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Richard I of England.png
17th-century portrait of Richard the Lionheart, a 12th-century King of England
PronunciationEnglish: /ˈrɪərd/
French: [ʁiʃaʁ]
German: [ˈʁɪçaɐ̯t] (Germany) or [ˈrɪçart] (Austria and Switzerland)
Czech: [ˈrɪxart]
Meaningstrong or brave leader
Region of originGermanic countries (England, Scotland, Germany, the Netherlands, Scandinavian region), also Ireland
Other names
Nickname(s)Richy, Rich, Rick, Dick, Dickie, Reeks, Riccardo, Riquix, Richie, Ricardo, Rico, Ricky, Richi, Rickey, Rickard[1][2]

The Germanic first or given name Richard derives from the old Germanic words "ric" (ruler, leader, king, powerful) and "hard" (strong, brave, hardy), and it therefore means "strong in rule".[1][3] Nicknames include "Richy", "Dick", "Dickon", "Dickie",[2] "Rich", "Richie", "Rick", "Ricky",[1] and others.

"Richard" is a common male name in many Germanic languages, including English, German, Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Icelandic, and Dutch. It is also often used as a French, Irish, Scottish, Welsh, Finnish, or Estonian name.

People named Richard[edit]

Rulers and heads of state[edit]

In politics and government[edit]

  • Richard Acland (1906–1990), one of the founders of the British Common Wealth Party and the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament
  • Dick Armey (born 1940), American politician, member U.S. House of Representatives from Texas (1985-2003)
  • Richard Armitage (politician) (born 1945), American government official, Deputy Secretary of State (2001-2005)
  • Richard Arrington Jr. (born 1934), first African-American mayor of the city of Birmingham, Alabama
  • Richard Bedford "R.B." Bennett (1870-1947), Canadian politician, Prime Minister of Canada (1930-1935).
  • Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington (1612–1698), Lord High Treasurer of Ireland and a cavalier.
  • Richard Burr (born 1955), American politician, U.S. Senator from North Carolina (2005-present)
  • Richard "Dick" Cheney (born 1941), American politician, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wyoming (1979-1989), Secretary of Defense (1989-1993) and Vice President (2001-2009)
  • Dick Clark (senator) (born 1928), American politician, U.S. Senator from Iowa (1973-1979)
  • Richard Court (born 1947), Australian politician, Premier of Western Australia (1993-2001)
  • Richard J. Daley (1902–1976), American politician, Mayor of Chicago (1955-1976)
  • Richard M. Daley (born 1942), American politician, Illinois state senator (1972-1980) and Mayor of Chicago (1989-2011)
  • Richard Darman (1943-2008), American businessman and government official, White House Staff Secretary (1981-1985), Deputy Secretary of the Treasury (1985-1987) and Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1989-1993)
  • Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple (1711–1779), British politician and associate and brother-in-law of William Pitt
  • Richard J. Gordon (born 1945) Filipino politician and broadcaster,
  • Richard Hatfield (1931–1991), Canadian politician, Premier of New Brunswick (1970-1987)
  • Richard Helms (1913-2002), American government official, Director of Central Intelligence (1966-1973), U.S. Ambassador to Iran (1973-1977)
  • Richard Johnson (judge) (born 1937), Irish jurist, President of the Irish High Court (2006-2009)
  • Richard Jones, 1st Earl of Ranelagh (1641–1712), Irish peer, and politician both in the Parliaments of England and Ireland
  • Richard Lovell Edgeworth (1744-1817) Anglo-Irish politician, writer and inventor
  • Richard Lugar (born 1932), American politician, U.S. Senator from Indiana (1977-2011)
  • Richard Mentor Johnson (1780–1850), American politician, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kentucky (1807-1819 and 1829-1833), U.S. Senator from Kentucky (1819-1829) and Vice President (1837-1841)
  • Richard Nixon (1913–1994), American politician, President of the United States (1969-1974) and Vice President (1953-1961)
  • Richard Perle (born 1941), American government official and foreign policy specialist, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Global Strategic Affairs 1981-1987
  • Richard Rush (1780–1859), American politician, U.S. Attorney General (1814-1817) and Secretary of the Treasury (1825-1829)
  • Richard Seddon (1845-1906), New Zealand politician, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1893-1906)
  • Richard Shelby (born 1934), American politician, U.S. Senator from Alabama (1987-present)
  • Richard Stockton (1764–1828), American politician, U.S. Senator from New Jersey (1796-1799), Member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1813-1815)
  • Dick Thornburgh (born 1932), American politician, Governor of Pennsylvania (1979-1987) and U.S. Attorney General (1988-1991)
  • Richard von Weizsäcker (1920-2015), German politician, Governing Mayor of West Berlin (1981-1984) and President of the Federal Republic of Germany (1984-1994)
  • Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley (1760–1842), Anglo-Irish Governor-General of India, Foreign Secretary in the British Cabinet and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, brother of the 1st Duke of Wellington
  • Richard Wild (judge) (1912-1978), New Zealand jurist, Chief Justice of New Zealand (1966-1978)

Aristocrats and non-ruling royals[edit]

Business people[edit]

  • Richard L. Bloch (born 1929), American investor, real estate developer, banker, and philanthropist.
  • Richard Branson (born 1950), British businessman and founder of the Virgin Group of companies
  • Richard DeVos (born 1926), American businessman and co-founder of Amway
  • Richard Jacobs (businessman) (1925–2009), real estate businessman and owner of the Cleveland Indians baseball team
  • Richard Oetker (born 1951), German businessman, CEO of Dr. Oetker since 2010
  • Richard Rawlings (born 1969), star of American television show Fast N' Loud, owner of Gas Monkey garage, Gas Monkey Bar N' Grill and Gas Monkey Live
  • Richard Warren Sears (1863–1914), co-founder of Sears, Roebuck and Company, and considered a promotional genius
  • Richard Velazquez (born 1973), PepsiCo executive and first automotive designer at Porsche AG (Germany) of Puerto Rican descent
  • Richard Wilding, British businessman and academic

Religious figures[edit]

In music[edit]


Singers and musicians[edit]


In film and TV[edit]


  • Richard R. Arnold (born 1963), American astronaut
  • Richard Francis Burton (1821–1890), British geographer, explorer, translator, writer, soldier, orientalist, cartographer, ethnologist, spy, linguist, poet, fencer and diplomat
  • Richard E. Byrd (1888–1957), U.S. Navy rear admiral, aviator and explorer
  • Richard Masters (aka William Marsters), English sailor, cooper, trader and explorer
  • Dick Rutkowski, diving medicine pioneer



In sports[edit]

Writers and journalists[edit]

Fictional characters[edit]



In Indo-European languages[edit]







In Semitic languages[edit]

  • Arabic: ريتشارد (Rytshrd, Ritshrd, Rytshard, Ritshard)
  • Hebrew: ריצ'רד (Richard)

In Turkic languages[edit]

In Uralic languages[edit]

In Other languages[edit]

Short forms[edit]

  • Cornish: Hicca
  • Czech: Ríša
  • Dutch: Ries
  • English: Rick, Rich, Richi, Dick, Dickie, Rik, Ric, Dickon
  • Estonian: Riho
  • Esperanto: Rikĉjo
  • Finnish: Riku
  • Hungarian: Ricsi, Ricsike, Rics
  • Icelandic: Rikki
  • Latvian: Ričs
  • Lithuanian: Ryčka, Rytis
  • Polish: Rysio, Rysiek, Ryś
  • Portuguese: Rico, Ric
  • Slovak: Rišo, Riško, Riči
  • Spanish: Cayo (Guatemala)
  • Greek: Στούκος (Stoúkos)



  1. ^ a b c Hanks, Patrick; Hardcastle, Kate; Hodges, Flavia (2006). A Dictionary of First Names. Oxford University Press. p. 381. ISBN 978-0-19-861060-1. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  2. ^ a b Hanks, Patrick; Hardcastle, Kate; Hodges, Flavia (2006). A Dictionary of First Names. Oxford University Press. p. 154. ISBN 978-0-19-861060-1. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  3. ^ "Richard". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  4. ^ M. Petrossian (ed.). New Dictionary Armenian-English. Librairie de Beyrouth. p. 772. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
  5. ^ "Hick". Merriam-Webster Dictionary.

See also[edit]