Uruguay ( ( listen); Spanish pronunciation: [uɾuˈɣwai̯]), officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (Spanish: República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America. It borders Argentina to its west and Brazil to its north and east, with the Río de la Plata (River of Silver) to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast. Uruguay is home to an estimated 3.44 million people, of whom 1.8 million live in the metropolitan area of its capital and largest city, Montevideo. With an area of approximately 176,000 square kilometres (68,000 sq mi), Uruguay is geographically the second-smallest nation in South America, after Suriname.
Uruguay was inhabited by the Charrúa people for approximately 4,000 years before the Portuguese established Colonia del Sacramento in 1680; Uruguay was colonized by Europeans relatively late compared with neighboring countries. Montevideo was founded as a military stronghold by the Spanish in the early 18th century, signifying the competing claims over the region. Uruguay won its independence between 1811 and 1828, following a four-way struggle between Spain, Portugal, and later Argentina and Brazil. It remained subject to foreign influence and intervention throughout the 19th century, with the military playing a recurring role in domestic politics, culminating in a 1973 coup, which established a civic-military dictatorship. The military government persecuted leftists, socialists, and political opponents, resulting in several deaths and numerous instances of torture by the military; the military relinquished power to a civilian government in 1985. Uruguay is today a democratic constitutional republic, with a president who serves as both head of state and head of government.
Credit: E. F. Burney (painter)
The Battle of Montevideo (1807)
was a battle between the British Empire
and the Spanish Empire
during the Napoleonic Wars, in which British forces captured the city of Montevideo
. It formed part of the British invasions of the River Plate
In the early morning of February 3, 1807, 3,000 British troops under Brigadier General Sir Samuel Auchmuty attacked the city of Montevideo. The city's capture was preceded, on 20 January, by an action outside the town, the Battle of Cardal, in which the Rifle corps, 95th Foot (later the Rifle Brigade), especially distinguished itself by an outflanking movement which turned the tide of the battle in favour of the British. About 800 local combatants, mostly non-professional soldiers, became casualties, of whom about 200 were killed. Total British casualties were about 70 killed and wounded.
Carlos Páez Vilaró (1 November 1923 – 24 February 2014) was a renowned Uruguayan abstract artist, painter, potter, sculptor, muralist, writer, composer and constructor. Born in Montevideo, Uruguay, in 1923, he took up drawing in 1939 and relocated to Buenos Aires, where he worked as a printing apprentice in the industrial Barracas section of the Argentine capital. Returning to Montevideo in the late 1940s, he developed an interest in Afro-Uruguayan culture. ...
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The Uruguay storm of April 2016 was a strong tornado that swept across southwestern Uruguay on April 15, 2016, striking the city of Dolores, destroying buildings and machinery. Four people were reported dead and left more than 200 injured. Uruguay declared a state of emergency afterwards and was later rated an F2 tornado.
Below are the main subcategories of Category Uruguay:
For the fully expanded tree of Uruguay Categorization, see the Uruguay categorization tree.
Did you know
- ...that rugby union in Uruguay is a major sport, and that they have qualified for the Rugby World Cup?
- ...that Uruguay is a major importer/exporter of Software in South America?
- ...that Uruguay is the most politically and economically stable country in Latin America?
- ...that the Human Resources consulting has declared Montevideo one of the cities with the highest quality of life?
- ...that Colonia del Sacramento is designated as a World Heritage Site?
- ...that Uruguay was ranked an all-time high 3rd in the FIFA rankings after finishing 4th in the 2010 world cup while Diego Forlan claimed golden ball for the best player in the tournament. They repeated their success by winning the Copa America the following year in 2011, beating hosts Argentina in the quarter-finals and then going on to win the finals against Paraguay.
- ...that Uruguay hosted the first ever FIFA World Cup in 1930, which they won after beating Argentina in the finals 4-2.
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