Both known genes are on the X chromosome. When the term "autosomal recessive ocular albinism" ("AROA") is used, it usually refers to mild variants of oculocutaneous albinism rather than ocular albinism, which is X-linked.
Also known as Nettleship–Falls syndrome, is the most common variety of ocular albinism. OA1 is usually associated with nystagmus, and difficult to otherwise detect in females; males show more readily observable symptoms.
^Forsius H, Eriksson AW (April 1964). "[A new eye syndrome with X-chromosomal transmission. a family clan with fundus albinism, fovea hypoplasia, nystagmus, myopia, astigmatism and dyschromatopsia.]". Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd (in German). 144: 447–57. PMID14230113.
^Winship IM, Babaya M, Ramesar RS (November 1993). "X-linked ocular albinism and sensorineural deafness: linkage to Xp22.3". Genomics. 18 (2): 444–5. doi:10.1006/geno.1993.1495. PMID8288253.