Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district

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Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district
District 16.png
Boundaries beginning January 2019; below statistics, except PVI, apply to former boundaries
Current Representative Lloyd Smucker (RWest Lampeter Township)
Distribution
  • 76.05% urban
  • 23.95% rural
Population (2000) 646,328
Median income 45,943
Ethnicity
Cook PVI R+8[1]
The 16th congressional district's boundaries from January 3, 2013 to January 2019

Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district is located in the southeastern part of the state, just west of Philadelphia. Created after the 2000 Census, the district is composed of a large portion of southern Chester County, most of Lancaster County, and a sliver of Berks County, including the city of Reading. The 16th stretches from the southwestern suburbs of Philadelphia in the east to the Susquehanna River in the west, and north to include areas around Reading.

In 2000, the 16th Congressional District was home to 646,328 residents,[2] according to the U.S. Census, and its population has increased since that year. Residents of Lancaster County make up the majority of the district's population, followed by Chester County and Berks County. The district is one of the Pennsylvania districts accused of being the result of gerrymandering.

Pockets of urban areas exist in and around the cities of Lancaster, Reading, and West Chester.

The District has been represented by Republican Lloyd Smucker since 2017.

Adams County (which includes Gettysburg) was in the district in 1863, at the time of the Battle of Gettysburg and the Gettysburg Address. Democrat Alexander Coffroth was the district's Representative at the time.

The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania redrew the district in February 2018 after ruling the previous map unconstitutional. What was the 16th district will be modified to become the eleventh district, and the old third district will likewise become the 16th, for the 2018 elections and representation thereafter.[3]

Recent election results[edit]

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Source: http://www.electionreturns.state.pa.us

Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct Green Votes Pct Constitution Votes Pct Independent Votes Pct Independent Votes Pct Libertarian Votes Pct
2000 Bob Yorczyk 80,177 33.1% Joe Pitts 162,403 67.0%
2002 Joe Pitts 119,046 88.5% Will Todd 8,720 6.5% Kenneth Brenneman 6,766 5.0%
2004 Lois Herr 98,410 34.5% Joe Pitts 183,620 64.4% William Hagen 3,269 1.25
2006 Lois Herr 80,915 39.6% Joe Pitts 115,741 56.6% John
Murphy
7,958 3.9%
2008 Bruce Slater 120,193 39.4% Joe Pitts 170,329 55.8% Daniel Frank 2,877 0.9% John
Murphy
11,768 3.9%
2010 Lois Herr 70,994 34.6% Joe Pitts 134,113 65.4%
2012 Aryanna Strader 109,026 39% Joe Pitts 154,337 55% John
Murphy
10,080 4% Jim Bednarski 4995 2%
2014 Tom Houghton 73,921 42.2% Joe Pitts 101,083 57.8%
2016 Christina Hartman 134,586 42.89% Lloyd Smucker 168,669 53.76% Shawn Patrick House 10,518 3.35%

U.S. President[edit]

Year District winner
2004 Bush 61 - 38%
2008 McCain 51 - 48%
2012 Romney 52.4 - 46.3%
2016 Trump 51.0 - 44.2%

Counties and municipalities within the district[edit]

Berks County: Bern, Lower Heidelberg, Reading, South Heidelberg, Spring, Wernersville Borough, West Reading

Chester County: Avondale, Coatesville, Birmingham, East Bradford, East Fallowfield, East Marlborough, East Nottingham, Elk, Franklin, Highland, Kennett Square Borough, Kennett Township, London Britain, London Grove, Londonderry, Lower Oxford, Newlin, New Garden, New London, Oxford, Parkesburg, Penn, Pennsbury, Upper Oxford, West Chester, West Fallowfield, West Grove, West Marlborough, West Nottingham

Lancaster County: partial; portion of county is in the 7th district

List of representatives[edit]

The district was created with two seats in 1823

1823–1833: Two seats[edit]

Congress Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
18 March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
James Allison, Jr. Jacksonian DR Resigned before Congress convened WForward-SecofTreas.jpg Walter Forward Jacksonian DR Redistricted from the 14th district
Lost re-election
19 March 4, 1825 –
[Data unknown/missing.], 1825
Jacksonian James S. Stevenson Jacksonian Lost re-election
[Data unknown/missing.], 1825 –
October 11, 1825
Vacant
October 11, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Robert Orr, Jr. Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing.]
20 March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
21 March 4, 1829 –
December 15, 1829
Vacant John Gilmore Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing.]
December 15, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
HarmarDenny2.jpg Harmar Denny Anti-Masonic Elected after William Wilkins resigned in 1829 before qualifying
Redistricted to the 22nd district
22 March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833

1833-Present: One seat[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
No image.svg Joseph B. Anthony Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg Robert H. Hammond Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg John Snyder Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Lost re-election
No image.svg James Black Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1847
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jasper Ewing Brady.jpg Jasper E. Brady Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
Lost re-election
No image.svg James X. McLanahan Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg William H. Kurtz Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Redistricted from 15th district
No image.svg Lemuel Todd Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Alexander Ahl (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg John A. Ahl Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
[Data unknown/missing.]
Benjamin F. Junkin (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg Benjamin F. Junkin Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Lost re-election
JosephBaileyPA.jpg Joseph Bailey Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Redistricted to 15th district
Alexander H Coffrotts.jpg Alexander H. Coffroth Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant March 4, 1865 –
February 19, 1866
Contested election
Alexander H Coffrotts.jpg Alexander H. Coffroth Democratic February 19, 1866 –
July 18, 1866
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Henry Koontz - Brady-Handy.jpg William H. Koontz Republican July 18, 1866 –
March 3, 1869
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Cessna - Brady-Handy.jpg John Cessna Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
Lost re-election
BenjaminFranklinMeyers.jpg Benjamin F. Meyers Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
Lost re-election
John Cessna - Brady-Handy.jpg John Cessna Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
[Data unknown/missing.]
Sobieski Ross - Brady-Handy.jpg Sobieski Ross Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
Redistricted from 18th district
John I. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg John I. Mitchell Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
Elected to United States Senate
RobertJarvisCochranWalker.jpg Robert J. C. Walker Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
Declined renomination
WilliamWallaceBrown.jpg William W. Brown Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
[Data unknown/missing.]
Henry Clay McCormick.jpg Henry C. McCormick Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
[Data unknown/missing.]
Albert Cole Hopkins (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg Albert C. Hopkins Republican March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
[Data unknown/missing.]
Fred Churchill Leonard (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg Fred C. Leonard Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
[Data unknown/missing.]
Horace B. Packer (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg Horace B. Packer Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
[Data unknown/missing.]
EliasDeemer.jpg Elias Deemer Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
Redistricted to 15th district
Charles H. Dickerman (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg Charles H. Dickerman Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
Declined renomination
EdmundWSamuel.jpg Edmund W. Samuel Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
Lost re-election
John Geiser McHenry (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg John G. McHenry Democratic March 4, 1907 –
December 27, 1912
Died
Vacant December 27, 1912 –
March 4, 1913
JohnVandlingLesher.jpg John V. Lesher Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
Lost re-election
Isaac Clinton Kline (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg I. Clinton Kline Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
Lost re-election
Edgar R. Kiess.jpg Edgar R. Kiess Republican March 4, 1923 –
July 20, 1930
Redistricted from 15th district
Died
Vacant July 20, 1930 –
November 4, 1930
Robert F. Rich (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg Robert F. Rich Republican November 4, 1930 –
January 3, 1943
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg Thomas E. Scanlon Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
Redistricted from 30th district
Lost re-election
Samuel K. McConnell Jr. (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg Samuel K. McConnell, Jr. Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1953
Redistricted from 17th district
Redistricted to 13th district
Walter M. Mumma (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg Walter M. Mumma Republican January 3, 1953 –
February 25, 1961
Redistricted from 18th district
Died
Vacant February 25, 1961 –
May 16, 1961
John C. Kunkel.jpg John C. Kunkel Republican May 16, 1961 –
December 30, 1966
Resigned
Vacant December 30, 1966 –
January 3, 1967
Edwin D. Eshleman.jpg Edwin D. Eshleman Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1977
Retired
RobertWalkerPA.jpg Robert S. Walker Republican January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1997
Retired
Joe Pitts, Official Portrait, c112th Congress.jpg Joseph R. Pitts Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2017
Retired


Lloyd Smucker official congressional photo.jpg Lloyd Smucker Republican January 3, 2017 –
Incumbent

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2005 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New Pennsylvania Map Is a Major Boost for Democrats". The Cook Political Report. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°01′15″N 76°12′48″W / 40.02083°N 76.21333°W / 40.02083; -76.21333