Portal:Shia Islam

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Shia Islam

Modèle Chiisme

Shia Islam or Shi'ism is one of the two main branches of Islam. It holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor and the Imam (leader) after him, most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm, but was prevented from the caliphate as a result of the incident of Saqifah. This view primarily contrasts with that of Sunni Islam, whose adherents believe that Muhammad did not appoint a successor and consider Abu Bakr, who was appointed caliph by a group of Muslims at Saqifah, to be the first rightful caliph after Muhammad. A person observing Shia Islam is called a Shi'i.

Shia Islam is based on Muhammad's hadith (Ghadir Khumm). Shia consider Ali to have been divinely appointed as the successor to Muhammad, and as the first Imam. The Shia also extend this Imammah to Muhammad's family, the Ahl al-Bayt ("the people/family of the House"), and some individuals among his descendants, known as Imams, who they believe possess special spiritual and political authority over the community, infallibility and other divinely ordained traits. Although there are many Shia subsects, modern Shia Islam has been divided into two main groupings: Twelvers and Ismailis, with Twelver Shia being the largest and most influential group among Shia.

Shia Islam is the second largest branch of Islam: as of the late 2000s, Shia Muslims constituted 10–15% of all Muslims. Twelver Shia is the largest branch of Shia Islam, with 2012 estimates saying that 85% of Shias were Twelvers.

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Mohammad, the prophet of Islam.
"A hopeful sinner is closer to the mercy of Allah than a hopeless worshipper."


  • Mizan al-hikma, Volume 10, Page 504, Tradition 7109.

In the news

2 September 2020 – Capital punishment in Saudi Arabia, aftermath of the 2014 al-Dalwah attack
Saudi Arabia sentences seven ISIL militants to death over a 2014 mass shooting that killed eight Shiite Muslims near the city of al-Ahsa. Three other convicts were given 25-year jail sentences. (Reuters)
16 December 2019 – 2019–20 Lebanese protests
The Lebanese Army clashes with supporters of Hezbollah and Amal Movement in Beirut. The Shiite Islamists were attempting to attack an anti-government protester camp in Martyrs' Square. (Reuters)
7 December 2019 – 2019 Iraqi protests
A drone attacks the home of prominent Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, leaving no casualties and causing minimal damage. The attack follows yesterday's incident in Baghdad when multiple protesters were fired upon and killed. (Reuters)
16 November 2019 – Iran–United States relations, Iran–Saudi Arabia relations, Egypt–Iran relations, Iran–United Arab Emirates relations, Bahrain–Iran relations, Shia–Sunni relations
United States Air Force Chief of Staff David Goldfein asks Gulf States to be united amid rising tensions with Iran as Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain and Egypt have divided opinions with Qatar. (Reuters)
29 October 2019 – October 2019 Iraqi protests
Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, who heads the current ruling bloc, calls on the opposition to help him introduce a motion of no confidence against Prime Minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi. (Reuters)
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