Portal:Ulan Bator

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Now we have more than 100 articles about the Mongolian capital.

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Ulan Bator /ˌlɑːn ˈbɑːtər/ or Ulaanbaatar (Mongolian: Улаанбаатар, [ʊɮɑːŋ.bɑːtʰɑ̆r], Ulaγanbaγatur, literally "Red Hero") is the capital and by far the largest city of Mongolia. An independent municipality, the city is not part of any province, and its population as of 2008 is over one million.

Located in north central Mongolia, the city lies at an elevation of about 1,310 metres (4,300 ft) in a valley on the Tuul River. It is the cultural, industrial, and financial heart of the country. It is the centre of Mongolia's road network, and is connected by rail to both the Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia and the Chinese railway system.

The city was founded in 1639 as a movable (nomadic) Buddhist monastic centre. In 1778 it settled permanently at its present location, the junction of the Tuul and Selbe rivers. Before that it changed location twenty-eight times, with each location being chosen ceremonially. In the twentieth century, Ulan Bator grew into a major manufacturing centre.

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The New Ulaanbaatar International Airport, or the Khöshigt Valley Airport (Mongolian: Хөшигтийн хөндийн нисэх буудал) is a new international airport presently under construction in 52 km from Ulaanbaatar city center in Sergelen sum, Töv Province, Mongolia. It will serve Ulaanbaatar and its metropolitan area. The airport is designed with the capacity of up to three million passengers per year, and has ability and space for a possible future expansion of up to twelve million passengers yearly. It will also be equipped with 24 hour all-weather air traffic control system. It is assumed that on average, the airport will take roughly 2.5 million passengers annually. In comparison,the current airport: Chinggis Khaan International Airport, the largest airport in Mongolia, serves about 900,000 passengers per year (2011 figures). Cargo capacity is set to increase 10-fold. There will be 2 runways, road and rail terminal, next - a city with a population of about 100 thousand people. Design capacity - 1,100 passengers per hour.

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A 1913 panorama of Urga. The large circular compound in the middle is the Zuun Khuree temple-palace complex. The Gandan temple complex is to the left. The palaces of the Bogd are to the south of the river. To the far bottom right of the painting is the Maimaicheng district. To its left are the white buildings of the Russian consulate area. The Manjusri monastery can be seen on Mount Bogd Khan Uul at the bottom-right of the painting

Image credit: Jugder

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