Pasto language

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Native toColombia, Ecuador
Extinct(date missing)
Barbacoan[citation needed]
  • Awan
    • Pasto–Muellama
      • Pasto
Language codes
ISO 639-3
bpb (as Pasto)

Pasto is a purported Barbacoan language that was spoken by indigenous people of Pasto, Colombia and Carchi Province, Ecuador. It is now extinct.

ISO issue[edit]

Prior to its retirement,[2] the ISO name of the ISO code [bpb] was Barbacoas, the name of an extinct people who gave their name to the Barbacoan language family of which Pasto is a member, as well as to the Colombian town of Barbacoas. However, nothing is known of their language, one of several also known as Colima (Loukotka 1968: 247)[3], and it can only be assumed to be part of the Barbacoan family (Campbell 2012: 78).[4] Such unattested, long-extinct languages are not normally assigned ISO codes. MultiTree conflates Barbacoas with neighboring Pasto, which is well-enough attested for classification and assignment of an ISO code. This does not however mean that the retired ISO code [bpb] can be properly used for the Pasto language.

Glottolog distinguishes unclassifiable [past1243] 'Pasto' from unattested [barb1242] 'Barbacoas'.


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Pasto". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ "Request Number 2019-019 for Change to ISO 639-3 Language Code" (PDF). SIL International. 2019-03-04. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  3. ^ Loukotka, Čestmír (1968). Classification of South American Indian languages. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center.
  4. ^ Campbell, Lyle (2012). "Classification of the indigenous languages of South America". In Grondona, Verónica; Campbell, Lyle (eds.). The Indigenous Languages of South America. The World of Linguistics. 2. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 59–166. ISBN 9783110255133.