The history of Sesame Street
began with its conception in 1966 during discussions between television producer Joan Ganz Cooney
and Carnegie Corporation
vice president Lloyd Morrisett
. Their goal was to create a children's television show
that would "master the addictive qualities of television and do something good with them", such as helping young children prepare for school. After two years of research, the newly formed Children's Television Workshop
(CTW) received a combined grant of $8 million
from the Carnegie Corporation, the Ford Foundation
, and the U.S. federal government to create and produce a new children's television show. Sesame Street
premiered on November 10, 1969. Featuring animation, live shorts
, humor, celebrity appearances, and Jim Henson
such as Big Bird (star pictured)
, it was the first television program of its kind to base its contents and production values on laboratory and formative research, and the first to include a curriculum "detailed or stated in terms of measurable outcomes". Initial responses to the show included adulatory reviews, some controversy, and high ratings
. By its 40th anniversary in 2009, Sesame Street
was broadcast in over 120 countries, and 20 independent international versions had been produced.
The Kaknäs tower (Swedish: Kaknästornet) is a TV tower in Gärdet in Stockholm, Sweden. It has 72 pillars. The tower is a major hub of Swedish television, radio and satellite broadcasts. It was finished in 1967, designed by architect Bengt Lindroos, and the height is 155 metres (509 ft) or 170 metres (560 ft) with the antenna included. The tower is owned by the national Swedish broadcasting company Teracom. The tower's name comes from the ancient name of the area, Kaknäs.