Progress MS-16

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Progress MS-16
Expedition 63 Progress 76 Docking.jpg
Docking of Progress 76P
NamesProgress 77P
Mission typeISS resupply
OperatorRoscosmos
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftProgress MS-16
Spacecraft typeProgress-MS
ManufacturerEnergia
Launch mass7000 kg
Start of mission
Launch date15 February 2021 04:45(planned) [1][2][3]
RocketSoyuz-2.1a
Launch siteBaikonur, Site 31
ContractorProgress Rocket Space Centre
End of mission
DisposalDeorbited (planned)
Decay dateJune 2021 (planned)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit
RegimeLow Earth orbit
Inclination51.65°
Docking with ISS
Docking portPoisk Zenith
Docking dateFebruary 2021 06:19 (planned)
Undocking dateJune 2021 (planned)
Progress ISS Resupply
 

Progress MS-16 (Russian: Прогресс МC-16), Russian production No. 445, identified by NASA as Progress 77P, is a Progress spacecraft launched by Roscosmos to resupply the International Space Station (ISS). This will be the 168th flight of a Progress spacecraft.

History[edit]

The Progress-MS is a uncrewed freighter based on the Progress-M featuring improved avionics. This improved variant first launched on 21 December 2015. It has the following improvements:[4][5][6][7]

  • New external compartment that enables it to deploy satellites. Each compartment can hold up to four launch containers. First time installed on Progress MS-03.
  • Enhanced redundancy thanks to the addition of a backup system of electrical motors for the docking and sealing mechanism.
  • Improved Micrometeoroid (MMOD) protection with additional panels in the cargo compartment.
  • Luch Russian relay satellites link capabilities enable telemetry and control even when not in direct view of ground radio stations.
  • GNSS autonomous navigation enables real time determination of the status vector and orbital parameters dispensing with the need of ground station orbit determination.
  • Real time relative navigation thanks to direct radio data exchange capabilities with the space station.
  • New digital radio that enables enhanced TV camera view for the docking operations.
  • The Ukrainian Chezara Kvant-V on board radio system and antenna/feeder system has been replaced with a Unified Command Telemetry System (UCTS).
  • Replacement of the Kurs A with Kurs NA digital system.

Launch[edit]

A Soyuz-2.1a will launch Progress MS-16 to the International Space Station from Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 31 on 15 February 2020 on a fast-track trajectory.[1][2][3] Around 3 hours 20 minutes after the launch, Progress MS-16 will automatically dock to Russian Orbital Segment of ISS, where it is expected to remain until June 2021.

Cargo[edit]

The Progress MS-16 spacecraft is loaded with 0 kg (0 lb) of cargo, with 0 kg (0 lb) of this being dry cargo.

  • Dry cargo: 0 kg (0 lb)
  • Fuel: 0 kg (0 lb)
  • Oxygen: 0 kg (0 lb)
  • Water: 0 kg (0 lb)

Undocking and decay[edit]

The Progress MS-16 is scheduled to remain docked at the station through June 2021, when it will depart with trash and re-enter the Earth's atmosphere for destruction over the South Pacific Ocean.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Launch Schedule". Spaceflight Now. 31 August 2020. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Progress MS-16". NextSpaceflight. 1 September 2020. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Progress 77P (MS-16)". SpaceLaunchNow. 1 December 2020.
  4. ^ Krebs, Gunter (1 December 2015). "Progress-MS 01-19". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  5. ^ "Progress MS-16". NASA. 14 May 2020. Retrieved 2 October 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  6. ^ Zak, Anatoly (1 December 2015). "Progress-MS". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  7. ^ Blau, Patrick (1 December 2015). "Progress MS Spacecraft". Spaceflight101. Retrieved 17 November 2020.