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Renshi (連詩, renshi, "linked poetry") is a form of collaborative poetry pioneered by Makoto Ōoka in the 1980s.[1][2] It is a development of traditional Japanese renga and renku, but unlike these it does not adhere to traditional strictures on length, rhythm, and diction.[citation needed] Renshi are typically composed by a group of Japanese and foreign poets collaborating in the writing process in sessions lasting several days.[1] In addition to Ooka, poets who have participated in renshi include James Lasdun, Charles Tomlinson, Hiromi Itō, Shuntarō Tanikawa, Jerome Rothenberg, Joseph Stanton, Wing Tek Lum, Karin Kiwus and Mikirō Sasaki.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b c Look Japan: Volume 48, Issues 553–564. 2002, p4
  2. ^ a b The Japan Foundation's profile of Makoto Ōoka "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-06. Retrieved 2012-06-05. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)