Robert Slavin

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Robert "Bob" Slavin is an American psychologist who studies educational and academic issues. His Success for All educational model has been influential in American academic reform since its inception in 1987.[1] He has also influenced the research on cooperative learning, publishing numerous seminal reviews of literature (including meta-analyses and best evidence syntheses) on cooperative learning.[2]

Bob Slavin is a 'Reedie', having earned his BA at Reed College in 1972.

Success For All[edit]

In 1986, the Superintendent of Baltimore Schools approached Slavin for help with failing schools in impoverished, inner city neighborhoods. The model Slavin developed for Baltimore became research-driven Success for All, used in 1,300 schools in 47 states, as of May 2005, and rated one of the most effective reform models according to a meta-analysis of school improvement programs.[1] However, most teachers participating in Success For All, even ones who strongly support the program, have been found to make substantial changes in implementation in contrast to the expectations of developers. Some teachers also reported that the program constrained their creativity and autonomy in their own classroom.[3]

His work includes research on classroom cooperative learning techniques including his 1980 paper "Cooperative Learning".[4]

Centre for Research and Reform in Education[edit]

Slavin is a Program Director at the Center for Social Organization of Schools at Johns Hopkins University,[5] and a Director at the Center for Research and Reform in Education (CRRE).[6] He was also the founding director of the Institute for Effective Education at the University of York.[7]


  1. ^ a b "PBS Success For All". Retrieved 10 Aug 2012.
  2. ^ Slavin, Robert (1983). "When does cooperative learning increase student achievement?". Psychological Bulletin. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.94.3.429.
  3. ^ Datnow, Amanda; Castellano, Marisa (2000). "Teachers' Responses to Success for All: How Beliefs, Experiences, and Adaptations Shape Implementation". American Educational Research Journal. 37 (3): 775–799. doi:10.3102/00028312037003775.
  4. ^ "Cooperative Learning". Retrieved 10 Aug 2012.
  5. ^ "Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed at Risk (CRESPAR) at Johns Hopkins University". Archived from the original on 2001-11-08. Retrieved 2012-08-16.
  6. ^ "Profile: Dr. Robert Slavin". Retrieved 2012-08-16.
  7. ^ "Bob Slavin: Which? doctor". London. The Guardian. Retrieved 23 January 2013.

External links[edit]