Outline of Turkey

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The location of Turkey

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Turkey:

Turkeysovereign Eurasian country that stretches across the Anatolian peninsula in Southwest Asia and Thrace (Rumelia) at the southeastern tip of the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe.[1] Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic whose political system was established in 1923 under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, following the fall of the Ottoman Empire in the aftermath of World War I.

General reference[edit]

Administrative regions of Turkey showing the major cities

Geography of Turkey[edit]

Turkey is a mountainous country.
Turkey has a coastline of 7,200km.
 Syria (outline) 822 km (511 mi)
 Iran (outline) 499 km (511 mi)
 Iraq (outline) 352 km (310 mi)
 Armenia (outline) 268 km (167 mi)
 Georgia (outline) 252 km (157 mi)
 Bulgaria (outline) 240 km (149 mi)
 Greece (outline) 206 km (5128 mi)
 Azerbaijan (outline) 9 km (6 mi)
  • Coastline: 7,200 km (4,474 mi)

Environment of Turkey[edit]

Snowy day in Istanbul
Turkish Angora is a distinctive breed from Ankara
Van cat is a distinctive cat breed that enjoys swimming

Geographic features of Turkey[edit]

Regions of Turkey[edit]

Ecoregions of Turkey[edit]

Mean temperature normal, period of 1971-2000
Average rainfall in Turkey, period of 1981-2000

List of ecoregions in Turkey

Administrative divisions of Turkey[edit]

Administrative divisions of Turkey

Provinces of Turkey[edit]

Provinces of Turkey Turkey is divided into 81 provinces, called iller in Turkish

Districts of Turkey[edit]

Districts of Turkey The provinces of Turkey are divided into 923 districts (ilçeler; sing. ilçe).

Demography of Turkey[edit]

Demographics of Turkey

Government and politics of Turkey[edit]

Ankara is the capital

National government[edit]

Legislative branch[edit]

Executive branch[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Foreign relations[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

Military[edit]

Turkish navy

Intelligence organizations[edit]

History of Turkey[edit]

Topkapı is one of the many Ottoman palaces in Istanbul.

History of Turkey, by period[edit]

History of Turkey, by subject[edit]

Culture of Turkey[edit]

Topkapı served as the main residence of Ottoman sultans in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Dolmabahçe Palace is on the Bosporus with sweeping views.
The chandelier in Dolmabahçe Palace was a gift from Queen Victoria.
Appreciation for Turkish coffee in Istanbul led to the creation of the first ever coffeehouse in the world.
Salep is a traditional drink that is made out of orchids.
Turkey consumes more tea per capita than any other country.
Boza is a popular wintertime malt drink.
Turquerie: Madame de Pompadour portrayed as a Turkish lady in 1747.
Turquerie: Crown prince of Austria had his working room decorated in the Turkish style in 1881.

Art in Turkey[edit]

Law in Turkey[edit]

Religion in Turkey[edit]

Inside the Blue Mosque

Sports in Turkey[edit]

Oil wrestling is the national sport of Turkey.

Sports in Turkey

Economy and infrastructure of Turkey[edit]

Financial district of Levent in Istanbul
Istanbul Airport is the main international airport in Istanbul.
Turkey provides high-speed rail service with speeds up to 300 km/h (186 mph).
Butterfly Valley, home to 105 species of butterflies, is a popular tourist attraction.
Wind farm on Bozcaada

Education in Turkey[edit]

Robert College is a selective high school in Turkey.
Galatasaray Lisesi (gate pictured) is a public high school in Istanbul that dates back to 1481.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Turkey". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 14, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.