Parliament of the Czech Republic
|Parliament of the Czech Republic
Parlament České republiky
Chamber of Deputies
Senate political groups
Chamber of Deputies political groups
Senate last election
|7–8 October 2016
14–15 October 2016
Chamber of Deputies last election
|20–21 October 2017|
|Palaces in Malá Strana, Prague|
Chamber of Deputies
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Art. 15 of the Constitution stipulates its name as the "Parliament". The Parliament exercises competences usual in parliamentary systems: it holds and passes bills, has the right to modify the Constitution, ratifies international agreements; if necessary, it declares war, approves presence of foreign military forces in the Czech Republic or a dispatch of Czech military forces abroad.
The tradition of modern parliamentarianism in the Bohemian lands dates back to times of the Austrian Empire (and then Cisleithanian part of Austria-Hungary), where the Imperial Council (Reichsrat, Říšská rada) was created in 1861.
After proclamation of Czechoslovakia in 1918 its National Assembly (Národní shromáždění) undertook legislative duties both of the Imperial Council and State Diets (Bohemian, Moravian, Silesian). In 1938–39 and between 1948–89 there existed a parliament within non-democratic regimes (semi-authoritarian or Communist regime, respectively). As a consequence of federalization of Czechoslovakia (1968), national councils of Czech and Slovak parts of the country were created.
- Group formed by senators of various parties (Severočeši.cz, KSČM, Party of Civic Rights) and independent senators
- 2015, FG Forrest, a.s., www.fg.cz,. "The Constitution of the Czech Republic - Prague Castle". Prague Castle. Retrieved 2017-05-25.
- Balík, S.-Hloušek, V.-Holzer, J.-Šedo, J.: Politický systém českých zemí 1848-1989. Brno 2006, p. 81.
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