Plug-in hybrids in New York
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, NYSERDA, is a public benefit corporation created in 1975 under Article 8, Title 9 of the State Public Authorities Law through the reconstitution of the New York State Atomic and Space Development Authority. Their goal is to reduce New York Emissions and create/research new technologies to do so.
NYSERDA has begun a study on the effects of plug-in hybrids on the power grid; plug-in hybrids save a lot of gas around 100 mpg, but plugging them into the grid outs a lot of pressure on the grid and makes it hard and aggravating on the power grid. The study include:
- identification of the base-case scenario of transmission/distribution capacity, assuming no plug-in hybrid vehicles penetration
- identification of several realistic plug-in hybrid vehicles penetration scenarios, including vehicle characteristics and required load support
- identification of grid, environmental, and financial impacts of the various penetration scenarios
- implications of vehicle-to-grid applications - also called "V2G" or reverse charging, or, more technically, utility aggregated load control
Some quotes from workers at these organizations about this study: "Our analysis will develop the definitive assessment of the impact of both introducing and the widespread use of plug-in hybrid vehicles onto the transmission and distribution systems," said Arshad Mansoor, vice president of power delivery and utilization at EPRI. "This grid assessment is another crucial step that will lead to commercialization of plug-in hybrid vehicles," he said, "and NYSERDA deserves a lot of credit for taking this important initiative." 
On August 2, 2006, New York Governor George E. Pataki and State Senate Majority Leader Joseph Bruno announced plans for a new $10-million State program to convert vehicles in the State fleet to plug-in hybrids. Inside the $10 million is 600 state hybrids that will be converted to plug-ins. Also the New York State Alternative Fuel Vehicle Research Laboratory will conduct testing for technologies such as fuel cell systems, alternative fuels, and greenhouse gas reduction technologies. In addition, focus will be given to the public transportation systems to make them more efficient. The first Plug-in hybrid was added to the fleet on December 20, 2006.
- Electric Power Research Institute
- Government incentives for plug-in electric vehicles
- List of modern production plug-in electric vehicles available in the United States
- Plug In America
- Plug-in electric vehicles in California
- Plug-in electric vehicles in the United States
- Plug-in hybrids in the Netherlands
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- Federal Tax Credits For Plug-In Hybrids, Electric Cars: What You Need To Know, The Washington Post, August 2014.
- The Great Debate -- All-Electric Cars vs. Plug-In Hybrids, April 2014.
- Driving Cleaner - More Electric Vehicles Mean Less Pollution, Environment North Carolina Research & Policy Center, June 2014.
- State of the Plug-in Electric Vehicle Market, Electrification Coalition, July 2013.