|Etymology||songs made my bengal patua|
|Stylistic origins||Blueblood of Bengal|
|Cultural origins||ancient time to present, Bengal region|
|Typical instruments||free voice and folk instrument|
|India (West Bengal)|
Patua Sangeet or Poter Gan is a cultural tradition of Bengal Patachitra. It is performed by Patua. It is famous in the village part of West Bengal like Birbhum, Jhargram, Bardhaman and Murshidabad as a folk song of West Bengal.
There are three types of Patua Sangeet according to the difference of Patachitra and there mythological stories. This lyrical drama is written about the Krishnilila, Gouranglila, Ramlila, Shib-Parbotiilila etc. is called Lila kahini. Panch Kalyani type music is not based on any particular story or adaptation. There are many sense of various gods and goddesses. So it's called Pancha Kalyani, the mixer of various stories. Gopalan or Cattlefarming story is another type of Patua Sangeet.
Patua sangeet was prevalent in the entire the hole Bengal region, but now it is heard in Birbhum, West Midnapore, Nayagram of Pingla block in Jhargram, Bardhaman and Murshidabad district in West Bengal.
Relation between Patachitra and Patua sangeet
Patua sangeet is not the total emulate of Patachitra. It described the inner meaning and thought of the Patachitra. So, Patachitra and Patua sangeet are depended each to each.
The perfect form of Bengali life
Although the culture of Patua Sangeet became fade, some songs are still heard in some places of West Bengal. There are some ideas of pat singing from the different writers who compiled the songs.
Pancha Kalyani giti
|“||Nama mahēśbara digambara īśāna śaṅkara.
Śiba śambhu śūlapāṇi hara digambara
Krishna pater giti
|“||Hari binē br̥ndābanē āra ki brajē śōbhā pāẏa.
Jalē kr̥ṣṇa sthalē kr̥ṣṇa kr̥ṣṇa mahimanḍalē.
Jam pater giti
|“||Arira putra yamarāja yama nāma dharē,
binā aparādhē yama kā'uri danḍa nā'i karē.
Gajir pot giti
|“||Pērathamētē dēkhēna kartā ṭhākura jagannātha
rāma-lakṣmaṇa naẏā hanu laṅkā ca'ilā yāẏa.
- Pulin Chitrakar
- Gouri Chitrakar
- Rani Chitrakar
- Sri Ashutosh Bhattacharya. Bangiyo Loko-Sangeet Ratnakosh. Kolkata: Paschimbanga Loko Sanskriti Gobeshona Kendra. p. 1041.
- "Myths and Folktales in the Patachitra Art of Bengal: Tradition and Modernity - The Chitrolekha Journal on Art and Design". The Chitrolekha Journal on Art and Design. 2015-08-02. Retrieved 2018-05-18.
- Gurusaday Dutta (1939). Patua Sangeet. Kolkata: Kolkata University. pp. Introduction page.
- Bose, Nirmal Kumar. 1953. Folk religion of Bengal, part I number I (A study of the Vrata rites).C. Kar, Benoy Bose Road, Calcutta, India
- "Patachitra: Ancient scroll painting of Bengal". Media India Group. 2017-04-26. Retrieved 2018-05-18.
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