Orița M1941

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Oriṭa
Orita.jpg
Oriṭa M1941
TypeSubmachine gun
Place of originRomania
Service history
In service1943[1]–1970s[2]
Used byRomania
Nazi Germany
Production history
Designed1941
ManufacturerUzinele Metalurgice Copșa Mică și Cugir
No. built6,000+
VariantsOriţa M1941, Oriţa M1948
Specifications
Mass3.45 kg (7.6 lb) without magazine 4 kg (8.8 lb) with magazine
Length894 mm (35.2 in)
Barrel length278 mm (10.9 in)

Cartridge9×19mm Parabellum[3]
Rate of fire400-600 rpm cyclic
Muzzle velocity400 m/s (1,300 ft/s)
Maximum firing range200 m (656.2 ft)
Feed system25 or 32 round detachable box magazine
Sightsgraded from 100 m (328.1 ft) to 500 m (1,640.4 ft)

The Orița is a 9×19mm Parabellum submachine gun that was manufactured in Romania during World War II and for several years afterwards. It was named for Captain Marin Orița (Military Technical Corps, Romanian Army), who is credited in Romania with its design.[4] (Other sources describe the Orița as a joint Czech-Romanian project;[1] the Czech Leopold Jašek and the Romanian Nicolae Sterca are also considered to have contributed to its design.[2][5]) The mass production was made by CMC Uzinele Metallurgice Copșa Mică together with Cugir Arms Factory. The first version, Model 1941, entered operational service with the Romanian Army in 1943.[1] Two later improved models were the Model 1948, with a fixed wooden stock, and the rare paratrooper Model 1949, with a folding metal stock.[6] It remained in service with the Romanian Army until it was replaced in the 1960s by the more powerful Pistol Mitralieră model 1963/1965, a Romanian version of the AK-47 assault rifle. The Orița remained in service with the Romanian paramilitaries ("Gărzile Patriotice") until the 1970s.[2]

With a production rate of 666 pieces per month as of October 1942,[7] 6,000 were produced until October 1943.[8]

A small quantity of these Romanian weapons was also used by the Wehrmacht during the last two years of the Second World War.[9]

Other specifications[edit]

  • Rifling: 6 right-hand grooves

Orita Carbine[edit]

A carbine version of the Orita was designed, chambered in 9×23mm Steyr. Only one prototype was built; it is preserved in the National Military Museum in Bucharest.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Axworthy & al (1995), p. 75
  2. ^ a b c Plăvcan, L. & Plăvcan, D., Romanian Firepower…
  3. ^ Specifications for Orița, Model 1941, are from Plăvcan, L. & Plăvcan, D., Romanian Firepower…
  4. ^ König (1977), p. 229
  5. ^ Anonymous, Román kézifegyverek…
  6. ^ König (1977), p. 231
  7. ^ Mark Axworthy, London: Arms and Armour, 1995, Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941–1945, p. 75
  8. ^ Mark Axworthy, London: Arms and Armour, 1995, Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941–1945, p. 149
  9. ^ John Walter, Guns of the Third Reich, Greenhill Books, 2004, p. 163

Sources[edit]

  • Anonymous, Román kézifegyverek: Md. 1941 Orita géppisztoly, retrieved 2008-01-08 (in Hungarian)
  • Axworthy, Mark, Cornel I. Scafeș, and Cristian Crăciunoiu. (1995) Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941–1945. London: Arms and Armour ISBN 1-85409-267-7.
  • König, Carol. Căpitanul Marin Orița—Inventator român de prestigiu din al doilea sfert al secolului al XX‑lea. Muzeul Militar Central, Studii și materiale de muzeografie și istorie militară, 10 (1977): 229–33. (in Romanian)
  • Plăvcan, Liviu; Plăvcan, Dora, Romanian Firepower: 9mm Orita Model 1941 Submachine Gun, retrieved 2008-01-08.

External links[edit]