The Gibraltar Portal
Location of Gibraltar (dark green)
United Kingdom shown in pale green
Gibraltar ( jih-BRAWL-tər, Spanish: [xiβɾalˈtaɾ]) is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula. It has an area of 6.7 km2 (2.6 sq mi) and is bordered to the north by Spain. The landscape is dominated by the Rock of Gibraltar at the foot of which is a densely populated town area, home to over 32,000 people, primarily Gibraltarians.
In 1704, Anglo-Dutch forces captured Gibraltar from Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession on behalf of the Habsburg claim to the Spanish throne. The territory was ceded to Great Britain in perpetuity under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. During the Napoleonic Wars and World War II it was an important base for the Royal Navy as it controlled the entrance and exit to the Mediterranean Sea, the Strait of Gibraltar, which is only 14.3 km (8.9 mi) wide at this naval choke point. It remains strategically important, with half the world's seaborne trade passing through the strait. Today Gibraltar's economy is based largely on tourism, online gambling, financial services and bunkering.
The sovereignty of Gibraltar is a point of contention in Anglo-Spanish relations because Spain asserts a claim to the territory. Gibraltarians rejected proposals for Spanish sovereignty in a 1967 referendum and, in a 2002 referendum, the idea of shared sovereignty was also rejected. (Full article...)
Selected article -
The Rock of Gibraltar, also known as the Jabel-al-Tariq (named after Berber commander that conquered Spain), is a monolithic limestone promontory located in the territory of Gibraltar, near the southwestern tip of Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. It is 426 m (1,398 ft) high. Most of the Rock's upper area is covered by a nature reserve, which is home to around 300 Barbary macaques. These macaques, as well as a labyrinthine network of tunnels, attract many tourists each year.
The Rock of Gibraltar was one of the two Pillars of Hercules
and was known to the Romans
as Mons Calpe
, the other pillar being Mons Abyla
or Jebel Musa
on the African side of the Strait
. According to ancient myths fostered by the Greeks
and the Phoenicians
, and later perpetuated by the Romans, the two points marked the limit to the known world. Actually, the Phoenicians had sailed beyond this point into the Atlantic, both northward and southward. (Full article...
||Well, Gibraltar is a place which you either love or hate. I quite like it. It's a rock, that is essentially what it is. It's a British colony.
|— Nigel Short, British chess player.
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Selected biography -
Did you know...
- ... that Dorothy Ellicott was the first woman to be elected to two different Gibraltar Councils and was posthumously awarded the Gibraltar Medallion of Honour on Gibraltar National Day 2008?
- ... that in 1939, excavations beneath John Mackintosh Square in Gibraltar for the construction of an air-raid shelter revealed no signs of any foundations, suggesting it has always been an open square?
- ... that capital punishment in Gibraltar was last enforced in 1944 when British hangman Albert Pierrepoint travelled undercover to the territory to hang two young Spanish spies? (25 July 2012, 5,697 views)
- ... that the Gibraltar Museum houses the remains of a 14th-century Moorish bath house, once the private baths of the Governor of Gibraltar during the Marinid dynasty? (26 July 2012, 2,222 views)
- ... that the Europa Point Lighthouse at Gibraltar is the only lighthouse operated by Trinity House on continental Europe outside the United Kingdom? (27 July 2012, 4,122 views)
- ... that Giovanni Battista Calvi was an Italian military engineer who worked on many important Spanish defensive projects in the 1500s, to include those in the now British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar?
The following are images from various Gibraltar-related articles on Wikipedia.
Gibraltar's country identifier is GBZ
The Gibraltar House of Assembly (now the Gibraltar Parliament), established in 1969.
Searchlights on the Rock of Gibraltar during an air raid practice on 20 November 1942
The First Battle of Algeciras (6 July 1801) off Gibraltar, portrayed in Algéciras, 6 Juillet 1801 by Antoine Léon Morel-Fatio
Location of Gibraltar in the far south of the Iberian Peninsula
Spanish border pass for Gibraltarian residents, permitting day visits only.
View across Gibraltar looking north, by Frederick William J. Shore (1883)
Gibraltar Bus Company bus routes (right-click to enlarge).
Timetable on a bus shelter
The 14th-century Tower of Homage, the largest surviving fragment of Gibraltar's Moorish Castle
Veüe du d'Estroit de Gibraltar et des Environs, avec les tranchées du Siège mis en 1704, by Louis Boudan (1704)
North View of Gibraltar from Spanish Lines by John Mace (1782)
"Gibraltar Woman" – a Neanderthal who lived in Gibraltar some 50,000 years ago
The closed gates at the border between Gibraltar and Spain, 1977
Aerial view of Gibraltar as seen in 2011
Special passes were required to enter Gibraltar proper at night, whilst the Spanish civil war was raging 1936.
A map of Gibraltar and its fortifications, drawn in 1799 by Jean-Denis Barbié du Bocage
Annotated satellite view of the Strait of Gibraltar
Charles V Wall, built by the Spanish to control access to the south side of Gibraltar after the pirate raid of September 1540