Robert F. Goheen
Robert F. Goheen
Goheen at Princeton in 1936
|16th President of Princeton University|
|Preceded by||Harold W. Dodds|
|Succeeded by||William G. Bowen|
|United States Ambassador to India|
May 26, 1977 – December 10, 1980
|Preceded by||Bill Saxbe|
|Succeeded by||Harry G. Barnes Jr.|
|Born||August 15, 1919|
Vengurla, Bombay Presidency, British India
(now Maharashtra, India)
|Died||March 31, 2008 (aged 88)|
Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.
|Alma mater||Princeton University (A.B., Ph.D.)|
Robert Francis Goheen was born on August 15, 1919, to Anne (Ewing) and Dr Robert H. H. Goheen in Vengurla, India, where both his parents were serving as Presbyterian medical missionaries. His early education through the tenth grade was at Kodaikanal International School in Tamil Nadu, South India. After moving to the United States in 1934, he completed his secondary school education at the Lawrenceville School in New Jersey in 1936. He then attended Princeton University, where he won the Moses Taylor Pyne Prize and graduated summa cum laude with an A.B. in classics in 1940 after completing a senior thesis titled "A Study of the Nature and Object of Tragedy." He was also an avid soccer player.
An intelligence officer in the United States Army during World War II, Goheen reached the rank of lieutenant colonel. He returned to Princeton after the war to pursue graduate studies, earning a Ph.D. in classics in 1948 after completing a doctoral dissertation titled "The imagery of Sophocles' Antigone (a study of poetic language and structure)." Goheen was one of the first four students to receive a Woodrow Wilson Fellowship, established at Princeton to encourage war veterans to pursue a career in teaching.
In 1942, Goheen married Margaret Skelly. They had four daughters (Anne, Trudi, Megan, and Elizabeth) and two sons (Stephen and Charley), who gave them 18 grandchildren, including the American novelist Megan Crane.
Princeton University career
Goheen taught classics at Princeton as an assistant professor from 1950 until 1957, when he was appointed the university’s 16th president. At 37, he was the youngest man to assume that position since the 18th century. Faced with the social and political challenges of the 1960s, Goheen encouraged student involvement in decision-making processes and initiated active recruitment of minorities, as well as overseeing the admission of women in 1969. The New York Times reported after his death: "Dr. Goheen would eventually build or acquire 38 buildings, increasing the university’s indoor square footage by 80 percent. He quadrupled the budget, doubled alumni giving and increased the number of faculty members by 40 percent. ... The university changed fundamentally under Dr. Goheen’s leadership, going from an establishment cradle to a diversified and complex research university. He attacked the exclusivity of the eating clubs, even opening one to be run by the university. He hired Princeton’s first black administrator and first black full professor and aggressively recruited promising minority students."
After his retirement from Princeton in 1972, he was named president of the Council on Foundations in New York. On January 1, 1977, he became president of the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, but that April he was appointed by President Jimmy Carter to become United States Ambassador to India. He served in the country of his birth from 1977 to 1980.
He returned to Princeton University in 1981, serving on the faculty of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. He was involved with many activities related to Asia, including a Study Mission to the Philippines in January 1986 sponsored by the Asia Society.
- Martin, Douglas (April 1, 2008). "Robert F. Goheen, Innovative Princeton President, Is Dead at 88". New York Times. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
Robert F. Goheen, who as president of Princeton revolutionized the university by admitting its first women, pursuing minority faculty members, buttressing finances and doubling the space in campus buildings, died on Monday in Princeton, N.J. He was 88. The cause was heart failure, Cass Cliatt, a Princeton spokeswoman said.
- Europa Publications (2003). The International Who's Who 2004 (67 ed.). Routledge. pp. 1888 pages. ISBN 9781857432176. Retrieved October 6, 2010.
- Aandahl, Frederick (January 2, 2006). "Interview with Robert F. Goheen". Historical Collections (American Memory), The Foreign Affairs Oral History Collection of the Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. pp. interview date: December 15, 1988. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- Goheen, Robert Francis (1940). "A Study of the Nature and Object of Tragedy". Cite journal requires
- Goheen, Robert F. (1948). The imagery of Sophocles' Antigone (a study of poetic language and structure). Princeton.
- The Philippines: Facing the Future. The Asia Society. 1986. p. 38.
- Robert F. Goheen Papers at the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library, Princeton University
- Princeton University biography and index to papers
- Rediff.com interview of Robert Goheen, March 1997
Harold W. Dodds
| President of Princeton University
William G. Bowen
William B. Saxbe
| United States Ambassador to India
Harry G. Barnes, Jr.