Nyong language

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Nyong
Mumbake
Native toNigeria, Cameroon
RegionAdamawa State
Native speakers
30,000 in Cameroon (2008 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3muo
Glottolognyon1241[2]

Nyong (Daganyonga), also known as Mubako and Bali-Kumbat, is a Leko language spoken in two well-separated enclaves in Cameroon and Nigeria. Cameroonian speakers consider themselves to be ethnically Chamba.

Phonology[edit]

The vowels of Nyong are /i/, /u/, /e/, /o/, /ə/ /ɛ/, /ɔ/, and /a/. Length contrast exists in all vowels except /ə/ and /o/, which are always short. There are five tones: high, mid, low, rising, and falling.[3]


Consonant Phonemes[3]
Labial Dental/Alveolar Palatal Velar Labiovelar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Stop p, b t, d k, g
Affricate nd ŋɡ kp, gb
Aproximant l j w
Fricative f, v s, z h

Similarity to Other Languages[edit]

Nyong is linguistically distinct from nearby languages. It is instead more similar to the Chamba language which is spoken to the north. Nyong and Chamba have 85% lexical similarity.[4]

  1. ^ Nyong at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Nyong". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Kouonang, Alice (1983). Esquisse phonologique du parler bali-kumbat.
  4. ^ Griffin, Margaret A. (1994). A rapid appraisal survey of Mubako (ALCAM 300 Samba leekɔ).