Remutaka (New Zealand electorate)

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Remutaka electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Remutaka (spelled Rimutaka prior to 2020) is an electorate returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current representative is Chris Hipkins, a member of the Labour Party who has represented the seat since the 2008 New Zealand general election.[1]

Profile[edit]

Centred on Upper Hutt City, the western boundary of the Rimutaka electorate is defined by the Hutt River from Avalon and Naenae in the south, through Stokes Valley, Trentham and Upper Hutt, to Te Mārua, Kaitoke, and Cloustonville in the north. Boundary changes in 2014 saw Rimutaka gain Naenae from the Hutt South electorate, while losing Belmont and Kelson to Hutt South.[2]

Population growth in the Rimutaka electorate was 2.4% between 2006 and 2013, less than half the national average (5.3%). Of those employed in 2013: 15.0% were clerical and administrative workers (the highest proportion of any general electorate); 12.6% worked in public administration (third-highest); 10.4% were community and personal service workers (fourth-highest). Of those working on census day 2013, 9.1% travelled to work by train, the third-highest share among general electorates and almost eight times the New Zealand average (1.2%).[2]

History[edit]

Rimutaka was created in 1996 ahead of the change to Mixed Member Proportional voting. It was created by merging the old Upper Hutt-based seat of Heretaunga with Stokes Valley, Taitā and a large section of Naenae from the defunct Eastern Hutt seat. Eastern Hutt had been held by Labour's Paul Swain since 1990, while Heretaunga had been won by National's Peter McCardle in 1990. Peter McCardle (who had been re-elected in 1993) defected to New Zealand First in 1996. Swain was the clear winner in every election from 1996 to 2005; the inclusion of the working-class areas of Hutt City helped make Rimutaka safer for the Labour Party, though on the campaign trail in 2008, Labour's chances for winning both party vote and the electorate were summarised as: "Labour support is 'rock solid' in the south of the electorate but things are volatile in Upper Hutt, where there is 'still work to do'".[3]

Following the 2014 boundary review, Rimutaka gained Naenae and a small part of Epuni from the Hutt South electorate and lost Kelson and Belmont to Hutt South.

Following the 2016 Treaty of Waitangi settlement between the Crown and Rangitāne o Wairarapa and Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa Tāmaki Nui-ā-Rua, the electorate's namesake Rimutaka Range was renamed to the Remutaka Range. In the 2019/2020 boundary review, the Representation Commission renamed the electorate Remutaka in line with this name change.[4][5]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Key

 Labour    NZ First  

Election Winner
1996 election Paul Swain
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Chris Hipkins
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election
2020 election

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Rimutaka electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
1996 election Peter McCardle1

1 McCardle was the National MP for Heretaunga from 1990 to 1996

Election results[edit]

2020 election[edit]

(Preliminary figures as at 18 October 2020)


2020 general election: Remutaka[6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Chris Hipkins 24,911 68.57 +13.09 21,384 58.30 +15.00
National Mark Crofskey 7,674 21.12 -12.37 7,215 19.67 -19.23
Green Chris Norton 1,230 3.31 +1.32 2,533 6.91 +1.48
ACT Grae O'Sullivan 804 2.21 +1.72 2,315 6.31 +5.94
New Conservative Hank Optland 516 1.42 +0.51 575 1.57 +1.14
ONE Frank Eijgenraam 506 1.39 385 1.05
NZ First Talani Meikle 499 1.37 -2.72 1,103 3.01 -4.39
Independent Michael Alexander Stace 191 0.53
Opportunities   668 1.82 -0.94
Advance NZ   174 0.47
Māori   96 0.26 -0.02
Legalise Cannabis   85 0.23 -0.01
Vision NZ   38 0.10
Outdoors   25 0.07 +0.03
Sustainable NZ   20 0.05
Social Credit   16 0.04 +0.01
TEA   3 0.01
Heartland   1 0.00
Informal votes 566 203
Total Valid votes 36,331 36,682
Labour hold Majority 17,237 47.44 +25.45

2017 election[edit]

2017 general election: Rimutaka[7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Chris Hipkins 21,725 55.48 +2.97 17,180 43.3 +10.57
National Carolyn O'Fallon 13,116 33.49 -0.87 15,433 38.9 -2.38
Green Stefan Grand-Meyer 1,815 4.63 -0.07 2,156 5.43 -4.47
NZ First Talani Meikle 1,604 4.09 -0.77 2,938 7.40 -2.83
Conservative Philip Lynch 356 0.91 -1.74 169 0.43 -3.58
ACT Grae O'Sullivan 190 0.49 147 0.37 +0.03
Opportunities   1,095 2.76
Māori   181 0.46 +0.6
Legalise Cannabis   96 0.24 -0.28
Ban 1080   33 0.08 -0.15
United Future   32 0.08 -0.25
People's Party   22 0.06
Outdoors   16 0.04
Internet   12 0.03 -0.84[a]
Democrats   10 0.03 -0.01
Mana   10 0.03 -0.84[b]
Informal votes 347 148
Total Valid votes 39,153 39,678
Labour hold Majority 8,609 21.99 +3.85

2014 election[edit]

2014 general election: Rimutaka[8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Chris Hipkins 19,286 52.51 +2.25 12,176 32.73 −0.16
National Lewis Holden 12,622 34.36 −6.27 15,352 41.28 −3.16
NZ First Aaron Hunt 1,785 4.86 +4.86 3,806 10.23 +6.21
Green Susanne Ruthven 1,727 4.70 −1.12 3,422 9.90 −1.41
Conservative Philip Michael Lynch 973 2.65 +2.65 955 4.01 +1.25
Internet Mana   324 0.87 +0.64[c]
Legalise Cannabis   194 0.52 +0.05
Māori   149 0.40 −0.15
ACT   126 0.34 −0.34
United Future   122 0.33 −0.66
Ban 1080   84 0.23 +0.23
Civilian   19 0.05 +0.05
Independent Coalition   19 0.05 +0.05
Democrats   14 0.04 +0.00
Focus   4 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 241 159
Total Valid votes 36,393 37,194
Labour hold Majority 6,664 18.14 +8.52

Electorate (as at 20 September 2014): 46,526[9]

2011 election[edit]

2011 general election: Rimutaka[10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Chris Hipkins 17,171 51.58 12.31 11,375 33.13 -8.18
National Jonathan Fletcher 13,885 41.71 +4.60 15,364 44.75 +4.10
Green Tane Woodley 1,990 5.98 +0.96 3,422 9.97 +4.04
ACT Alwyn Courtenay 241 0.72 -0.57 235 0.68 -1.87
NZ First   2,148 6.26 +2.17
Conservative   955 2.78 +2.78
United Future   340 0.99 -0.41
Māori   190 0.55 -0.18
Legalise Cannabis   164 0.48 +0.13
Mana   80 0.23 +0.23
Libertarianz   28 0.08 +0.04
Alliance   20 0.06 -0.02
Democrats   12 0.03 +0.01
Informal votes 879 240
Total Valid votes 33,287 34,333
Labour hold Majority 3,286 9.87 +7.72

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,403[11]

2008 election[edit]

2008 general election: Rimutaka[12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Chris Hipkins 13,735 39.27 14,685 41.31
National Richard Whiteside 12,982 37.12 14,452 40.65
NZ First Ron Mark 5,257 15.03 1,453 4.09
Green Lynette Vigrass 1,755 5.02 2,107 5.93
United Future Jenni Hurn 522 1.49 499 1.40
ACT Nigel Kearney 453 1.30 909 2.56
Progressive John Maurice 272 0.78 345 0.97
Māori   260 0.73
Bill and Ben   255 0.72
Kiwi   242 0.68
Legalise Cannabis   122 0.34
Family Party   85 0.24
Pacific   57 0.16
Alliance   28 0.08
Workers Party   18 0.05
Libertarianz   13 0.04
Democrats   8 0.02
RONZ   7 0.02
RAM   4 0.01
Informal votes 297 126
Total Valid votes 34,976 35,549
Labour hold Majority 753 2.15


2005 election[edit]

2005 general election: Rimutaka[13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Paul Swain 18,681 54.74 -4.67 16,558 47.80
National Mike Leddy 10,404 30.49 +11.18 11,791 34.04
United Future Bernard McLelland 1,777 5.21 1,615 4.66
Green Michael Morris 1,243 3.64 1,446 4.17
NZ First David Fowler 1,094 3.21 1,736 5.01
Independent Dave Reynolds 549 1.61
ACT John Waugh 380 1.11 414 1.20
Legalise Cannabis   691 1.99
Progressive   451 1.30
Destiny   197 0.57
Māori   181 0.52
Christian Heritage   54 0.16
Alliance   28 0.08
Libertarianz   19 0.05
99 MP   14 0.04
Democrats   10 0.03
Family Rights   9 0.03
One NZ   8 0.02
Direct Democracy   6 0.02
RONZ   2 0.01
Informal votes 353 145
Total Valid votes 34,128 34,640
Labour hold Majority 8,277 24.25 -16.10

2002 election[edit]

2002 general election: Rimutaka[14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Paul Swain 18,688 14,856
National Mike Leddy 6,073 5,387
United Future Wayne Chapman 1,957 2,933
Green Russel Norman 1,267 1,683
ACT Nick Kearney 1,168 2,004
Independent Nick Kelly 376
NZ First   2,641
Legalise Cannabis   179
Alliance   28 0.08
Informal votes 404 146
Total Valid votes 31,861 32,079
Labour hold Majority 12,615

1999 election[edit]

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Rimutaka for a list of candidates.

Table footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 2017 Internet Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana Party in the 2014 election
  2. ^ 2017 Mana Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with the Internet Party in the 2014 election
  3. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

References[edit]

  1. ^ New Zealand Parliament – Chris Hipkinsn MP
  2. ^ a b "Rimutaka electorate profile". Parliamentary Library. June 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2016. This article incorporates text by the Parliamentary Library available under the CC BY 3.0 license.
  3. ^ "Labour stronghold shapes up as a battleground". stuff.co.nz. 28 October 2008. Retrieved 1 November 2008.[dead link]
  4. ^ "What's happening now in the boundary review". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Report of the Representation Commission 2020" (PDF). 17 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Official Count Results – Rimutaka". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  7. ^ "Official Count Results – Rimutaka". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 20 September 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  10. ^ 2011 election results
  11. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  12. ^ 2008 election results
  13. ^ election result Rimutaka 2005
  14. ^ election result Rimutaka 2002 Archived 15 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]