President of the Council of Ministers of the Mexican Empire

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President of the Council of Ministers of the Mexican Empire[1], First Minister[2], or Chancellor[3] was an institutional figure that existed in two moments of the national history of Mexico during the First Mexican Empire since 1822 to 1823 by Agustín de Iturbide and the Second Mexican Empire since 1864 to 1867 by Maximilian of Habsburg.

First Minister of the Mexican Empire
Sello de Gobierno del Primer Imperio Mexicano.svg
StatusHead of Government
ResidenceMexico City, Mexican Empire
SeatChapultepec Castle
AppointerEmperor of Mexico (1822–1823, 1864–1867)
Term lengthNo term length
FormationMay 19, 1822
First holderJosé Manuel de Herrera
Final holderSantiago Vidaurri
AbolishedJune 19, 1867

Appointment[edit]

The president of the Council of Ministers was appointed by the emperor and had to be ratified by Congress in the case of the First Mexican Empire[4]. The president of the Council holds the presidency of the Council although he may also be the holder of a Ministry of State, mainly the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The other ministers were appointed by the emperor directly. For the validity of the norms and decrees issued by the emperor, the signatures of the prime minister and of the ministers of the portfolios related to the matter of such are necessary; Government acts that lack ministerial endorsement in a constitutional system are null.

Former holders of the title[edit]

Parties[5]
# Name Portrait Monarch Took office Left office Party
1 José Manuel de Herrera José de Herrera.jpg Agustin I May 19, 1822 March 19, 1823 Liberal Party
2 José María Lacunza José Lacunza.jpg Maximilian I June 13, 1864 October 6, 1866 Liberal Party
3 Teodosio Lares Teodosio Lares left.jpg Maximilian I October 7, 1866 March 18, 1867 Conservative Party
4 Santiago Vidaurri Santiago Vidaurri.jpg March 19, 1867 June 19, 1867 Conservative Party


References[edit]

  1. ^ COVARRUBIAS José de Jesús, "Enciclopedia Política de México: Tomo V, Dirigentes Ancestrales, Coloniales y del México Independiente Siglos VII-XXI", Edit.Instituto Belisario Domínguez, 2010
  2. ^ Porvenir De México y Juicio Sobre Su Estado Político En 1821 Y 1851, Volumen1 Por Luis Gonzaga Cuevas
  3. ^ Cancilleres de México, SRE[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Varios Autores: México. Crisis Imperial e Independencia. Tomo I (1808–1830). TAURUS
  5. ^ Covarruvias José, Enciclopedia Política de México, TOMO IV, Edit. Belisario Domínguez. 2010