Phenylmercuric nitrate

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Phenylmercuric nitrate
Phenylmercuric nitrate.svg
IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.000.221 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 200-242-9
RTECS number
  • OW8400000
UN number 1895
Molar mass 339.702 g/mol
Melting point 176–186 °C (349–367 °F; 449–459 K)
Main hazards Toxic
GHS pictograms GHS05: CorrosiveGHS06: ToxicGHS08: Health hazardGHS09: Environmental hazard
GHS Signal word Danger
H301, H314, H372, H400, H410
P260, P264, P270, P273, P280, P301+310, P301+330+331, P303+361+353, P304+340, P305+351+338, P310, P314, P321, P330, P363, P391, P405, P501
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Phenylmercuric nitrate is an organomercury compound with powerful antiseptic and antifungal effects.[1] It was once commonly used as a topical solution for disinfecting wounds, but as with all organomercury compounds it is highly toxic, especially to the kidneys, and is no longer used in this application. However it is still used in low concentrations as a preservative in eye drops for ophthalmic use, making it one of the few organomercury derivatives remaining in current medical use.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Xu, Y.; He, Y.; Li, X.; Gao, C.; Zhou, L.; Sun, S.; Pang, G. (2013). "Antifungal effect of ophthalmic preservatives phenylmercuric nitrate and benzalkonium chloride on ocular pathogenic filamentous fungi". Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease. 75 (1): 64–7. doi:10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2012.09.008. PMID 23102555.
  2. ^ Kaur, I. P.; Lal, S.; Rana, C.; Kakkar, S.; Singh, H. (2009). "Ocular preservatives: Associated risks and newer options". Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology. 28 (3): 93–103. doi:10.1080/15569520902995834. PMID 19505226.