Ranks of the Grande Armée

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ranks of the Grande Armée describes the military ranks and the rank insignia used in Napoleon's Grande Armée. Officers and the most senior non-commissioned rank had rank insignia in the form of epaulettes, sergeants and corporals in the form of stripes or chevrons on the sleeves.

Infantry and artillery[edit]

Gold (yellow) or silver (white) were used in accordance with the metal of the uniform buttons of the regiment. Officers of regiments with gold buttons used gold epaulettes, those with silver buttons wore silver epaulettes. The epaulettes of majors were of contrary metal; gold buttons, silver epaulets etc. Generals and field officers used bullion fringes.

Designation Generals
0MarechalFR-ImpFrArmy.jpg0MarechalFR-ImpFrArmy.jpg Epaulette-general-empire-crop.jpgEpaulette-general-empire-crop.jpg Gen.Div-ImpFrArmy.jpgGen.Div-ImpFrArmy.jpg
Rank designation Maréchal de France Général de division Général de brigade
Designation Field officers
Colonel-ImpFrArmy.jpg Colonel-ImpFrArmy.jpg Magg-ImpFrArmy.jpgMagg-ImpFrArmy.jpg Epaulettes chef de bataillon.svg
Rank designation Colonel
Colonel en second =
with a stripe in the center
Major en second =
with a stripe in the center
Chef de bataillon
Designation Company officers
Epaulette capitaine adjudant major.svg Epaulette capitaine.svg Epaulettes lieutenant premiere classe armee Napoleonienne.svg Epaulettes lieutenant seconde classe armee Napoleonienne.svg Epaulette sous-lieutenant premiere classe armee Napoleonienne.svg Epaulettes sous-lieutenant seconde classe armee Napoleonienne.svg
Rank designation Capitaine adjudant major Capitaine Lieutenant Lieutenant
Sous-lieutenant Sous-lieutenant
Designation Non-commissioned officers and corporals
Chevrons or stripes depended on the form of the regimental cuffs.
Epaulette adjudant sous-officier armee Napoleonienne.svg Epaulette sous-lieutenant premiere classe armee Napoleonienne.svg Serg.M-ImpFrArmy.png Serg-ImpFrArmy.png Serg-ImpFrArmy.png
Rank designation Adjudant sous-officier Adjudant sous-officier
version of 1808
Sergent-major Sergent Caporal-fourrier Caporal

Sources: [1][2] [3]

Cavalry and train[edit]

  • Colonel
  • Colonel en second
  • Major
  • Major en second
  • Chef d'escadron
  • Capitaine
  • Lieutenant
  • Sous-lieutenant
  • Adjudant sous-officier
  • Maréchal des logis-chef
  • Maréchal des logis
  • Brigadier-fourrier
  • Brigadier

[1] [4]

Physicians, surgeons, and pharmacists[edit]

Physician Surgeons Pharmacists
Médecin en chef Chirurgien en chef -
Médecin major Chirurgien major Pharmacien major
Médecin aide major Chirurgien aide major Pharmacien aide major
- Chirurgien sous aide major Pharmacien sous aide major

Source: [5]

Good conduct badges[edit]

Sergeants, corporals and privates were issued good conduct and long service badges, galons d'ancienneté in the form of chevron on the upper left arm of the uniform coat; one chevron for ten years service, two for 15 years service, three for 20 years service. The chevrons were officially of red cloth for all ranks, except caporal-fourriers who were issued chevrons in yellow or white cloth (depending on the metal colour), as a replacement for the stripe that denoted his rank. In reality, however, the sergeants used chevrons in yellow or white.[6]

Sergent-major with 15 years service Sergent with 15 years service Caporal-fourrier with ten years service Caporal with ten years service


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "1812 год. Французская армия – командный состав" (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  2. ^ "пехотные знаки различия (таблица Якуба Самека)" (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  3. ^ Военные чины и знаки различия армии Наполеона 2019-04-03.
  4. ^ a b "14th French Hussar Regiment, 1813". Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  5. ^ Sandeau, Jaques. "La santé aux armées". Histoire des deux empires (in French). Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  6. ^ "Les chevrons d'ancienneté" (in French). Retrieved 2018-05-06.