor Company. Historic buildings were colocated here to represent a typical gathering of early buildings and uses. Located on Griswold Avenue, the complex includes the following:

  • The New School Church, formerly used as the Northville District Library, which is still operating as a church[8]
  • Wash Oak School, built in 1873 and moved to the village in 1975[8]
  • Hunter House, a Greek Revival architecture house built in 1849[8]
  • Yerkes House, a Victorian architecture house built in 1868 for the wealthy William Yerkes[8]
  • A Victorian-style gazebo built in 1979 by Northville High School students[8]
  • Cottage House, built in 1890s and now used as the base of a weavers' guild[8]
  • Hirsch Blacksmith Shop, a replica built in 1985. The building is occupied by the village's store[8]
  • Cady Inn, built in 1832 and documented as a stop on the Underground Railroad for refugee slaves escaping to freedom in Canada. It was moved to the village in 1987.[8]
  • Interurban Station, built in 1898 and moved to the village in 1990.[8]
  • A replica general store

Events[edit]

Summer Friday Night Concerts in Town Square
  • Art in the Sun - June - Art fair put on by the Northville Art House[11]
  • Farmers Market - May to October - Farmers Market held each Thursday at corner of 7 Mile and Sheldon Roads[12]
  • Northville Grub Crawl - July - Ticketholders are shuttled to various area restaurants for samplings of their offerings[13]
  • Victorian Festival (renamed '"Heritage Festival"' in 2016) - September - Large event with games, magic shows, music, rides, and art in Downtown Northville where booth operators and parade participants wear traditional Victorian outfits to celebrate the city's heritage, since 1989[14]
  • Fire and Ice - January - Chili and Salsa Cookoff as well as Ice Carving in Town Square and the Senior Center[15]
  • Summer Friday Night Concerts - June to August - Concerts on Friday nights in Town Square, since 1986
  • Northville Christmas Parade - Held on a Friday night in November every year

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.07 square miles (5.36 km2), of which 2.05 square miles (5.31 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860620
18706261.0%
188093449.2%
18901,57368.4%
19001,75511.6%
19101,665−5.1%
19201,7384.4%
19302,56647.6%
19403,03218.2%
19503,2406.9%
19603,96722.4%
19705,40036.1%
19805,6985.5%
19906,2269.3%
20006,4593.7%
20105,970−7.6%
Est. 20185,970[4]0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]

In 2007, the median income for a household in the city was $98,054, and the median income for a family was $123,509.[18]). Males had a median income of $75,126 versus $41,343 for females. The per capita income for the city was $43,454. About 1.0% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

Downtown Northville

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 5,970 people, 2,596 households, and 1,643 families living in the city. The population density was 2,912.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,124.4/km2). There were 2,767 housing units at an average density of 1,349.8 per square mile (521.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.7% White, 1.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.6% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.

There were 2,596 households of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.7% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the city was 45.3 years. 22% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.1% were from 25 to 44; 34.3% were from 45 to 64; and 16.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 6,459 people, 2,720 households, and 1,795 families living in the city. The population density was 3,239.1 per square mile (1,253.2/km²). There were 2,801 housing units at an average density of 1,404.7 per square mile (543.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.11% White, 0.39% African American, 0.19% Native American, 1.86% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.64% of the population. In more detail, 18.7% were of German, 14.1% were of Irish, 12.3% were of Polish, 10.1% were of English, and 7.4% were of Italian ancestry.

There were 2,720 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muniweb. "Charter, City of Northville, Michigan (MI)". northville.mi.us.
  2. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 3, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Northville, Michigan
  7. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Northville city, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Louie, Barbara. Northville, Michigan, Arcadia Publishing, 2001. ISBN 0-7385-2359-3
  9. ^ "Heritage: Chamber gives Victorian Fest a facelift". Retrieved October 19, 2016.
  10. ^ "History". Northvillemarquistheatre.com. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
  11. ^ "Website - Art in the Sun". Northville.org. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
  12. ^ "Website - Farmers Market". Northville.org. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
  13. ^ "Website - Northville Grub Crawl". Northville.org. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
  14. ^ "Website - Victorian Festival". Northville.org. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
  15. ^ "Website - Fire and Ice". Northville.org. 2009-01-31. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  18. ^ 2005-2007 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates[permanent dead link], United States Census Bureau
  19. ^ Huhman, Lonnie (9 September 2014). "Northville native stars in new Nickelodeon series". Hometown Life. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  20. ^ Charles Parker, Acta Design, 818-563-3032. "Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm - Contact, Email and Bio Information". Emailyourgovernor.com. Retrieved 2009-10-10.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  21. ^ http://www.fox.com/dance/contestants/amy-yakima

(1)New link to city charter: http://www.ci.northville.mi.us/government/governing_documents/city_charter

External links[edit]