Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district

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Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district
Pennsylvania US Congressional District 18 (since 2013).tif
Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Vacant 
Distribution
  • 84.05% urban
  • 15.95% rural
Population (2000) 709,728[1]
Median income 44,938
Ethnicity
Cook PVI R+11[2]

Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district includes parts of Greene County, Washington County, Allegheny County, and Westmoreland County. Republican Tim Murphy represented the district from 2003 to his resignation on October 21, 2017, triggering a special election. The district seat is currently vacant.

The district is concentrated in the southern suburbs of Pittsburgh. It is predominantly white, although it contains a diverse range of suburbs. It is drawn in such a way that in some locations, neighborhoods and even streets are split between the 18th and the neighboring 12th and 14th districts. In parts of the eastern portion of the district, one side of the street is in the 12th while the other side is in the 18th. In the west, one side of the street is in the 14th while the other side is in the 18th.

Although there are 70,000 more Democrats in the district than Republicans, the district has trended increasingly Republican since the mid-1990s; most of the district's state legislators are Republicans. The district is home to many large coal mines and the energy industry is an important employer in the district. The western portion of the district contains some rural regions of Washington County, as well as the very wealthy suburbs located in the northern portion of this county. This portion of Washington County tends to be more Republican than the portion contained in the neighboring 12th District. Many of Allegheny County's southern suburbs of Pittsburgh are located in the district, which range from traditionally wealthy areas such as Mount Lebanon and Upper St. Clair, middle-class communities such as Bethel Park and Scott Township, and working class labor towns such as Elizabeth.

The district winds along the eastern suburbs at the edge of Allegheny County, including most of the large suburban commercial center of Monroeville, and in western Westmoreland County. Central Westmoreland County, including the city of Greensburg, is also part of the district. It also contains the rural foothills areas of the county, which are located at the district's eastern end. Westmoreland County has become a major Republican Stronghold in the state.

List of representatives[edit]

Representatives Party Years Electoral history
No image.svg Patrick Farrelly Jacksonian
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Died.
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
January 12, 1826
Vacant January 12, 1826 –
March 14, 1826
No image.svg Thomas H. Sill Adams March 14, 1826 –
March 3, 1827
Elected to finish Farrelly's term.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Stephen Barlow Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Elected in 1826.
Lost re-election.
No image.svg Thomas H. Sill Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
Elected in 1828.
Retired.
No image.svg John Banks Anti-Masonic Party March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Elected in 1830.
Redistricted to the 24th district.
No image.svg George Burd Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
Redistricted from the 13th district and re-elected in 1832.
No image.svg Job Mann Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Elected in 1834.
Lost re-election.
Charles Ogle (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg Charles Ogle Anti-Masonic Party March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
Elected in 1836.
Re-elected in 1838.
Elected in 1840.
Died.
Whig March 4, 1841 –
May 10, 1841
Vacant May 10, 1841 –
June 28, 1841
No image.svg Henry Black Whig June 28, 1841 –
November 28, 1841
Elected to finish Ogle's term.
Died.
Vacant November 28, 1841 –
December 21, 1841
No image.svg James M. Russell Whig December 21, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Elected to finish Black's term.
Retired.
No image.svg Andrew Stewart Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
First elected in 1842.
Re-elected in 1844.
Re-elected in 1846.
Retired.
Andrew J. Ogle (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg Andrew J. Ogle Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
Elected in 1848.
Lost re-election.
John Littleton Dawson (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg John L. Dawson Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Elected in 1850.
Redistricted to the 20th district.
No image.svg John McCulloch Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Elected in 1852.
Retired.
No image.svg John R. Edie Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
First elected in 1854.
Re-elected in 1856.
Retired.
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
Samuel S. Blair (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg Samuel S. Blair Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1863
First elected in 1858.
Re-elected in 1860.
Lost re-election.
Hon. James T. Hale, Pa - NARA - 525352 (V2).jpg James T. Hale Independent Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected in 1862.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Hon. Stephen F. Wilson, Pa - NARA - 527631.jpg Stephen F. Wilson Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1869
First elected in 1864.
Re-elected in 1866.
Resigned to become judge of the fourth judicial district of Pennsylvania.
William Hepburn Armstrong (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg William H. Armstrong Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
Elected in 1868.
Lost re-election.
Henry Sherwood (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg Henry Sherwood Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
Elected in 1870.
Lost re-election.
Sobieski Ross - Brady-Handy.jpg Sobieski Ross Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Elected in 1872.
Redistricted to the 16th district.
William Stenger - Brady-Handy.jpg William Stenger Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
First elected in 1874.
Re-elected in 1876.
Lost re-election.
HoratioGatesFisher.jpg Horatio G. Fisher Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
First elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.
Retired.
Louis E. Atkinson.jpg Louis E. Atkinson Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1893
First elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 186.
Re-elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
Withdrew from election.
Thaddeus Maclay Mahon.jpg Thaddeus M. Mahon Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1903
First elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Redistricted to the 17th district.
Marlin Edgar Olmsted.jpeg Marlin E. Olmsted Republican March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1913
Redistricted from the 14th district and re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Retired.
AaronShenkKreider.jpg Aaron S. Kreider Republican March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1923
First elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Lost re-election.
EdwardMBeers.jpg Edward M. Beers Republican March 4, 1923 –
April 21, 1932
First elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Died.
Vacant April 11, 1932 –
November 8, 1932
Joseph F. Biddle (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg Joseph F. Biddle Republican November 8, 1932 –
March 3, 1933
Elected to finish Beers's term.
Retired.
BenjaminKFocht.jpg Benjamin K. Focht Republican March 4, 1933 –
March 27, 1937
First elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Died.
Vacant March 27, 1937 –
May 11, 1937
Richard Murray Simpson.jpg Richard M. Simpson Republican May 11, 1937 –
January 3, 1945
First elected to finish Focht's term.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Redistricted to the 17th district.
John C. Kunkel.jpg John C. Kunkel Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1951
Redistricted from the 19th district and re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Walter M. Mumma (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg Walter M. Mumma Republican January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
Elected in 1950.
Redistricted to the 16th district.
Richard Murray Simpson.jpg Richard M. Simpson Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 7, 1960
Redistricted from the 17th district and re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.

Re-elected in 1958.
Died.
Vacant January 7, 1960 –
April 26, 1960
Douglas Hemphill Elliott.jpeg Douglas H. Elliot Republican April 26, 1960 –
June 19, 1960
Elected to finish Simpson's term.
Suicide.
Vacant June 19, 1960 –
November 8, 1960
J. Irving Whalley.jpg J. Irving Whalley Republican November 8, 1960 –
January 3, 1963
First elected to finish Elliot's term.
Also elected to the next term in 1960.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
Robert J. Corbett.jpg Robert J. Corbett Republican January 3, 1963 –
April 25, 1971
Redistricted from the 29th district and re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Died.
Vacant April 25, 1971 –
November 2, 1971
John Heinz.jpg H. John Heinz III Republican November 2, 1971 –
January 3, 1977
First elected to finish Corbett's term.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
Doug Walgren.jpg Doug Walgren Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1991
First elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Lost re-election.
Congressman Rick Santorum 1991.jpg Rick Santorum Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1995
First elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Michael F Doyle, Official Portrait, c112th Congress.jpg Michael F. Doyle Democratic January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2003
First elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Redistricted to the 14th district.
Tim Murphy, official portrait 112th Congress.JPG Tim Murphy Republican January 3, 2003 –
October 21, 2017
First elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Resigned.
Vacant October 21, 2017 –
Present

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2005 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°10′14″N 80°01′39″W / 40.17056°N 80.02750°W / 40.17056; -80.02750