Pigeon Swamp State Park

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Pigeon Swamp State Park
Pigeon Swamp in January 2006
Pigeon Swamp State Park is located in Middlesex County, New Jersey
Pigeon Swamp State Park
Map of New Jersey
LocationSouth Brunswick, New Jersey
Coordinates40°23′12.8″N 74°28′25.7″W / 40.386889°N 74.473806°W / 40.386889; -74.473806Coordinates: 40°23′12.8″N 74°28′25.7″W / 40.386889°N 74.473806°W / 40.386889; -74.473806[1]
Area1,078 acres (4.36 km2)

Pigeon Swamp State Park is a 1,078-acre (4.36 km2) New Jersey state park located on Deans Rhode Hall Road (Middlesex CR-610) in South Brunswick, in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. It is an undeveloped park, with a mix of habitats including open ponds and uplands hardwood forests. It also includes a good example of an inner coastal plain lowland deciduous hardwood forest.[2] At one time, it was a major nesting site for passenger pigeons before they became extinct.[3] It was declared a National Natural Landmark in December 1976.[4]

The park is located in the Lawrence Brook watershed.


The name of the park came from one of its original owners, Ann Pidgeon, daughter of Jeremiah Basse.[3] It transferred to John Wetheril in 1761. In 1780, the building of the Great Ditch was begun which attempted to drain Pigeon Swamp in order to create farmland.[3] The ditch was maintained by the state until the mid 19th century. In 1945, the Dallenbach Sand Company dredged part of the site, near what is now I-95.[5] The dredged section is clearly visible from Deans Rhode Hall Road as an open area with a large lake. The entire area is fenced off.

As of February 1973, Pigeon Swamp was a 2,600 acres (11 km2) unprotected wetland. In 1974, efforts began to turn it into a state park. The park comprises a large number of land plots, owned by the state of New Jersey and managed by its Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Parks and Forestry.[6] Development continues to occur nearby, although there are attempts to preserve space for historical or environmental reasons.[7][8]

Flora and fauna[edit]

Many instances of sweetgum, red maple, pin oak and black gum trees are visible from the road and trails.[9] In the open meadows, kestrels and red-tailed hawks have been spotted. There are also vernal pools which are heavily used by amphibians[10]


The park is mostly undeveloped land, with no facilities, other than a small parking area. Deer hunting is allowed in the park, so appropriate cautions must be taken during deer season, including wearing Blaze orange clothing.[11]

A certain area of the park is closed off to the general public. It is used as a training facility for large cranes and tractors.The area, which includes a lake, is surrounded by barbed wire fences.


  1. ^
  2. ^ "NJ Wildlife Action Plan: 01/23/08" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. January 23, 2008. p. 350. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
  3. ^ a b c "A History of South Brunswick Township". South Brunswick Public Library. 2001. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
  4. ^ "National Natural Landmark Summary". NPS. Feb 5, 2004. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
  5. ^ Kotun, Maria (2004). South Brunswick. Arcadia Publishing. p. 72. ISBN 978-0-7385-3594-4.
  6. ^ "State Owned Property, Middlesex County" (PDF). New Jersey Treasury. 2007. pp. 12, 13. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
  7. ^ "The Van Dyke Farm (Pulda Farm) - 2006". Preservation NJ. 2006. Retrieved 2009-03-14.[dead link]
  8. ^ "East Village Association Campaign to Save Pulda Farm in South Brunswick". NY NJ Baykeeper. 2004. Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
  9. ^ Cooney, Dr Patrick L (April 17, 2004). "Pigeon Swamp". NYNJCTbotany.org. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
  10. ^ Gaetano, Chris (November 3, 2005). "Walk shows residents natural beauty in S.B." North/South Brunswick Sentinel. Archived from the original on May 15, 2007. Retrieved March 14, 2009.
  11. ^ "Public Deer Hunting Land in New Jersey". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. December 9, 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-14.

External links[edit]