|Alternative names||Nastar, tat nanas, kueh tae, kue nanas|
|Place of origin||Possibly Portugal via Maritime Southeast Asia|
|Associated national cuisine||Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei|
|Main ingredients||Pastry (butter, egg yolk, corn starch), pineapple jam|
Pineapple tart or nanas tart is a small, bite-size pastries filled or topped with pineapple jam, commonly found throughout different parts of Southeast Asia such as Indonesia (kue nastar), Malaysia (Baba Malay: kueh tae or kuih tair, Malay language: kuih tat nanas), Brunei and Singapore in various forms. The origins of the pineapple tart possibly derives from a Portuguese influence back in the 16th century when the pineapple, a fruit native to South America, was introduced by the Portuguese Empire to Asia, specifically the Malay Peninsula. A similar influenced pastry, known as pineapple cake or pineapple pastry, is also found in Taiwan, South Korea and Japan.
The pastry consists of a large proportion of butter and egg yolk, besides using corn starch, giving it a rich, buttery, tender and melt-in-the-mouth texture. The pineapple jam is usually made by slowly reducing and caramelizing grated fresh pineapple that has been mixed with sugar and spices - usually cinnamon, star anise and cloves.
Typical shapes include a flat, open tart topped with pineapple jam under a lattice of pastry, rolls filled with jam that are open at the ends, and jam-filled spheres or elongated shape.
In Indonesia it is called nastar which is contraction of nanas tart (Ananas or pineapple tart), is a popular cookie or kue kering during festive occasions of Lebaran, Natal and Imlek. Just like many of Indonesian kue kering (cookies), it can trace its origin to Dutch influence on Indonesian pastry, cake and cookies tradition.
Most of nastar in Indonesia has round shape with a diameter of about 2 centimetres. The pineapple jam is filled inside instead of spread on top. The cookie is often decorated with small pieces of cloves or raisins on top of it.
Malaysia and Singapore
Considered a "festive cookie", pineapple tarts are especially popular during Hari Raya, Chinese New Year and Deepavali celebrations in Singapore and Malaysia. They are also sold all year round by commercial bakeries and souvenir stores serving tourists.
The Taiwanese version of pineapple tart is known as fènglísū (鳳梨酥). The filling is fully enclosed within a rectangular tart. Generally the taste is sweet due to sugar added. However, many bakers add or even substitute pineapple with winter melon to make the jam less tart as well giving a less fibrous texture to the filling.
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