Rayleigh and Wickford (UK Parliament constituency)

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Rayleigh and Wickford
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Rayleigh and Wickford in Essex
Outline map
Location of Essex within England
CountyEssex
Electorate76,089 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlementsHawkwell, Hockley, Rayleigh and Wickford
Current constituency
Created2010
Member of ParliamentMark Francois (Conservative Party)
Number of membersOne
Created fromRayleigh

Rayleigh and Wickford is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation by Mark Francois, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

The seat was created for the 2010 general election following a review of the Parliamentary representation of Essex by the Boundary Commission for England. It was formed from the majority of the abolished constituency of Rayleigh, together with the town of Wickford, previously in the abolished constituency of Billericay.

Francois was previously Member of Parliament for Rayleigh.

Boundaries[edit]

  • The Borough of Basildon wards of Wickford Castledon, Wickford North, and Wickford Park
  • The District of Rochford wards of Ashingdon and Canewdon, Downhall and Rawreth, Grange, Hawkwell North, Hawkwell South, Hawkwell West, Hockley Central, Hockley North, Hockley West, Hullbridge, Lodge, Rayleigh Central, Sweyne Park, Trinity, Wheatley and Whitehouse.[2]

Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission[edit]

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they did not come into effect for the 2019 election which took place on 12 December 2019, which was contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.

The Commission has recommended that the ward of Ashingdon and Canewdon be transferred to the Rochford and Southend East constituency.[3]

Constituency profile[edit]

This small-town studded portion of rural Essex reaches out almost as far as the North Sea beside Rochford and has income levels on average slightly above the national average, low unemployment[4] and little social housing.[5][6]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[7] Party
2010 Mark Francois Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General election 2019: Rayleigh and Wickford[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Mark Francois 39,864 72.6 +5.9
Labour David Flack 8,864 16.1 -8.2
Liberal Democrats Ron Tindall 4,171 7.6 +4.8
Green Paul Thorogood 2,002 3.6 +1.7
Majority 31,000 56.5 +14.1
Turnout 54,901 69.5 -0.9
Conservative hold Swing +7.0


General election 2017: Rayleigh and Wickford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Mark Francois 36,914 66.7 +12.1
Labour Mark Daniels 13,464 24.3 +11.7
UKIP Peter Smith 2,326 4.2 -18.1
Liberal Democrats Ron Tindall 1,557 2.8 -0.2
Green Paul Hill 1,062 1.9 -1.0
Majority 23,450 42.4 +10.0
Turnout 55,323 70.4 +2.1
Conservative hold Swing +0.2
General election 2015: Rayleigh and Wickford[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Mark Francois 29,088 54.7 −3.1
UKIP John Hayter[10] 11,858 22.3 +18.1
Labour David Hough 6,705 12.6 −1.9
Independent Linda Kendall[11] 2,418 4.5 N/A
Liberal Democrats Mike Pitt[12] 1,622 3.0 −12.1
Green Sarah Yapp[13] 1,529 2.9 N/A
Majority 17,230 32.4 -10.3
Turnout 53,220 68.3 +2.4
Conservative hold Swing −10.6
General election 2010: Rayleigh and Wickford[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Mark Francois* 30,257 57.8 +3.9
Liberal Democrats Susan Gaszczak 7,919 15.1 −0.3
Labour Michael Le Surf 7,577 14.5 -12.0
English Democrat John Hayter 2,219 4.2 +4.2
UKIP Tino Callaghan 2,211 4.2 +0.1
BNP Tony Evennett 2,160 4.1 +4.1
Majority 22,338 42.7 +15.3
Turnout 50,132 65.9
Conservative hold Swing +8.0
* Served as an MP in the 2005–2010 Parliament

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-11.
  3. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review (September 2018). "Final recommendations report" (PDF).
  4. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  5. ^ "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk.
  6. ^ "2011 census interactive maps". Archived from the original on January 29, 2016.
  7. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)
  8. ^ "Rayleigh & Wickford Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  9. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  10. ^ "Election Campaign". UKIP Rayleigh and Wickford. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  11. ^ Nizinskyj, Paul (10 March 2015). "Campaigner Linda wants to be an MP". Echo. Southend.
  12. ^ "Candidates (PPCs) for Rayleigh and Wickford". Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  13. ^ "Candidates". Eastern Green Party. Archived from the original on 11 March 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
  14. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  15. ^ "BBC News | Election 2010 | Constituency | Rayleigh & Wickford". news.bbc.co.uk.

Coordinates: 51°36′N 0°42′E / 51.6°N 0.7°E / 51.6; 0.7