Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, however learners may also educate themselves. Education can take place in formal or informal settings and any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. The methodology of teaching is called pedagogy.
Formal education is commonly divided formally into such stages as preschool or kindergarten, primary school, secondary school and then college, university, or apprenticeship.
are those who help students
or pupils learn
, often in a school
. The objective is typically a course of study, lesson plan
, or a practical skill, including learning
skills. The different ways to teach are often referred to as the teacher's pedagogy
. When deciding what teaching method to use, a teacher will need to consider students' background knowledge, environment, and their learning goals as well as standardized curricula as determined by the relevant authority.
Teaching can also be mixed with entertainment. When the term education is combined with entertainment, the term edutainment is coined. Edutainment also called 'e-learning' are new methods and practices that enabled learning in faster, more efficient and more entertaining ways. The idea is usually to combine games with learning, using software or interactive courses.
In many cultures, teaching is referred to as a profession. Arguments for this include the respect that is felt for teachers in some cultures, the existence of a body of specialised professional knowledge, and codes of ethics. Others dispute this appellation because of significant differences with other professions, especially concerning teaching's relatively low status, low salaries, and its lack of power to control entry to the profession. These aspects all vary greatly by culture.
Kindergarten (German, "children's garden") is a name given in many parts of the world to the earliest stage of a child's structured classroom education. Typically this involves 3-6 year olds. In some places kindergarten is part of a formal public or private school system; in others it may merely refer to nursery school (pre-school) or daycare.
Maria Montessori (August 31, 1870 – May 6, 1952) was an Italian educator, scientist, physician, philosopher, feminist, and humanitarian, and the first early childhood educator to be nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.
The Montessori Method of education that she derived from this experience has subsequently been applied successfully to children and is quite popular in many parts of the world. Despite much criticism of her method in the early 1930s-1940s, her method of education has been applied and has undergone a revival. It can now be found on six continents and throughout the United States.
||Education, therefore, is a process of living and not a preparation for future living.
Did you know...
- ...that a polymath (also known as a polyhistor) is a person who excels in multiple fields, particularly in both arts and sciences. The most common other term for this phenomenon is Renaissance man?
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Constructivism (learning theory),
Early childhood education,
Philosophy of education,
Coordinate with m:Wikiversity (on Meta; also on Wikibooks),
Coordinate at the Wikipedia:Education noticeboard based upon Wikipedia:Student assignments,
List of community colleges in the United States with campus housing
Princess Nora bint Abdul Rahman University,
Glossary of education-related terms (A-C),
Learning theory (education),
Nursery school (redirect from "Preschool"),
Knowledge Cafe, LogoVisual thinking, Whole language, Reading comprehension, Learning to read,
Year One (education), Year Two, Year Three, Year Four, Year Five, Year Six, Year Seven, Year Eight, Year Nine, Year Ten, Year Eleven, Year Twelve, Edutainment, Four stages of competence, Intellectual giftedness, Hebbian theory,
Applied behavior analysis, Bullying, Charter school, Collegiate Network, Direct instruction, Education reform, Gregg Harris, Theory of multiple intelligences, Youth subculture,
Puerto Rico Schools for the 21st Century,12 California Association of Student Leaders, Test-taking strategies,
Psychology of learning (merge?),
Add sources to Unreferenced BLPs
Community podcast, Basic writing, Interprofessional education
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