Ravno, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Ravno

Равно
Ravno
Ravno
Location of Ravno within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Location of Ravno within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Coordinates: 42°53′N 17°58′E / 42.883°N 17.967°E / 42.883; 17.967
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityFederation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
CantonHerzegovina-Neretva
Government
 • Municipality presidentAndrija Šimunović (HDZ BiH)
Area
 • Total286 km2 (110 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Total3,328
 • Density11,6/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)+387 36

Ravno is a village and municipality located in Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Ravno was a separate county until 1963, when it became a part of the Trebinje municipality. In 1994, the border changed and Ravno became a municipality again. This time however, part of the frontier lands of Trebinje municipality were added as part of Ravno. When Ravno inherited part of the former Trebinje municipality it had an area of 447 km2 (173 sq mi). These added borderlands went under the title Travunian Marches (Trebinjska Krajina) and were mostly inhabited by Serbs. The settlement of Ivanica has an unobstructed view of the Adriatic sea.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Population of settlements – Ravno municipality
Settlement 1961. 1971. 1981. 1991. 2013.
Total 1,771 1,503 3,328
1 Ivanica 166 139
2 Ravno 549 364 198 597
3 Trebimlja 272 704
4 Trnčina 123 265
5 Velja Međa 77 203

Ethnic composition[edit]

Ethnic composition – Ravno town
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 597 (100,0%) 198 (100,0%) 364 (100,0%) 549 (100,0%)
Croats 584 (97,82%) 173 (87,37%) 306 (84,07%) 472 (85,97%)
Serbs 10 (1,675%) 16 (8,081%) 41 (11,26%) 72 (13,11%)
Others 3 (0,503%) 3 (1,515%) 3 (0,824%)
Yugoslavs 5 (2,525%) 12 (3,297%)
Bosniaks 1 (0,505%) 2 (0,549%) 1 (0,182%)
Montenegrins 4 (0,729%)
Ethnic composition – Ravno municipality
2013. 1991.
Total 3,328 (100,0%) 1,503 (100,0%)
Croats 2,633 (81,80%) 776 (51,63%)
Serbs 558 (17,33%) 678 (45,11%)
Bosniaks 20 (0,621%) 21 (1,397%)
Others 8 (0,249%) 13 (0,865%)
Yugoslavs 15 (0,998%)


Settlements[edit]

Baljivac, Belenići, Bobovišta, Cicrina, Čavaš, Čopice, Čvaljina, Dvrsnica, Glavska, Golubinac, Gorogaše, Grebci, Ivanica, Kalađurđevići, Kijev Do, Kutina, Nenovići, Nevada, Orahov Do, Podosoje, Požarno, Prosjek, Ravno, Rupni Do, Slavogostići, Slivnica Bobani, Slivnica Površ, Sparožići, Šćenica Bobani, Trebimlja, Trnčina, Uskoplje, Velja Međa, Vlaka, Vukovići, Začula, Zagradinje, Zaplanik and Zavala, and parts of settlements: Baonine, Orašje Popovo and Rapti Bobani.

Ravno during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Ravno was first attacked in early October 1991 by JNA forces, which levelled the village on the way to attack Dubrovnik in the Croatian War of Independence.

Ravno again suffered heavy damage during the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina, when the majority of villages were destroyed. The area around Ravno was used as a corridor from where Dubrovnik county in Croatia was continuously attacked.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°53′N 17°58′E / 42.883°N 17.967°E / 42.883; 17.967