Roman Catholic Diocese of Rieti

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Diocese of Rieti (-S. Salvatore Maggiore)

Dioecesis Reatina (-S. Salvatoris Maioris)
Cattedrale di Rieti - esterno - 6.jpg
Rieti Cathedral
Location
CountryItaly
Ecclesiastical provinceImmediately subject to the Holy See
Statistics
Area1,818 km2 (702 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2017)
95,666
90,644 (94.8%)
Parishes94
Information
DenominationCatholic Church
RiteRoman Rite
Established5th century
CathedralCattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta
Patron saintEleutherius and Antia
Secular priests70 (diocesan)
22 (Religious Orders)
17 Permanent Deacons
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
BishopDomenico Pompili
Website
Chiesa di Rieti (in Italian)
Map of Diocese of Rieti

The Diocese of Rieti (Latin: Dioecesis Reatina (-S. Salvatoris Maioris)) is a See of the Catholic Church in Italy. It is immediately subject to the Holy See.[1][2][3]

History[edit]

The diocese was established in the fifth century.

In 1148, the city of Rieti was attacked and destroyed by King Roger of Sicily. On 10 August 1201, the city was totally destroyed by fire.[4]

Pope Innocent III visited Rieti for a month, in July and August 1198.[5] He is said to have consecrated the churches of S. Giovanni Evangelista and S. Eleuterio.[6]

In March 1074, Pope Gregory VII gave the Benedictine monastery of Ss. Quiricus and Giulitta to Bishop Rainerius (1074–1084), and ordered all its monks and laypersons to obey him in all things. In 1215, when the monks had murdered their abbot and dissipated their income, Pope Innocent III had them expelled, and introduced the Premonstratensians in their place.[7]

In 1228, Pope Gregory IX (dei Conti di Segni) was driven out of Rome by the supporters of the Emperor Frederick II; he spent a month in April and May in exile in Rieti, before moving to other places of refuge.[8] He was driven from Rome a second time on 1 June 1231, and sought refuge again in Rieti, where he remained for more than a year.[9]

Pope Nicholas IV (Masci) spent part of 1188, from 13 May to 15 October, in Rieti; in 1289, he was there from 18 May to 7 October. On 29 May 1289, in the cathedral of Reate, Pope Nicholas IV crowned Charles II of Sicily as King of Sicily.[10]

Pope Boniface VIII (Caetani) visited Rieti from 28 August to 5 December 1298.[11] On 28 November 1298, a major earthquake struck Rieti, Spoleto and Città di Pieve, causing considerable loss of life and destruction of buildings.[12]

The diocese of Rieti would have lost territory on 24 June 1502, when Pope Alexander VI established the Diocese of Città Ducale, but Cardinal Giovanni Colonna, the Bishop of Rieti (1480–1508) objected, and the plan was dropped, the territory being returned to Rieti on 8 November 1505, as a diocese under the Administratorship of the cardinal. However, after Cardinal Colonna died on 26 September 1508, Pope Julius II reactivated the diocese of Città Ducale on 16 October 1508. The diocese was suppressed on 27 June 1818, but its territory did not return to the diocese of Rieti; it was given instead to the diocese of L'Aquila.[13] On 3 June 1925 Pope Pius XI added S. Salvatore Maggiore to the name of the diocese, upon the suppression of the monastery of S. Salvatore Maggiore.[2][3]

Newly returned from the Council of Trent, and under the influence of Cardinal Carlo Borromeo, Cardinal Marco Antonio Amulio (1562–1572) began, in 1564, a plan to establish a seminary in Rieti. His plan was modest, a student body of twenty-six, with an appropriate number of teachers of the humanities, philosophy, and theology. The original location of the institution was the former Palace of the Podestà. Financing was, and always remained the difficulty. Vacant benefices were appropriated for the faculty, and the income from other benefices was used to pay for free tuition for the students. But payments that supported the benefices were always in arrears.[14]

Chapter and cathedral[edit]

The original cathedral was dedicated to the Virgin Mary, Mother of God, and was in existence by 598. In that year, a deacon of the church wrote to Pope Gregory I, requesting that he order the relics of Ss. Hermas, Hyacinth and Maximus be enshrined in the cathedral, a task which the Pope entrusted to Bishop Chrysanthus of Spoleto, presumably because the See of Rieti was vacant.[15] This cathedral was subject to the unwelcome attentions of the Goths, the Lombards, and the Saracens, leaving it in a dilapidated condition. The influx of population into the town made its size inadequate.

A new cathedral was begun by Bishop Benincasa, a patrician of Rieti, who laid the cornerstone on 27 April 1109. The design included a lower church (or crypt) and an upper church.[16] The lower church was consecrated in 1137, and was the site of the election of Bishop Dodo.[17] There was a long intermission in building due to the attacks of King Roger of Sicily, a supporter of Pope Anacletus II against Pope Innocent II; Roger was an enemy of Pope Innocent, defeated him in battle, and dominated central Italy. In 1148, the city of Rieti was destroyed by King Roger, and its people fled to the hills and dispersed. In 1201, the city was destroyed again, this time by fire. Another fire took place in 1214.[18] The upper church was consecrated by Pope Honorius III, who had been driven out of Rome and was living in exile in Rieti, on 9 September 1225.[19] Bishop Antonino Camarda (1724–1754) renewed the pavement of the cathedral inb 1735, and Bishop Marini rebuilt the tribune, presbytery, and the high altar, which was reconsecrated in 1806.[20] The cathedral was given the title of basilica by Pope Gregory XVI in 1841.[21]

The bishop's palace, next to the cathedral, suffered repeated injuries from fires and earthquakes, until, in 1283, Bishop Pietro Guerra (1278–1286) began a complete reconstruction, along with the addition of a grand salon for large meetings.[22]

The Chapter of the cathedral is a corporate body, which is responsible for the administration and serving of the cathedral and the maintenance of its liturgical events. At Rieti it was composed of sixteen Canons, headed by the Archdeacon. The Canons had a common treasury, rather than individual prebends. There were also twelve beneficed priests, called clerici beneficiati. Cardinal Benedetto Cappelletti (1833–1834) established an additional twelve beneficed priests, called beneficiati Cappelletti.[23]

Diocesan synods[edit]

A diocesan synod was an irregularly held, but important, meeting of the bishop of a diocese and his clergy. Its purpose was (1) to proclaim generally the various decrees already issued by the bishop; (2) to discuss and ratify measures on which the bishop chose to consult with his clergy; (3) to publish statutes and decrees of the diocesan synod, of the provincial synod, and of the Holy See.[24]

Bishop Giorgio Bolognetti summoned and presided over a diocesan synod in Rieti on 24–25 September 1645, and had the decrees published.[25] On 27 September 1678, Bishop Ippolito Vicentini (1670–1702) held a diocesan synod, and had the constitutions published.[26] Bishop Bernardino Guinigi (1711–1723) presided over a diocesan synod in Rieti on 13 September 1716.[27] In 1766, Bishop Giovanni de Vita (1764–1774) held a diocesan synod.[28]

Bishops[edit]

to 1200[edit]

[Prosdocimus (1st cent.)][29]
...
  • Ursus (attested 499, 501)[30]
...
  • Probus (mid-6th cent.)[31]
  • Albinus (6th century)[32]
...
  • Gaudiosus (attested 649)[33]
...
  • Adrianus (attested 680)[34]
...
  • Teuto (attested 753–764)[35]
  • Guicpertus (attested c. 770–773)[36]
  • Isermundus (attested 773)[37]
  • Agio (attested 776)[38]
  • Sinualdus (attested 777)[39]
  • Guicpertus (attested 778)[40]
  • Petrus (attested 779)[41]
  • Guicpertus (attested 780)[42]
  • Alfredus (Arnefredus) (attested 782–794)[43]
  • Isermundus (attested 803–814)[44]
...
Sede vacante ( ? 852)[45]
  • Colo (attested 852–861)[46]
  • Joannes (c. 864)[47]
  • Theudardus (attested 875)[48]
[Richardus (attested 887)][49]
...
  • Thebaldus (attested 945)[50]
  • Anastasius (attested 948)[51]
...
  • Albericus (attested 969)[52]
  • Heldebaldus (attested 975)[53]
  • Joannes (attested 982)[54]
  • Obertus (attested 995)[55]
...
  • Jucundus (attested 1050)[56]
  • Gerardus (attested 1050, 1059)[57]
...
  • Rainerius (attested 1074–1084)[58]
...
  • Benincasa (attested 1109–1113)[59]
  • Teuzo (attested 1114–1118)[60]
  • Colo (attested 1122)[61]
  • Joannes (attested 1129)[62]
  • Gentile (attested 1133, 1135)[63]
  • Dodo (attested 1137–1181)[64]
  • Septimius Quarini (1182)[65]
  • Benedictus (attested 1182–1185)[66]
...
  • Adenolfo Secenari (attested 1188–1212)[67]

1200 to 1500[edit]

  • Rainaldus, O.S.B. (1215–c.1233)[68]
[Odo (c. 1227)][69]
  • Rainerius (attested 1233)[70]
  • Joannes (attested 1236)[71]
  • Rainaldus d'Arezzo, O.Min. (attested 1250)[72]
  • Thomas (1250–1265?)[73]
  • Gotifredus (1265–1275)[74]
Sede vacante (1275–1278)[75]
  • Pietro Guerra (1278–1286)[76]
  • Andreas (1286–1294?)[77]
  • Nicolaus (( ? –1296)
  • Berardus (1296–1299)[78]
  • Jacobus (1299–1301)[79]
  • Angelus, O.Min. (1302)[80]
  • Giovanni Muti (1302–1339)[81]
  • Tommaso (1339–1342)[82]
  • Raimundus de Chameyrac (1342–1346)[83]
  • Biagio da Leonessa, O.Min. (1347–1378)[84]
  • Bartolomeo Mezzavacca (1378–1380)[85]
  • Ludovicus Alfani (1380–1397)[86]
  • Ludovico Cichi Cola Teodenari (1397–1436)[87]
Sede vacante (1436–1438)
Joannes (1436–1438) Administrator[88]

1500 to 1800[edit]

since 1800[edit]

Giuseppe Giannini (1814) Vicar Apostolic[113]
  • Carlo Fioravanti (1814–1818)[114]
  • Francesco Saverio (François-Xavier) Pereira (2 Oct 1818 – 2 Feb 1824)
  • Timoteo Maria (Antonio) Ascensi, O.C.D. (24 May 1824 – 24 Apr 1827 Resigned)
  • Gabriele Ferretti (1827–1833)[115]
  • Cardinal Benedetto Cappelletti (29 Jul 1833 – 15 May 1834)[116]
  • Filippo de' Conti Curoli (30 Sep 1834 – 26 Jan 1849)[117]
  • Gaetano Carletti (28 Sep 1849 – 26 Jul 1867)[118]
  • Egidio Mauri, O.P. (1871–1888)[119]
  • Carlo Bertuzzi (11 Feb 1889 –1895)[120]
  • Bnaventura Quintarelli (18 Mar 1895 – 31 Oct 1915)
  • Tranquillo Guarneri (9 Dec 1915 – 16 Jun 1916 Resigned)
  • Francesco Sidoli (20 Jun 1916 –1924)[121]
  • Massimo Rinaldi, C.S. (2 Aug 1924 – 31 May 1941)
  • Benigno Luciano Migliorini, O.F.M. (19 Jul 1941 –1951)[122]
  • Raffaele Baratta (18 Apr 1951 –1959)[123]
  • Vito Nicola Cavanna (20 Jan 1960 –1971)[124]
  • Dino Trabalzini (28 Jun 1971 –1980)[125]
  • Francesco Amadio (14 May 1980 – 30 Sep 1989 Retired)
  • Giuseppe Molinari (30 Sep 1989 –1996)[126]
  • Delio Lucarelli (30 Nov 1996 – 15 May 2015 Retired)[127]
  • Domenico Pompili (15 May 2015 – )[128]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Umberto Benigni (1912). "Rieti." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 13. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. Retrieved: 22 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Diocese of Rieti (-S. Salvatore Maggiore)"Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016.[self-published source]
  3. ^ a b "Diocese of Rieti" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016.[self-published source]
  4. ^ Desanctis, p. 13.
  5. ^ A. Pressuti, Regesta pontificum Romanorum Vol. I (Berlin: De Decker 1874), pp. 31-33.
  6. ^ Desanctis, p. 34.
  7. ^ Kehr IV, p. 23, nos. 4 and 5; 26.
  8. ^ August Potthast, Regesta pontificum Romanorum Vol. I (Berlin: De Decker 1874), pp 705-706.
  9. ^ Ferdinand Gregorovius, History of the City of Rome in the Middle Ages Vol. V, part 1 (London: Bell 1906), p. 163.
  10. ^ August Potthast, Regesta pontificum Romanorum Vol. II (Berlin: De Decker 1875), pp. 1834-1842; 1852-1861. Cappelletti V, p. 325.
  11. ^ Potthast, pp. 1978-1980. Desanctis, p. 35.
  12. ^ Mario Baratta, I terremoti d'Italia (Torino: Bocca 1901), p. 42, no. 97. Desanctis, p. 35.
  13. ^ Ughelli I, p. 604. Gaetano Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica Vol. XIII, p. 297. Gams, p. 876 column 2. Eubel III, p. 169Ritzler-Sefrin VI, p. 167, note 1.
  14. ^ Giovanni de Vita, Regole del seminario Reatino (Roma: stamperia del Reverenda Camera Apostolica 1769), p. 2.
  15. ^ Gregory I, Epistolae IX, 49: "Paulus ecclesiae Reatinae diaconus petitoria nobis insinuatione poposcit, ut ad fontes in basilica" beatae Mariae semper virginis genetricis Dei et domini nostri Iesu Christi, quae est intra civitatem Reatinam posita, reliquiae beatorum martyrum Hermae et Hyacinthii et Maximi debeant collocari." Desanctis, p. 8.
  16. ^ Desanctis, p. 9.
  17. ^ Desanctis, p. 11.
  18. ^ Desanctis, pp. 13-14.
  19. ^ Desanctis, p. 14. Kehr IV, p. 24.
  20. ^ Desanctis, p. 14.
  21. ^ Cappelletti V, p. 347. Desanctis, p. 17.
  22. ^ Desanctis, pp. 43-44.
  23. ^ Ughelli I, p. 1195. Cappelletti V, p. 348.
  24. ^ Benedictus XIV (1842). "Lib. I. caput secundum. De Synodi Dioecesanae utilitate". Benedicti XIV ... De Synodo dioecesana libri tredecim (in Latin). Tomus primus. Mechlin: Hanicq. pp. 42–49. John Paul II, Constitutio Apostolica de Synodis Dioecesanis Agendis (March 19, 1997): Acta Apostolicae Sedis 89 (1997), pp. 706-727.
  25. ^ Constitutiones Synodales editae et promulgatae in dioecesana Synodo Reatina ab lllustriss. et Reverendìss. D. Georgia Bologneto Episcopo Reatino. Diebus 24. et 25. Septembris 1645. Ex Typographia Manelphi Manelphij, Romae 1647. (in Latin)
  26. ^ Ippolito Vincentino (1679). Synodus Reatina ab ill.mo ac r.mo D. Hippolyto Vincentino episcopo Reatino celebrata anno 1678 (in Latin). Interamnae (Teramo): typis Bernardini Arnazzini.
  27. ^ Bernardino Guinisio (1717). Synodus reatina ab jllmo: ac revmo domino Bernardino Guinisio episcopo reatino celebrata anno MDCCXVI (in Latin). Rieti: Apud Mancinum.
  28. ^ Synodus diocesana Reatina anni 1766. (in Latin) Rieti: 1767.
  29. ^ Kehr, p. 21. Gams, p. 720, column 1. Lanzoni, p. 356: "Ma questa missione di s. Prosdocimo in Rieti non ha alcun serio fondamento...."
  30. ^ Bishop Ursus attended the Roman synods of Pope Symmachus. J. D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus VIII (Florence: A. Zatta 1762), pp. 252, 263, and cf. p. 269: "Felix Nepsinus pro Urso". Kehr IV, p. 21. Lanzoni, p. 358.
  31. ^ Probus is mentioned by Pope Gregory I in his Dialogues, Book IV, chapter 12. Ughelli I, p. 1196. Gams, p. 720. Lanzoni, p. 358, no. 2.
  32. ^ Bishop Albinus of Reate is mentioned by Pope Gregory in his Dialogues, Book I, chapter 4 [Migne, Patrologiae Latinae LXXVII p. 169. Ughelli I, p. 1196.
  33. ^ Gaudiosus was present at the Lateran synod of Pope Martin I. J. D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus X (Florence: A. Zatta 1764), p. 866. Ughelli I, p. 1196.
  34. ^ Bishop Adrianus subscribed to the synodical letter of Pope Agatho, sent to the Council of Constantinople in 680. Ughelli Italia sacra I, p. 1196. J.D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima editio, editio novissima, Tomus XI (Florence: A. Zatta 1765), p. 310.
  35. ^ Teuto: Cappelletti V, pp. 299-300. Gams, p. 720, column 1.
  36. ^ He is also called Guribertus, Gumbertus, Guibertus, all apparently paleographical corruptions. Cappelletti V, pp. 300-301. Gams p. 720, column 1.
  37. ^ Isermundus: Ughelli I, p. 1196. Cappelletti V, pp. 301-302.
  38. ^ Agio is referred to as Agio electus, the predecessor of Bishop Sinualdus, who was engaged in a suit over land with the abbot and monks of Farfa. The date of the trial is December 777. Pier Luigi Galletti (1757). Gabio antica città di Sabina (in Italian and Latin). Roma: per Ottavio Puccinelli. pp. 92–95.
  39. ^ Sinualdus: Galletti, pp. 92-95. Cappelletti V, p. 302-304. Chronicon Farfense (ed. Balzani) Vol. 1, pp. 159-160.
  40. ^ Guicpertus (Wicpertus, Guibertus): Cappelletti V, p. 304-305.
  41. ^ Petrus: A document is dated April 779, Year 5 of Charlemagne as King of Italy, when Hildeprandus was Duke of Spoleto, and Rimonis was castaldus of Rieti. Cappelletti V, p. 305.
  42. ^ Cappelletti V, p. 305. The swift succession of bishops in the 770s is unusual, and some of the documents, derived from the monastery of Farfa, may be forgeries: Gams, p. 720, suggests that this Guipertus may be the same as the Guipertus of 778, in which case Bishop Petrus needs an explanation.
  43. ^ Cappelletti V, p. 306. Gams, p. 720. Desanctis, p. 72.
  44. ^ Cappelletti V, p. 306. Desanctis, p. 72.
  45. ^ Kehr IV, p. 22, no. 1: "Reatinam eccl. per tot annorum spatia pastoralibus curis destitutam...." Pope Leo IV asked the emperors Lotharius and Ludovicus to allow Deacon Colo to assume the episcopacy; otherwise, would they please place the Church of Rieti in the hands of the bishop of Ascolano Piceno.
  46. ^ Colo had been a deacon of the Church of Rieti. Kehr IV, p. 22, nos. 1, 2 (a letter of Pope Leo IV to Countess Ita). Bishop Colo attended the Roman synod of Leo IV on 8 December 853. J.D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima editio, editio novissima, Tomus XIV (Venice: A. Zatta 1769), p. 1020. Ughelli I, p. 1197. Cappelletti V, pp. 306-307. Desanctis, p. 72.
  47. ^ Joannes is known only from the Chronicle of Farfa. Cappelletti V, p. 307.
  48. ^ Theudardus is known only from a document in the Farfa collection, in which he consents to a sale of land to the monastery. Cappelletti V, p. 307. Chronicon Farfense (ed. Balzani) Vol. 1, p. 226, line 26. Desanctis, p. 73.
  49. ^ Richardus: Ughelli I, p. 1197. Cappelletti V, p. 307. Desanctis, p. 73, labels the document referred to by Ughelli (and Cappelletti) as a forgery.
  50. ^ Thebaldus (Tebroldo): Ughelli I, p. 1197. Cappelletti V, p. 307.
  51. ^ Anastasius: Ughelli I, p. 1197.
  52. ^ Bishop Albericus attended the Roman synod of Pope John XIII in 969. Desanctis, pp. 73-74. Schwartz, p. 290.
  53. ^ Heldebaldus: Ughelli I, p. 1197. Schwartz, p. 290.
  54. ^ Joannes: Ughelli I, p. 1197. Desanctis, pp. 43, 74. Schwartz, p. 290.
  55. ^ Obertus: Desanctis, p. 74. Schwartz, p. 290.
  56. ^ Jucundus: Schwartz, p. 290.
  57. ^ Gerardus: Schwartz, p. 290.
  58. ^ Rainerius: Schwartz, p. 290.
  59. ^ Benincasa: Ughelli I, p. 1197. Schwartz, p. 290.
  60. ^ Teuzo: Ughelli I, p. 1198. Cappelletti V, p. 308.
  61. ^ Colo: Ughelli I, p. 1198.
  62. ^ Joannes: Desanctis, p. 75.
  63. ^ Gentile: Ughelli I, p. 1198.
  64. ^ On 24 August 1153, Pope Anastasius IV confirmed the bishop in the possession of all of the Church of Rieti's privileges and property. Bishop Dodo was present at the Third Lateran Council, presided over by Pope Alexander III in March 1179. J.D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima editio, editio novissima, Tomus XXII (Venice: A. Zatta 1778), p. 213. Cappoelletti V, pp. 309-317. Desanctis, pp. 75-80. Kehr IV, p. 23, no. 7.
  65. ^ Ughelli I, p. 1201. Cappelletti V, p. 317. Gams, p. 720, column 2.
  66. ^ On 4 July 1182, Pope Lucius III confirmed the possessions of the Church of Rieti, and granted the Canons the right to elect the bishop. Kehr IV, pp. 23-24, no. 10. Desanctis, p. 80.
  67. ^ Adenolfo was a native of Rieti and a Canon of the cathedral Chapter. Desanctis, p. 80.
  68. ^ Rainaldus, O.S.B: Gams, p. 720, column 2. Desanctis, p. 81. Eubel I, p. 415.
  69. ^ Odo is rejected by Desanctis, p. 81. He does appear in Eubel's list, p. 415.
  70. ^ Bishop Rainerius is mentioned in a letter of Pope Honorius III. Desanctis, p. 81.
  71. ^ Desanctis, p. 81. Eubel I, p. 415.
  72. ^ On 9 March 1250, Bishop Rainaldus issued a set of constitutions for the Canons of the cathedral. Bishop Rainaldus requested permission from Pope Innocent IV (1243–1254) to resign. Desanctis, p. 81. Eubel I, p. 415.
  73. ^ Tommaso had already been elected on 5 December 1250. He was provided, however, by Pope Innocent IV on 2 February 1252. Desanctis, pp. 81-82. Eubel I, p. 416.
  74. ^ Gotifredus had been Bishop of Tivoli. He was the last bishop elected by the Canons of the cathedral Chapter, and was provided by Pope Clement IV on 23 August 1265. On 21 October 1265, Bishop Gotifredus invested a Canon, under papal order. Gabriel Naudaeus (Naude) (1640). Instauratio tabularii majoris templi Reatini facta (in Latin). Roma: L. Grignanus. p. 43. Desanctis, p. 82. Eubel I, p. 416, 484.
  75. ^ On the death of Bishop Gotifredus, a double election took place. One party stood by Jacopo Saraceno, the other elected Fra Benvenuto. The matter was taken to Pope Gregory X, who died before a decision could be made. In 1276, there were three papal elections, and four popes, and in 1277 another long conclave that did not bring Nicholas III (Orsini) to the papal throne until 25 November 1277. The elections of 1275 were cancelled by Pope Nicholas, and he appointed Pietro Guerra to be bishop. Desanctis, p. 82. Cappelletti V, p. 324.
  76. ^ A native of Ferentino and a Canon in its cathedral, Petrus was appointed Bishop of Rieti on 2 August 1278 by Pope Nicholas III. He had earlier been Bishop of Sora (1267–1278). On 20 August 1286, Guerra was transferred to the archdiocese of Monreale. Cappelletti V, pp. 324-325. Eubel I, pp. 348, 416, 458.
  77. ^ Like his predecessor, Andrea had been Bishop of Sora. He was transferred to Rieti by Pope Honorius IV on 27 July 1286. Desanctis, pp. 82-83. Eubel I, pp. 416, 458.
  78. ^ Berardus (or Bernardus) was a native of Lucca. He had been Bishop of Ancona. He was transferred to Rieti on 4 February 1296. He died in 1299. Desanctis, p. 83. Eubel I, p. 416.
  79. ^ Giacomo Pagani was named Bishop of Rieti by Pope Boniface VIII on 26 August 1299. He was also appointed Rector of the Romagna in spiritual affairs, and served as deputy of Carlo Guercio. He came to Cesena on 23 October 1301, where he stayed continuously until the arrival of his successor, Bishop Raynaldus of Vicenza on 11 April 1302. Giacomo was removed from office by the Pope, "propter mala opera commissa in provincia", and spent his remaining years at the papal Court. Ludovico Antonio Muratori, Rerum Italicarum Scriptores Tomus XIV (Milan 1729), p. 1122. Eubel I, p. 416.
  80. ^ A native of Rieti and a master of theology, Fr. Angelo served as Inquisitor of the Roman Province of the Franciscans. He was commissioned by Boniface VIII to arrange a peace between Orso Orsini and the Romans, on the one hand, and Pietro de Vico and the men of Rieti on the other. He was then appointed Bishop of Nepi on 1 June 1298, by Pope Boniface VIII, sent as papal nuncio to Germany. He was transferred from Nepi to Rieti on 8 June 1302. He died in July; his successor was appointed on 3 August 1302. Desanctis, p. 83-84. Eubel I, pp. 363, 416.
  81. ^ Giovanni Muto de' Papazuri was a Canon of the Vatican Basilica. He had been Bishop of Olenus in the Peloponnesus from 23 December 1297. He had been Bishop of Imola from 6 February 1300, provided directly by Pope Boniface VIII after an election was quashed. He was appointed Bishop of Rieti on 3 August 1302. According to Desanctis, he retired in 1326, and returned to his native Rome, where he died in 1336; but Desanctis sees two Bishop John, separated by a Raimundus from 1326 to 1328. The second John lived until 1339. Raimundus, however, seems to be a figment of Ughelli, created by a misdated document; he is not recognized by Eubel. Ughelli I, p. 1207. Cappelletti V, p. 329. Desanctis, p. 84. Eubel I, pp. 284, 375, 416.
  82. ^ Bishop Tommaso had been a Canon of the cathedral Chapter of Rieti. He was appointed on 7 December 1339, by Pope Benedict XII. He died in 1342. Desanctis, p. 85. Eubel I, p. 416.
  83. ^ Raimundus had been Vicar of Rome. Eubel I, p. 416 with note 6.
  84. ^ Fra Biagio had earlier been Bishop of Vicenza. He was transferred to Rieti by Pope Clement VI on 24 October 1347. According to Cappelletti and Desanctis, he was forced to resign due to senility in 1376. He died on 20 April 1378. Cappelletti V, p. 330. Desanctis, p. 85. Eubel I, p. 416.
  85. ^ A native of Bologna, Mezzavacca had been an Auditor of the Rota, and then Bishop of Ostuno (1374–1378). He was appointed Bishop of Rieti by Urban VI in 1378, and was appointed a cardinal by him on 18 September 1378. He resigned the diocese in 1380. He was appointed ambassador to Charles III of Naples, but, on 15 October 1383, he was deprived of his cardinalate, allegedly because he was conspiring against Urban; he was restored by Boniface IX on 18 December 1389. He died on 29 July 1396. Desanctis, p. 85. Eubel I, pp. 23, no. 13; 416.
  86. ^ Alfani was a member of a prominent family of Rieti. During a visit to Città Ducale, which was part of his diocese, Alfani was attacked by a group of conspirators, who had suffered at the hands of the bishop as he was trying to reduce his diocese to order during the Western Schism. He was murdered on 9 February 1397. In retaliation, Pope Boniface IX laid Città Ducale under ecclesiastical censure, and Alfani's brother Rinaldo attacked the persons responsible, sacking and burning their homes. Desanctis, p. 86. Eubel I, p. 416.
  87. ^ Teodenari was a patrician and Canon of Rieti. He was named Bishop of Aquila by Urban VI, and then transferred to Rieti by Boniface IX by 4 September 1379. He died in 1436. Desanctis, p. 86. Eubel I, p. 416; II, p. 221.
  88. ^ Joannes: Desanctis, p. 86.
  89. ^ Foschi, a cleric of the Apostolic Camera (Treasury), had previously been Archbishop of Siponto (Manfredonia) from 1436–1438. He was transferred to Rieti by Pope Eugenius IV on 10 March 1438. He died in 1450, before 25 September. Cappelletti V, p. 332. Desanctis, p. 86. Eubel, Hierarchia catholica II, p. 96, 221.
  90. ^ Angelo Pantagati da Capranica was a Roman and the brother of Cardinal Domenico Capranica. He had been Bishop of Siponto (1438–1447), and then Bishop of Ascoli Piceno (1447–1450). He was appointed Bishop of Rieti by Pope Nicholas V on 25 September 1450. In 1458, he was appointed governor of Bologna (to 1468). On 5 March 1460, Pope Pius II named him a cardinal. In December 1468 he resigned the diocese of Rieti. He was promoted Suburbicarian Bishop of Palestrina on 11 December 1472. He died on 3 July 1478. Desanctis, p. 87. Eubel II, pp. 96, 221.
  91. ^ Born in 1457 in Rome, Giovanni Colonna was the grandson of Lorenzo Onofrio Colonna, Count of Alba and Grand Chamberlain of the Kingdom of Naples, and son of Antonio Colonna, Prefect of Rome in 1456. His elder brother, Pietro, was Prefect of Rome in 1471. Giovanni held the office of Protonotary Apostolic. He was named a cardinal deacon on 15 May 1480, and Administrator of the diocese of Rieti on 10 November 1480, but he was never consecrated a bishop. He became Abbot Commendatory of Subiaco in 1482. He died on 26 September 1508. Ughelli I, p. 1212. Cappelletti, pp. 334-335. Eubel II, p. 19, no. 28; III, pp. 169, 283.
  92. ^ Born in 1479, Pompeo Colonna was the son of Cardinal Giovanni's youngest (illegitimate) brother. He was named Bishop of Rieti and Abbot Commendatory of Subiaco on 6 October 1508. He resigned the position on 20 March 1514. He was named a cardinal by Pope Leo X on 1 July 1517, but was deposed by Pope Clement VII on 21 January 1526; he was reinstated on 3 December 1527. He was reappointed Bishop of Rieti in 1528, and resigned again on 27 August 1529. He was Viceroy of the Kingdom of Naples from 1530 to 1532. He died in Rome on 28 June 1532. Ughelli I, pp. 1212-1213. Cappelletti V, p. 336. Eubel III, pp. 15-16, no. 18, with notes 1–3; 283.
  93. ^ Scipione Colonna was the nephew of Cardinal Pompeo Colonna, his predecessor. He was appointed Bishop of Reate on 14 March 1520, at the age of 21, and was therefore only Administrator of the diocese for seven years. He died on 29 June 1528 at Magliano degli Marsi. Cappelletti V, pp. 336-337. Eubel III, p. 283 with note 4.
  94. ^ Born in Rieti in 1492, Aligeri was the secretary of Cardinal Pompeo Colonna. He was named Bishop of Rieti on 27 August 1529, at the same time as the resignation of Cardinal Pompeo. He died on 6 October 1555, at the age of 63. Ughelli I, p. 1213-1214. Cappelletti V, pp. 337-338 Eubel III, p. 283.
  95. ^ Osio was a native of Rome, and held the degree of Doctor in utroque iure. He was named Bishop of Rieti on 23 October 1555. Osio died at Spoleto on 12 November 1562, as he was returning from the Council of Trent. Desanctis attributes his death to fatigue of travel and the harsh air (l'area crudo) of Trent. This is odd, since the sessions from 18 January 1562 to 4 December 1563 were held at Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome. Cappelletti V, p. 338. Desanctis, p. 89. Eubel III, p. 283 with note 6.
  96. ^ Amulio was ambassador to the Pope from Venice when he was named a cardinal by Pope Pius IV on 26 February 1561. He was appointed Bishop of Rieti on 23 November 1562, though he was not a resident bishop. He participated in the Council of Trent in 1562 and 1563. He was Librarian (Bibliothecarius) of the Holy Roman Church from 1565 to 1572. He died in Rome on 17 March 1572. Desanctis, pp. 89-90. Eubel III, pp. 38, no. 11; 283.
  97. ^ On 30 August 1574, Binarini was transferred to the diocese of Bishop of Camerino.
  98. ^ On 9 April 1584, Barzellini was transferred to the diocese of Foligno.
  99. ^ Gauchat, p. 293.
  100. ^ Pasquali: Cappelletti V, pp. 339-340.
  101. ^ A native of Rome, Crescenzi held the degree of Doctor in utroque iure (Perugia), and was a protonotary apostolic. He served as governor of Orvieto (1601). He was appointed a Referendary of the Tribunal of the Two Signatures, and was Auditor of the Apostolic Chamber (judge in the Treasury). He was named a cardinal by Pope Paul V on 17 August 1611. He was named to the diocese of Rieti on 4 July 1612. On 17 March 1621, Crescenzi was transferred to the diocese of Orvieto by Pope Gregory XV. He died on 19 February 1645, at the age of eighty-four. Ughelli I, pp. 1214-1215. Cappelletti V, p. 340. Gauchat, pp. 12, no. 25; 293 with note 4; 353.
  102. ^ A native of Reggio Emilia, Toschi was the nephew of Cardinal Domenico Toschi (1599–1620). Giovanni Battista had previously been Bishop of Narni (1601-1605), Bishop of Tivoli (1606-1621). He was named Bishop of Rieti by Pope Gregory XV on 29 March 1621. He died shortly before 13 December 1633 (the date of his interment, according to his tomb inscription). Ughelli I, p. 215. Cappelletti V, pp. 340-341. Gauchat, pp. 252, 293, 337.
  103. ^ Gabrielli: Ritzler & Sefrin V, pp. 329 with note 2.
  104. ^ Vicentini: Ritzler & Sefrin V, pp. 329 with note 3.
  105. ^ On 21 July 1710, Abbati was transferred to the diocese of Carpentras by Pope Clement XI. Ritzler & Sefrin V, pp. 329 with note 4.
  106. ^ On 20 December 1723, Guinigi was transferred to the diocese of Lucca) by Pope Clement XI. Ritzler & Sefrin V, pp. 330 with note 3.
  107. ^ Camarda: Ritzler & Sefrin V, pp. 329 with note 3.
  108. ^ Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica VI, p. 353 with note 2.
  109. ^ Clarelli: Ritzler-Sefrin VI, p. 354 with note 3.
  110. ^ De Vita: Ritzler-Sefrin VI, p. 354 with note 4.
  111. ^ On 20 September 1779, Ferretti was transferred to the diocese of Rimini. Ritzler-Sefrin VI, p. 354 with note 5.
  112. ^ Marini: Ritzler-Sefrin VI, p. 354 with note 6.
  113. ^ Giannini was a Canon of the cathedral Chapter. Cappelletti V, p. 346.
  114. ^ During the French occupation, only three Canons remained in Rieti, one of whom was the Canon Penitentiary, Carlo Fioravanti, who assumed the duties of Vicar. Fioravanti was appointed on 26 September 1814, by Pope Pius VII. He died on 13 July 1818. Cappelletti V, p. 346. Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica VII, p. 319.
  115. ^ Ferretti, Count of Castelferretti, was born in Ancona in 1795. Having studied in Parma, Siena, and Ancona, he obtained a doctorate in theology in Rome. He was a Canon of the Lateran Basilica in Rome. He was appointed Bishop of Rieti on 21 May 1827. On 29 July 1833, Ferretti was appointed Titular Archbishop of Seleucia in Isauria by Pope Gregory XVI and named papal Nuncio to the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. In 1837, he was appointed bishop of Montefiascone e Corneto, and allowed to retain his title of Archbishop. He was appointed a cardinal in 1838 by Gregory XVI. He died on 13 September 1860. Ritzler-Sefrin VII, pp. 195, 270, 319, 341; VIII, p. 45.
  116. ^ Cappelletti was a native of Rieti, born in 1764, and was a Canon of S. Maria Maggiore in Rome. He was deported during the French occupation from Rome and the Papal States in 1810, first to Piacenza and then to Sardinia. Pius VII named him Apostolic Delegate to Viterbo (1814), Macerata (1818), Pesaro, and Urbino (1823). Leo XII made him Vice Chamberlain of the Church, and Governor of Rome (1829–1832). He was named a cardinal (in secret) on 30 September 1831 by Pope Gregory XVI, and publicized as such on 2 July 1832. He was appointed Bishop of Rieti on 29 July 1833. He died on 15 May 1834, after nine months in office. Desanctis, p. 100. Ritzler-Sefrin VII, pp. 26, 319.
  117. ^ Curoli: Desanctis, pp. 100-101.
  118. ^ Carletti: Desanctis, pp. 102-103.
  119. ^ Mauri was born in Montefiascone in 1828, and given the baptismal name of Giovanni. He joined the Dominican Order, and rose to be Vicar General of the Dominican province of S. Marco in 1866. He was named Bishop of Rieti on 22 December 1871 by Pope Pius IX. On 1 June 1888, Mauri was appointed Bishop of Osimo e Cingoli by Pope Leo XIII. He was named Archbishop of Ferrara on 12 June 1893, and a cardinal on 18 May 1894 by Leo XIII. He died in Ferrara on 13 March 1896. Desanctis, pp. 103-104. Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica VIII, pp. 50. 134, 270, 477. Martin Bräuer (2014). Handbuch der Kardinäle: 1846-2012 (in German). Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 168–169. ISBN 978-3-11-026947-5.
  120. ^ Bertuzzi was born at Cento (near Bologna) in 1826. He was named Bishop of Rieti on 11 February 1889. On 18 March 1895, Bertuzzi was transferred to the diocese of Bishop of Foligno by Pope Leo XIII. He resigned in 1910, and was named titular Archbishop of Doclea (Dalmatia). He died on 4 January 1914. Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica VIII, pp. 278, 477; Pięta, Hierarchia catholica IX, p. 157.
  121. ^ On 24 March 1924, Sidoli was named Archbishop of Genoa by Pope Pius XI.
  122. ^ On 13 March 1951, Migliorini was transferred to the archdiocese of Lanciano e Ortona by Pope Pius XII.
  123. ^ On 17 December 1959, Baratta was appointed Archbishop of Perugia by Pope John XXIII.
  124. ^ On 21 June 1971, Cavanna was appointed Coadjutor Bishop of Asti by Pope Paul VI.
  125. ^ On 18 March 1980, Trabalzini was transferred to the archdiocese of Cosenza e Bisignano by Pope John Paul II.
  126. ^ On 16 March 1996, Molinari was appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of L'Aquila by Pope John Paul II.
  127. ^ CV of Bishop Emeritus Lucarelli: Chiesa di Rieti, "Il vescovo emerito Delio"; retrieved 30 April 2020. (in Italian)
  128. ^ CV of Bishop Pompili: Chiesa di Rieti, "Vescovo: Biografia: Il vescovo Domenico;" retrieved: 28 April 2020. (in Italian)

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