Pope Benedict II
|Bishop of Rome|
|Papacy began||June 26, 684|
|Papacy ended||May 8, 685|
|Born||Rome, Byzantine Empire|
|Died||May 8, 685 (aged 50)|
Rome, Byzantine Empire
|Feast day||May 7|
|Other popes named Benedict|
Benedict was born in Rome. It is possible that he was a member of the Savelli family, though this is not certain. Sent when young to the schola cantorum, he distinguished himself by his knowledge of the Scriptures and by his singing.
The bishops of Rome were anciently chosen by the clergy and people of Rome, according to the discipline of those times; the Roman emperor was the head of the people, on which account his consent was required. But whilst the emperors resided in Constantinople, this condition produced often long delays and considerable inconveniences. Although chosen in 683, he was not ordained until 684 awaiting the permission of Emperor Constantine IV. According to the Liber Diurnus Romanorum Pontificum, he obtained from the emperor a decree which either abolished imperial confirmations altogether or made them obtainable from the exarch of Ravenna. Benedict symbolically adopted Constantine's sons, Justinian II and Heraclius.
To help to suppress Monothelitism, Benedict endeavoured to secure the subscriptions of the bishops of Hispania to the decrees of the Third Council of Constantinople of 680/1, and to bring about the submission to the decrees of Macarius, the deposed bishop of Antioch. Restorations of numerous churches in Rome are ascribed to the less than a year's pontificate of Benedict II. After a pontificate of about eleven months, Pope Benedict II died on May 8, 685 and was buried in St. Peter's.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Mann, Horace (1907). "Pope St. Benedict II". In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
- Butler, Alban. The Lives of the Saints. 1866
|Catholic Church titles|