Outline of nanotechnology

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to nanotechnology:

Nanotechnology is science, engineering, and technology conducted at the nanoscale, which is about 1 to 100 nanometers.

Branches of nanotechnology[edit]

  • Green nanotechnology – use of nanotechnology to enhance the environmental-sustainability of processes currently producing negative externalities. It also refers to the use of the products of nanotechnology to enhance sustainability.
  • Nanoengineering – practice of engineering on the nanoscale.
  • Wet nanotechnology – involves working up to large masses from small ones.

Multi-disciplinary fields that include nanotechnology[edit]

  • Nanobiotechnology – intersection of nanotechnology and biology.[1]
  • Ceramic engineering – science and technology of creating objects from inorganic, non-metallic materials.
  • Materials science – interdisciplinary field applying the properties of matter to various areas of science and engineering. It investigates the relationship between the structure of materials at atomic or molecular scales and their macroscopic properties.
    • Nanoarchitectonics – arranging nanoscale structural units, which are usually a group of atoms or molecules, in an intended configuration.
  • Molecular engineering

Contributing fields[edit]


  • Nanoelectronics – use of nanotechnology on electronic components, including transistors so small that inter-atomic interactions and quantum mechanical properties need to be studied extensively.
  • Nanomechanics – branch of nanoscience studying fundamental mechanical (elastic, thermal and kinetic) properties of physical systems at the nanometer scale.
  • Nanophotonics – study of the behavior of light on the nanometer scale.

Other contributing fields[edit]

Risks of nanotechnology[edit]

Implications of nanotechnology

Applications of nanotechnology[edit]


  • Nanomaterials – field that studies materials with morphological features on the nanoscale, and especially those that have special properties stemming from their nanoscale dimensions.

Fullerenes and carbon forms[edit]

Fullerene – any molecule composed entirely of carbon, in the form of a hollow sphere, ellipsoid, or tube. Fullerene spheres and tubes have applications in nanotechnology.

Nanoparticles and colloids[edit]




Molecular self-assembly[edit]

Molecular self-assembly



Molecular electronics[edit]

Molecular electronics



Molecular nanotechnology[edit]

Molecular nanotechnology


Microscopes and other devices[edit]


Notable organizations in nanotechnology[edit]

List of nanotechnology organizations


Advocacy and information groups[edit]


  • Cerion Nanomaterials, Metal / Metal Oxide / Ceramic Nanoparticles (US)
  • OCSiAl, Carbon Nanotubes (Luxembourg)

Notable figures in nanotechnology[edit]

See also[edit]

Place these

Further reading[edit]

  • Engines of Creation, by Eric Drexler
  • Nanosystems, by Eric Drexler
  • Nanotechnology: A Gentle Introduction to the Next Big Idea by Mark and Daniel Ratner, ISBN 0-13-101400-5
  • There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom by Richard Feynman
  • The challenges of nanotechnology by Claire Auplat[2][3]


  1. ^ Ehud Gazit, Plenty of room for biology at the bottom: An introduction to bionanotechnology. Imperial College Press, 2007, ISBN 978-1-86094-677-6
  2. ^ Auplat, Claire (2012). "The challenges of nanotechnology policy making - Part 1". Global Policy. 3 (4): 492–500. doi:10.1111/j.1758-5899.2011.00159.x.
  3. ^ Auplat, Claire (2013). "The challenges of nanotechnology policy making - Part 2". Global Policy. 4 (1): 101–107. doi:10.1111/j.1758-5899.2011.00160.x.

External links[edit]