|United States Senator|
January 10, 1793 – October 24, 1796
|Preceded by||Charles Carroll|
|Succeeded by||John E. Howard|
|Born||July 19, 1753|
Upper Marlboro, Maryland
|Died||November 26, 1808 (aged 55)|
Early life and career
Potts was born in Upper Marlboro, Maryland, and lived there until he moved with his family to the Barbados Islands in 1757. He returned to Maryland and settled in the state capital of Annapolis in 1761, where he studied law. He commenced the practice of law in Frederick County, Maryland in 1775. Potts served as a member of the committee of observation for Frederick County in 1776 and as military aide to the Governor of Maryland in 1777.
Potts served as clerk of the Frederick County court from 1777 to 1778, and as prosecuting attorney for Frederick, Montgomery, and Washington Counties in 1784. He was appointed by President George Washington as United States attorney for Maryland, and served from 1789 to 1791.
Potts also served as a member of the Continental Congress in 1781, and as member of the Maryland convention which ratified the Constitution of the United States in 1788.
From 1791 to 1793 and again from 1796 to 1801, Potts served as chief judge of the fifth judicial circuit of the State. He was later appointed associate justice of the Maryland Court of Appeals, a position he served in from 1801 to 1804.
Potts' political career included two terms in the Maryland House of Delegates from 1779–1780, and again in 1787-1788. He declined the nomination to be elected to the Maryland State Senate in 1787, but served as a presidential elector in 1792. He was elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Charles Carroll of Carrollton and served from January 10, 1793, to October 24, 1796, when he also resigned. Potts died in Frederick in 1808, and was interred in All Saints’ Parish Cemetery until his reinterment in Mount Olivet Cemetery in Frederick.
- United States Congress. "Richard Potts (id: P000473)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
| U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Maryland
Served alongside: John Henry
John E. Howard