Progress MS-16

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Progress MS-16
Expedition 63 Progress 76 Docking.jpg
Docking of Progress 76P
NamesProgress 77P
Mission typeISS resupply
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftProgress MS-16
Spacecraft typeProgress-MS
Launch mass7000 kg
Start of mission
Launch date15 February 2021 04:45(planned) [1][2][3]
Launch siteBaikonur, Site 31
ContractorProgress Rocket Space Centre
End of mission
DisposalDeorbited (planned)
Decay dateJune 2021 (planned)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit
RegimeLow Earth orbit
Docking with ISS
Docking portPoisk Zenith
Docking dateFebruary 2021 06:19 (planned)
Undocking dateJune 2021 (planned)
Progress ISS Resupply

Progress MS-16 (Russian: Прогресс МC-16), Russian production No. 445, identified by NASA as Progress 77P, is a Progress spacecraft launched by Roscosmos to resupply the International Space Station (ISS). This will be the 168th flight of a Progress spacecraft.


The Progress-MS is a uncrewed freighter based on the Progress-M featuring improved avionics. This improved variant first launched on 21 December 2015. It has the following improvements:[4][5][6][7]

  • New external compartment that enables it to deploy satellites. Each compartment can hold up to four launch containers. First time installed on Progress MS-03.
  • Enhanced redundancy thanks to the addition of a backup system of electrical motors for the docking and sealing mechanism.
  • Improved Micrometeoroid (MMOD) protection with additional panels in the cargo compartment.
  • Luch Russian relay satellites link capabilities enable telemetry and control even when not in direct view of ground radio stations.
  • GNSS autonomous navigation enables real time determination of the status vector and orbital parameters dispensing with the need of ground station orbit determination.
  • Real time relative navigation thanks to direct radio data exchange capabilities with the space station.
  • New digital radio that enables enhanced TV camera view for the docking operations.
  • The Ukrainian Chezara Kvant-V on board radio system and antenna/feeder system has been replaced with a Unified Command Telemetry System (UCTS).
  • Replacement of the Kurs A with Kurs NA digital system.


A Soyuz-2.1a will launch Progress MS-16 to the International Space Station from Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 31 on 15 February 2020 on a fast-track trajectory.[1][2][3] Around 3 hours 20 minutes after the launch, Progress MS-16 will automatically dock to Russian Orbital Segment of ISS, where it is expected to remain until June 2021.


The Progress MS-16 spacecraft is loaded with 0 kg (0 lb) of cargo, with 0 kg (0 lb) of this being dry cargo.

  • Dry cargo: 0 kg (0 lb)
  • Fuel: 0 kg (0 lb)
  • Oxygen: 0 kg (0 lb)
  • Water: 0 kg (0 lb)

Undocking and decay[edit]

The Progress MS-16 is scheduled to remain docked at the station through June 2021, when it will depart with trash and re-enter the Earth's atmosphere for destruction over the South Pacific Ocean.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Launch Schedule". Spaceflight Now. 31 August 2020. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Progress MS-16". NextSpaceflight. 1 September 2020. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Progress 77P (MS-16)". SpaceLaunchNow. 1 December 2020.
  4. ^ Krebs, Gunter (1 December 2015). "Progress-MS 01-19". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  5. ^ "Progress MS-16". NASA. 14 May 2020. Retrieved 2 October 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  6. ^ Zak, Anatoly (1 December 2015). "Progress-MS". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  7. ^ Blau, Patrick (1 December 2015). "Progress MS Spacecraft". Spaceflight101. Retrieved 17 November 2020.