Pong Su incident
The Pong Su incident began on 16 April 2003 when heroin was smuggled from the Pong Su, a North Korean cargo ship, onto an Australian beach. Australian military special forces subsequently boarded the Pong Su in Australian territorial waters four days later. The ship was suspected of being involved in smuggling almost 125 kilograms (276 lb) of heroin into Australia with an estimated street value of A$160 million.
The Pong Su (봉수호) was a 349-foot (106 m), 3,743-tonne North Korean-owned ocean freighter registered in Tuvalu, a flag of convenience. Three men arrested on shore were convicted of importing heroin; a fourth man from the ship who landed the heroin and was arrested on shore pleaded guilty; the crew were all acquitted and deported; and after being confiscated the ship was destroyed in 2006.
Operation Sorbet was an Australian police international trafficking operation that had been conducting surveillance on two persons who had entered Australia in March 2003 from China and a third person on 9 April from China on tourist visas.
On the night of the 15 April 2003, Australian Federal Police (AFP) conducted surveillance on two persons who rendezvoused with the Pong Su close to shore at Boggaley Creek near the seaside town of Wye River in Victoria and followed them to a nearby hotel. The next morning, the two suspects were apprehended with two packages containing 50 kilograms (110 lb) of pure heroin after leaving the hotel. A third suspect was also arrested later that day in nearby Geelong.
The following day, in a search of the beach at Boggaley Creek, police discovered the body of a man of East Asian appearance covered by seaweed close to a dinghy who had been part of a two man landing party from the Pong Su. The deceased man has never been identified. The dinghy had suffered fuel problems in the surf and had capsized landing the heroin and drowning one of the crew. Victoria Police apprehended the second man from the landing party in the immediate area the same day. He had been unable to get back to his boat and simply remained in the area where the drugs came ashore the night before. The AFP stated that they had been working on Operation Sorbet for several months including with international peers. A further 75 kilograms (165 lb) of heroin in three packages was later discovered buried near Wye River in May 2003 after subsequent searches following coordinates from a seized GPS device. An additional, 25 kilograms (55 lb) package of heroin had been lost during the landing.
On the morning of the 17 April, a Tasmania Police patrol vessel directed the Pong Su to head for Melbourne after it had travelled east entering the Bass Strait. In the afternoon, the Pong Su advised that it would head for Sydney and was directed to head for Eden. New South Wales Police patrol vessels became involved. In the morning of the 18 April, the Pong Su changed direction to the east away from Australia towards international waters at speed with a police vessel having to terminate the pursuit due to rough weather. in the evening, Navy warship HMAS Stuart began tracking the Pong Su. In the morning of the 20 April, after a four-day chase, Stuart intercepted the Pong Su 35 nautical miles (65 km; 40 mi) south east of Newcastle with the Pong Su complying with most directions. Army Special Operations Tactical Assault Group (TAG) operators boarded by simultaneously fast roping onto the deck from a Seahawk helicopter and from climbing the side onto the deck from three rigid hull inflatable boats (RHIBs) with the crew compliant. The Pong Su was secured and brought into port in Sydney. Searches of the ship by Australian authorities revealed it had been modified for long voyages and was carrying enough fuel and provisions to travel around the world without needing to enter a port.
Some 30 men were arrested and detained. It was alleged that the North Korean government was involved in the manufacture and trade of the drugs. The North Korean government stated the ship was a "civilian trading ship" and the ship's owner had no knowledge of the illegal cargo.
The three men arrested on shore pleaded guilty to aiding and abetting the importation of a commercial quantity of heroin. They were sentenced to between 22 and 24 years imprisonment. They were apparently not of North Korean origin (but from Malaysia and Singapore) and not part of the ship's crew. The fourth man from the landing party, who was a Chinese national, pleaded guilty to importing a commercial quantity of heroin.
The captain and crew of the Pong Su were charged with narcotics trafficking. Most significantly, an official of the governing Korean Workers' Party was found on board, linking the drug shipment to Kim Jong-il's government. According to Australian media reports, he had served as senior envoy in North Korea's embassy in China. The Australian Foreign Minister Alexander Downer called in the North Korean Ambassador to lodge a formal protest.
Drug charges were laid against the ship's entire crew. 27 crew members were discharged on 5 March 2004 by a magistrate on the basis that there was insufficient evidence for them to stand trial. While awaiting deportation, the crew were held in Baxter Detention Centre; during which time they were questioned by federal authorities. They were deported from Australia on 24 June 2004.
Four senior crew members were kept in Australia to face a jury trial:
- Choe Dong-song (최동성), 61, the ship's political secretary
- Song Man-seon (송만선), 65, the ship's captain
- Lee Man-jin (이만진), 51, the first officer
- Lee Ju-cheon (이주천), 51, the chief engineer
All four crew members pleaded not guilty at the beginning of their trial in August 2005.
The prosecution case against the four North Korean officers was that they would not have allowed their ship to be stopped in the position it was if they were not aware that the real purpose of their voyage was to smuggle the heroin. The prosecution did not allege any official involvement of the North Korean government, only the officers on board the ship.
Fate of the Pong Su
After capture the ship was brought to Sydney Harbour where it was originally moored at Garden Island naval base. From there it was taken to Snails Bay and moored for over two years, where it was reportedly costing over $2,500 a day for maintenance and security. It was taken to Chowder Bay in early 2006 while authorities decided what to do with it.
Authorities eventually decided to scuttle the ship. On 23 March 2006, in a joint Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) and Royal Australian Navy military exercise, the Pong Su was sunk by two GBU-10 Paveway II laser-guided bombs dropped from RAAF General Dynamics F-111C aircraft. The deliberate destruction of the freighter was said to deliver a strong message to international drug smuggling rings that the Australian Federal Police and Commonwealth Government would take all measures necessary to stop illegal drug importation.
Before the ship was scuttled, its radio was removed and donated to a museum.
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