Prince Leopold, Duke of Brabant

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Prince Leopold
Duke of Brabant
Леопольд Фердинанд Бельгийский.jpg
Prince Leopold
Born(1859-06-12)12 June 1859
Royal Castle of Laeken, Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Died22 January 1869(1869-01-22) (aged 9)
Royal Castle of Laeken, Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Full name
French: Léopold Ferdinand Élie Victor Albert Marie
Dutch: Leopold Ferdinand Elias Viktor Albert Maria
HouseSaxe-Coburg and Gotha
FatherLeopold II of Belgium
MotherMarie Henriette of Austria
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Prince Leopold of Belgium, Duke of Brabant, Count of Hainaut (12 June 1859 – 22 January 1869), was the second child and only son of King Leopold II of Belgium and his wife, Marie Henriette of Austria, and heir apparent to the Belgian throne.


Belgian Royalty
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Great coat of arms of Belgium.svg
Leopold I
Leopold II
Albert I
Leopold III
Albert II
Prince Leopold with his mother, Marie Henriette in 1864.

At birth, Leopold was styled Count of Hainaut, as the eldest son of the then-crown prince. At the time of his birth, his grandfather Leopold, formerly a Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was the reigning king of Belgium.

Leopold was preceded in birth by one sister, Princess Louise, and followed by two more sisters, Princess Stéphanie, and Princess Clémentine, who was born after Leopold's death, their parents' last hope for another son.

Leopold became Duke of Brabant in 1865, upon the death of his grandfather and the ascension of his father to the throne.


The death of Prince Leopold

Leopold died at Laeken or Brussels on 22 January 1869 from pneumonia, after falling into a pond.

At his son's funeral, King Leopold II "broke down in public, collapsing to his knees beside the coffin and sobbing uncontrollably."[1] Prince Leopold's body was interred at the royal vault at the Church of Our Lady of Laeken in Brussels.

Leopold's premature death left his father with only two daughters remaining: Princess Louise and Princess Stéphanie. After their son's death, Leopold and Marie Henriette tried to have another child, hoping for a son. After the birth of yet another daughter, Clémentine, in 1872, the couple abandoned all hopes of ever having another son and their already strained marriage broke down completely.

Upon his death in 1909, Leopold II was succeeded by his nephew, Albert I, whose eldest son would later succeed him as Leopold III.

Titles, styles and honours[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 12 June 1859 – 10 December 1865: His Royal Highness The Count of Hainaut, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony
  • 10 December 1865 – 22 January 1869 : His Royal Highness The Duke of Brabant, Count of Hainaut, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony




  1. ^ Hochschild, Adam (1999). King Leopold's Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa. USA: Mariner Books. ISBN 0-618-00190-5.
  2. ^ "Toison Espagnole (Spanish Fleece) - 19th century" (in French), Chevaliers de la Toison D'or. Retrieved 2018-08-09.
Prince Leopold, Duke of Brabant
Born: 12 June 1859 Died: 22 January 1869
Belgian royalty
New title Count of Hainaut
Title next held by
Preceded by
Leopold II
Duke of Brabant
Title next held by
Leopold III