Royal Albert Dock
|Royal Albert Dock|
Royal Albert Dock, 1955
|Architect||Sir Alexander Rendel|
The dock, which was designed by Sir Alexander Rendel as an extension to the Victoria Dock, was constructed by Lucas and Aird and completed in 1880. Two dry docks and machine shops were established to the south at the western end for ship repairs by R & H Green & Silley Weir (later River Thames Shiprepairs Ltd). From the 1960s onwards, the Royal Albert Dock experienced a steady decline – as did all of London's other docks – as the shipping industry adopted containerisation, which effectively moved traffic downstream to Tilbury. It finally closed to commercial traffic along with the other Royal Docks in 1981.
Redevelopment in the late 20th century included the construction of London City Airport which was built on the south bank of the dock with a single runway and completed in 1987. At the eastern end of the north bank the University of East London Docklands Campus opened in 1999. Redevelopment also included the London Regatta Centre which was built at the western end of the north bank and opened in 2000. In the early 20th century 'Building 1000' was built on the north bank of the dock at a cost of £70 million and was completed in 2004.
In May 2013, Mayor of London Boris Johnson announced a development of the Royal Albert Dock which would be worth £6 billion to the capital’s economy and would create over 20,000 jobs. With CITIC Construction assigned as main contractor, and Multiplex assigned as principal sub-contractor, construction officially began on June 2017.
Phase 1 of the project was completed in the first quarter of 2018, consisting of 21 buildings with 460,000 sq ft of office space and 140,000 sq ft of retail and public realm. Phase 2 is expected to begin late 2020, which will consist of further office and retail spaces, along with residential units and membership clubs.
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