Portal:Yukon

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Yukon (/ˈjuːkɒn/ (About this soundlisten); French: [jykɔ̃]; also commonly called the Yukon) is the smallest and westernmost of Canada's three federal territories (the other two are the Northwest Territories and Nunavut). It has the smallest population of any province or territory in Canada, with 35,874 people. Whitehorse is the territorial capital and Yukon's only city.

Yukon was split from the Northwest Territories in 1898 and was originally named the Yukon Territory. The federal government's Yukon Act, which received royal assent on March 27, 2002, established Yukon as the territory's official name, though Yukon Territory is also still popular in usage and Canada Post continues to use the territory's internationally approved postal abbreviation of YT. Though officially bilingual (English and French), the Yukon Government also recognizes First Nations languages.

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The History of Yukon begins with disputed evidence of the oldest remains of human inhabitation in North America. A large number of apparently human-modified animal bones were discovered in the Old Crow area in the northern Yukon that have been dated to 25,000–40,000 years ago by carbon dating. The central and northern Yukon were not glaciated, as they were part of Beringia.

European incursions into what later became the Yukon started in the first half of the nineteenth century with the fur trade. Hudson's Bay Company explorers and traders from Mackenzie River trading posts used two different routes to enter Yukon and created trading posts along the way. The northern route started in Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories along the Mackenzie River, crossed the mountains into the Bell and Porcupine Rivers to the Yukon River. The southern route started at Fort Liard, Northwest Territories, then westward along the Liard River to Frances Lake and then along the Pelly River to its juncture with Yukon River.

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Keish (c. 1855 – July 11, 1916), better known by his English name Skookum Jim Mason, was a member of the Tagish First Nation in what became the Yukon Territory of Canada. He was born close to Bennett Lake. Skookum Jim Mason was born to a Tahltan woman in the Telegraph Creek area, which under matrilineal society made him Tahltan. He lived in Carcross, Yukon.

In the mid 1880s, he worked as a packer over the Chilkoot Pass carrying supplies for miners, where he earned his Skookum nickname because of his extraordinary strength. Skookum means "strong", "big" and "reliable" in the Chinook Jargon and regional English as used in the Pacific Northwest.

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Alaska–Yukon–Pacific Exposition panoramic photograph, 1909.

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WikiProject Canadian Territories
The Canadian Territories WikiProject is the group that oversees Yukon related topics.

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