Party of Democratic Action

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Party of Democratic Action
Stranka demokratske akcije
President Bakir Izetbegović[1]
General Secretary Halid Genjac
Founder Alija Izetbegović
Founded 26 May 1990
Headquarters Mehmeda Spahe 14, Sarajevo
Newspaper Stav
Youth wing Youth Association SDA
Ideology Bosnian nationalism[2][3]
Conservatism[2][4][5][6][7][8][9]
Pro-Europeanism
Political position Centre-right
European affiliation European People's Party (observer)[10]
International affiliation International Democrat Union
Colours Green
Slogan "U jedinstvu je snaga!"
"Power is in unity!"
Anthem "Ja sin sam tvoj, zemljo"
"I am your son, country"
House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina
6 / 42
House of Peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina
3 / 15
House of Representatives of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
26 / 98
House of Peoples of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
9 / 58
National Assembly of Republika Srpska
2 / 83
Website
www.sda.ba

The Party of Democratic Action (Bosnian: Stranka demokratske akcije or SDA) is a conservative[2][4][5][6][7][8][9] Bosniak nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[11]

History[edit]

The Party of Democratic Action (SDA) was founded on 26 May 1990 in Sarajevo. It was a realisation of Alija Izetbegović's idea of an Islamic religious and national party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Many members of the Islamic Community of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including imams, took part in the party's foundation.[12] The party has its roots in the old Yugoslav Muslim Organization, a conservative Bosniak party in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Yugoslav Muslim Organization was a successor of Muslimanska Narodna Organizacija (Muslim National Organization), a conservative Bosniak party founded in 1906 during the Austro-Hungarian era. The Muslim National Organization was itself a successor of the conserative Bosniak "Movement for waqf and educational autonomy" (Pokret za vakufsko-mearifsku autonomiju) that goes back to 1887.

The SDA achieved considerable success in elections after the breakup of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. It founded the newspaper Ljiljan. The party remains the strongest political party among the Bosniak population in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

In November 2000 the party was defeated by the Social Democratic Party and other parties gathered into the "Alliance for Change", and found itself in opposition for the first time since its creation.[13][clarification needed]

The party has branches in Slovenia, Kosovo, the Republic of Macedonia, Croatia and the Sandžak region of Serbia. One of the goals of the party, outside Bosnia and Herzegovina, is to represent and defend the interests of Bosniaks and other Muslim South Slavs in the entire Balkan region. In Montenegro the party merged with smaller Bosniak and Slavic Muslim parties to create the Bosniak Party.

The party is an observer member of the European People's Party (EPP).

After the Bosnian general election, 2014, SDA became once again the largest party in Bosnia and Herzegovina

List of presidents[edit]

# Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of Office
1 Izetbegovic.jpg Alija Izetbegović
(1925–2003)
26 May 1990 13 October 2001
2 Sulejman Tihić.jpg Sulejman Tihić
(1951–2014)
13 October 2001 25 September 2014
3 Izetbegović, Bakir.jpg Bakir Izetbegović
(b. 1956)
25 September 2014 present

Cantonal election results[edit]

Cantonal election Cantonal Assembly
Una-Sana Posavina Tuzla Zenica-Doboj Bosnian Podrinje Goražde Central Bosnia Herzegovina-Neretva West Herzegovina Sarajevo Canton 10 Total won / Total contested
2006
12 / 30
2 / 21
12 / 35
13 / 35
9 / 25
8 / 30
6 / 30
0 / 23
10 / 35
2 / 25
74 / 289
2010
7 / 30
2 / 21
10 / 35
10 / 35
6 / 25
6 / 30
5 / 30
0 / 23
7 / 35
2 / 25
55 / 289
2014
10 / 30
3 / 21
13 / 35
11 / 35
6 / 25
8 / 30
5 / 30
0 / 23
10 / 35
2 / 25
68 / 289

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Bakir Izetbegović is the new president of the Party of Democratic Action". klix.ba. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2014). "Bosnia-Herzegovina". Parties and Elections in Europe. 
  3. ^ Šedo 2013, p. 31.
  4. ^ a b Eralp 2012, p. 28.
  5. ^ a b Babić 2014, p. 128.
  6. ^ a b Farmer 2010, p. 126.
  7. ^ a b Krieger 2012, p. 102.
  8. ^ a b Tottoli 2014, p. 81.
  9. ^ a b Filipović & 28 July 2000.
  10. ^ Šedo 2013, p. 92.
  11. ^ James, Ron (2003). Frontiers and ghettos: State Violence in Serbia and Israel. University of California Press. p. 218. ISBN 9780520236578. Retrieved 2009-06-18. 
  12. ^ Perica 2004, p. 87.
  13. ^ Al-Azmeh, Aziz (2007). Islam in Europe: Diversity, Identity, and Influence. Cambridge University Press. p. 118. ISBN 9780521860116. Retrieved 2009-06-18. 
Books
  • Babić, Marko (2014). Milosevic, Marko; Rekawek, Kacper, eds. Perseverance of Terrorism: Focus on Leaders. Amsterdam: IOS Press. ISBN 9781614993872. 
  • Eralp, Doğa Ulaş (2012). Politics of the European Union in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Between Conflict and Democracy. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. ISBN 9780739149478. 
  • Farmer, Brian R. (2010). Radical Islam in the West: Ideology and Challenge. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 9780786462100. 
  • Krieger, Joel (2012). The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199738595. 
  • Perica, Vjekoslav (2004). Balkan Idols: Religion and Nationalism in Yugoslav States. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195174298. 
  • Šedo, Jakub (2013). "The party system of Bosnia and Herzegovina". In Stojarová, Vera; Emerson, Peter. Party Politics in the Western Balkans. New York: Routledge. ISBN 9781135235857. 
  • Tottili, Roberto (2014). Routledge Handbook of Islam in the West. London: Routledge. ISBN 9781317744023. 
Other sources

External links[edit]