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Portal:Education

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Introduction

Lecture at the Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Czech Technical University, in Prague, Czech Republic

Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, however learners may also educate themselves. Education can take place in formal or informal settings and any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. The methodology of teaching is called pedagogy.

Formal education is commonly divided formally into such stages as preschool or kindergarten, primary school, secondary school and then college, university, or apprenticeship.

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A teacher in front of the class
In education, teachers are those who help students or pupils learn, often in a school. The objective is typically a course of study, lesson plan, or a practical skill, including learning and thinking skills. The different ways to teach are often referred to as the teacher's pedagogy. When deciding what teaching method to use, a teacher will need to consider students' background knowledge, environment, and their learning goals as well as standardized curricula as determined by the relevant authority.

Teaching can also be mixed with entertainment. When the term education is combined with entertainment, the term edutainment is coined. Edutainment also called 'e-learning' are new methods and practices that enabled learning in faster, more efficient and more entertaining ways. The idea is usually to combine games with learning, using software or interactive courses.

In many cultures, teaching is referred to as a profession. Arguments for this include the respect that is felt for teachers in some cultures, the existence of a body of specialised professional knowledge, and codes of ethics. Others dispute this appellation because of significant differences with other professions, especially concerning teaching's relatively low status, low salaries, and its lack of power to control entry to the profession. These aspects all vary greatly by culture.

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A kindergarten classroom in Afghanistan.
Credit: Gary Cook, USAID

Kindergarten (German, "children's garden") is a name given in many parts of the world to the earliest stage of a child's structured classroom education. Typically this involves 3-6 year olds. In some places kindergarten is part of a formal public or private school system; in others it may merely refer to nursery school (pre-school) or daycare.

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Selected educator

Maria Montessori (August 31, 1870 – May 6, 1952) was an Italian educator, scientist, physician, philosopher, feminist, and humanitarian, and the first early childhood educator to be nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.

The Montessori Method of education that she derived from this experience has subsequently been applied successfully to children and is quite popular in many parts of the world. Despite much criticism of her method in the early 1930s-1940s, her method of education has been applied and has undergone a revival. It can now be found on six continents and throughout the United States.

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Glossary

Subcategories

Education (book)

Academic institutions: Universities and colleges • Schools (High schools and secondary schools, Middle schools, Primary and elementary schools)


Alternative education: Education reform • Homeschooling • Religious education • Special education


Education by country: Australia • Brazil • Canada • China • France • Germany • India • Israel • Japan • Korea • Nepal • Pakistan • Russia • Scotland • United Kingdom • United States • Ukraine


Education by subject: Chemical • Language • Legal • Mathematics • Medical • Music • Physics • Public health • Science • Vocational


Educators: Educational psychologists • Principals and headteachers • Teachers  • University and college presidents


Educational: Administration • Philosophy • Psychology •


General: History of education

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  • ...that a polymath (also known as a polyhistor) is a person who excels in multiple fields, particularly in both arts and sciences. The most common other term for this phenomenon is Renaissance man?

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Education by country: Australia • Armenia • Brazil • Canada • China • Cuba • Egypt • France • Germany • Hong Kong, China • India • Israel • Japan • Korea • Nepal • Pakistan • Russia • United Kingdom • United States • More...

Education by subject: Agricultural • Art • Bilingual • Chemistry • Hospitality management • Language • Legal • Mathematics • Medical • Military • Music • Peace • Philosophy • Physics • Reading • Religious • Sail • Science • Sex • STEM • Technology • Vocational • More...

Educational stages: Preschool • Kindergarten • Primary • Secondary • Post-secondary (Vocational, Higher education (Tertiary, Quaternary)) • More...

Books: Purdue University

Alternative education: Autodidacticism • Education reform • Gifted education • Homeschooling • Polymath • Religious education • Special education • More...

General topics: Book • List • Glossary • Philosophy • Psychology • Technology • Stubs • More...

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