|Leader of the Opposition|
May 14, 1940 – January 1, 1943
|Preceded by||Robert Manion|
|Succeeded by||Gordon Graydon|
|Mayor of Fredericton|
|Born||March 20, 1879|
Bocabec, New Brunswick, Canada
|Died||July 10, 1948(aged 69)|
|Spouse(s)||Jean B. Neill (m. 1906)|
|Residence||270 Church St., Fredericton|
|Alma mater||Mount Allison University, Dalhousie Law School|
Early life and education
Hanson was born on March 20, 1879, in Bocabec, Charlotte County, New Brunswick to parents Richard B. and Hannah Hanson. He was educated in public schools in St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Mount Allison University, and Dalhousie Law School.
First elected as a Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) for the New Brunswick electoral district of York—Sunbury in the 1921 general election, Hanson served continuously in the House of Commons of Canada until his defeat in the 1935 election. He was appointed to the Cabinet of R. B. Bennett in 1934 as Minister of Trade and Commerce.
In the 1940 election, he returned to Parliament despite the poor showing of the Conservatives in that election and the personal defeat of Robert Manion. Since Manion resigned two months after the election, the Conservative caucus chose Hanson as interim leader and he served as Conservative Party Leader until Arthur Meighen was appointed the party's new leader in November 1941. As Meighen did not have a seat in the House (and then failed to win a seat through a by-election), Hanson continued as Leader of the Opposition until 1943.
Death and legacy
Hanson died on July 14, 1948, due to illness. The University of New Brunswick hands out the Richard Burpee Hanson Prize to a Faculty of Arts male student with the highest grades in English and History in the Sophomore level.
- Prominent people of the Maritime Provinces (in business and professional life) 1922, p. 79. sfn error: no target: CITEREFProminent_people_of_the_Maritime_Provinces_(in_business_and_professional_life)1922 (help)
- "Two By-Elections Made No Chnage in Party Status". Brandon Daily Sun. Manitoba. May 30, 1921.
- "I First Saw". Winnipeg Tribune. Winnipeg. November 26, 1934.
- "New Dominion Cabinet Ministers". Timmins Procupine Advance. Ontario. December 3, 1934.
- Reardon, Terry (October 6, 2012). Winston Churchill and Mackenzie King: So Similar, So Different. Dundurn. p. 200. ISBN 9781459705906. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- "Ex-House Leader R.B. Hanson Dies After Illness". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg. July 14, 1948.
- "Richard Burpee Hanson Prize". unb.ca. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- "Richard Burpee Hanson fonds, Library and Archives Canada". Retrieved September 4, 2020.