Party of Democratic Action

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Party of Democratic Action
Stranka demokratske akcije
PresidentBakir Izetbegović[1]
General SecretaryHalid Genjac
FounderAlija Izetbegović
Founded26 May 1990
HeadquartersMehmeda Spahe 14, Sarajevo
Youth wingYouth Association SDA
IdeologyBosniak nationalism[2][3]
Conservatism[3][4][5][6][7][8][9]
Centralism
Political positionCentre-right
European affiliationEuropean People's Party (observer)[10]
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union
ColoursGreen
Slogan"Snaga naroda!"
"Power of the nation!"
Anthem"Ja sin sam tvoj, zemljo"
"I am your son, country"
Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
1 / 3
House of Representatives
9 / 42
House of Peoples
3 / 15
House of Representatives of the FB&H
27 / 98
House of Peoples of FB&H
9 / 58
Assembly of RS
3 / 83
Party flag
Flag of the Party of Democratic Action
Website
www.sda.ba

The Party of Democratic Action (Bosnian: Stranka demokratske akcije or SDA) is a conservative[3][4][5][6][7][8][9] Bosniak nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[11]

History[edit]

The Party of Democratic Action (SDA) was founded on 26 May 1990 in Sarajevo. It was a realisation of Alija Izetbegović's idea of an Islamic religious and national party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Many members of the Islamic Community of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including imams, took part in the party's foundation.[12] The party has its roots in the old Yugoslav Muslim Organization, a conservative Bosniak party in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Yugoslav Muslim Organization was a successor of Muslimanska Narodna Organizacija (Muslim National Organization), a conservative Bosniak party founded in 1906 during the Austro-Hungarian era. The Muslim National Organization was itself a successor of the conservative Bosniak "Movement for waqf and educational autonomy" (Pokret za vakufsko-mearifsku autonomiju) that goes back to 1887.

The SDA achieved considerable success in elections after the breakup of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. It founded the newspaper Ljiljan. The party remains the strongest political party among the Bosniak population in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

In November 2000 the party was defeated by the Social Democratic Party and other parties gathered into the "Alliance for Change", and found itself in opposition for the first time since its creation.[13][clarification needed]

The party has branches in Slovenia, Kosovo, the Republic of Macedonia, Croatia and the Sandžak region of Serbia. One of the goals of the party, outside Bosnia and Herzegovina, is to represent and defend the interests of Bosniaks and other Muslim South Slavs in the entire Balkan region. In Montenegro the party merged with smaller Bosniak and Slavic Muslim parties to create the Bosniak Party.

The party is an observer member of the European People's Party (EPP).

After the Bosnian general election, 2018, SDA became once again the largest party in Bosnia and Herzegovina

List of presidents[edit]

# Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of Office
1 Izetbegovic.jpg Alija Izetbegović
(1925–2003)
26 May 1990 13 October 2001
2 Sulejman Tihić.jpg Sulejman Tihić
(1951–2014)
13 October 2001 25 September 2014
3 Izetbegović, Bakir.jpg Bakir Izetbegović
(b. 1956)
25 September 2014 present

Elections[edit]

Presidency elections[edit]

Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Election year # Candidate Votes % Representing Elected?
1996 1st Alija Izetbegović 730,592 80.0% Bosniaks Yes
1998 1st Alija Izetbegović 511,541 86.8% Bosniaks Yes
2002 1st Sulejman Tihić 192,661 37.2% Bosniaks Yes
2006 2nd Sulejman Tihić 153,683 27.5% Bosniaks No
2010 1st Bakir Izetbegović 162,831 34.8% Bosniaks Yes
2014 1st Bakir Izetbegović 247,235 32.8% Bosniaks Yes
2018 1st Šefik Džaferović 212,581 36.6 Bosniaks Yes

Cantonal election results[edit]

Cantonal election Cantonal Assembly
Una-Sana Posavina Tuzla Zenica-Doboj Bosnian Podrinje Goražde Central Bosnia Herzegovina-Neretva West Herzegovina Sarajevo Canton 10 Total won / Total contested
1996
39 / 50
3 / 20
33 / 50
40 / 59
26 / 31
29 / 55
19 / 50
0 / 31
28 / 45
2 / 15
219 / 406
1998
33 / 50
5 / 30
26 / 50
29 / 50
21 / 31
22 / 50
18 / 50
0 / 31
25 / 45
4 / 30
181 / 417
2000
13 / 30
2 / 21
12 / 35
13 / 35
8 / 25
8 / 30
5 / 30
0 / 23
8 / 35
2 / 25
71 / 289
2002
14 / 30
2 / 21
16 / 35
20 / 35
12 / 25
10 / 30
7 / 30
0 / 23
15 / 35
2 / 25
98 / 289
2006
12 / 30
2 / 21
12 / 35
13 / 35
9 / 25
8 / 30
6 / 30
0 / 23
10 / 35
2 / 25
74 / 289
2010
7 / 30
2 / 21
10 / 35
10 / 35
6 / 25
6 / 30
5 / 30
0 / 23
7 / 35
2 / 25
55 / 289
2014
10 / 30
3 / 21
13 / 35
11 / 35
6 / 25
8 / 30
7 / 30
0 / 23
10 / 35
2 / 25
70 / 289
2018
9 / 30
2 / 21
9 / 35
11 / 35
5 / 25
10 / 30
8 / 30
0 / 23
10 / 35
2 / 25
66 / 289

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Bakir Izetbegović is the new president of the Party of Democratic Action". klix.ba. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  2. ^ Šedo 2013, p. 31.
  3. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "Bosnia-Herzegovina". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b Eralp 2012, p. 28.
  5. ^ a b Babić 2014, p. 128.
  6. ^ a b Farmer 2010, p. 126.
  7. ^ a b Krieger 2012, p. 102.
  8. ^ a b Tottoli 2014, p. 81.
  9. ^ a b Filipović & 28 July 2000.
  10. ^ Šedo 2013, p. 92.
  11. ^ James, Ron (2003). Frontiers and ghettos: State Violence in Serbia and Israel. University of California Press. p. 218. ISBN 9780520236578. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
  12. ^ Perica 2004, p. 87.
  13. ^ Al-Azmeh, Aziz (2007). Islam in Europe: Diversity, Identity, and Influence. Cambridge University Press. p. 118. ISBN 9780521860116. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
Books
  • Babić, Marko (2014). Milosevic, Marko; Rekawek, Kacper, eds. Perseverance of Terrorism: Focus on Leaders. Amsterdam: IOS Press. ISBN 9781614993872.
  • Eralp, Doğa Ulaş (2012). Politics of the European Union in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Between Conflict and Democracy. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. ISBN 9780739149478.
  • Farmer, Brian R. (2010). Radical Islam in the West: Ideology and Challenge. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 9780786462100.
  • Krieger, Joel (2012). The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199738595.
  • Perica, Vjekoslav (2004). Balkan Idols: Religion and Nationalism in Yugoslav States. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195174298.
  • Šedo, Jakub (2013). "The party system of Bosnia and Herzegovina". In Stojarová, Vera; Emerson, Peter. Party Politics in the Western Balkans. New York: Routledge. ISBN 9781135235857.
  • Tottili, Roberto (2014). Routledge Handbook of Islam in the West. London: Routledge. ISBN 9781317744023.
Other sources

External links[edit]