Royal C. Johnson
Royal C. Johnson
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from South Dakota's 2nd district
March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1933
|Preceded by||Charles H. Burke|
|Succeeded by||Theodore B. Werner|
|8th Attorney General of South Dakota|
|Governor||Robert S. Vessey|
Frank M. Byrne
|Preceded by||S. Wesley Clark|
|Succeeded by||Clarence C. Caldwell|
Royal Cleaves Johnson
October 3, 1882
|Died||August 2, 1939 (aged 56)|
|Alma mater||University of South Dakota School of Law|
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Unit||Company K, 313th Infantry, 79th Division|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
Royal Cleaves Johnson (October 3, 1882 – August 2, 1939) was a U.S. Representative from South Dakota and a highly decorated veteran of World War I while he was still a member of Congress. Despite voting against United States declaration of war on Germany, he took a leave of absence from Congress to enlist. He became a highly decorated veteran receiving the Distinguished Service Cross from the United States government. He also received the War Cross 1914–1918 from the French government.
Early life and education
Royal Cleaves Johnson was born in Cherokee, Iowa in 1882. He moved with his parents to Highmore, South Dakota in 1883, and attended the public schools. He graduated from the University of South Dakota School of Law in 1906, and was admitted to the bar that same year.
He started his practice in Highmore. He became the assistant state's attorney for Hyde County in 1906, and State's Attorney in 1908 and 1909. In 1910, he became the Attorney General of South Dakota. In 1913, he moved to Aberdeen, South Dakota and returned to private practice. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1915, serving through the end of the Seventy-Second Congress in 1932. He was the chairman for the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of War (1921–1925), and the Committee on World War Veteran's Legislation (1929–1932). He was not a candidate for reelection in 1932.
World War I
In 1918, even though he had on April 5, 1917, voted against declaring war on Germany, he absented himself from the Congress and enlisted in the United States Army to fight in World War I. He served in the 313th Infantry Regiment as a private, sergeant, second lieutenant, and first lieutenant. In Montfaucon, France, on the 26th and 27 September 1918, he was involved in a combat situation wherein he repeatedly exposed himself to enemy fire and was wounded by an exploding shell. Although severely wounded, he accompanied two of his fellow soldiers to the rear and refused space in an ambulance until his comrades were cared for. For this, he received the Distinguished Service Cross from the United States government. He also received the Croix de Guerre with gold star from the Republic of France.
The American Legion
After Johnson returned from the war, he resumed his seat in Congress. Johnson was the House sponsor of legislation to create a federal charter for The American Legion. The Senate co-sponsor was Sen. Josiah Wolcott of Delaware. The bill was filed on June 27, 1919, passed the House on August 27, passed the Senate on September 5 and was signed by President Wilson on September 16, 1919.
Upon retiring from the House, he continued to practice law in Washington, D.C., until his death there in 1939. He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery. In 1953 he was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Medal by The American Legion. 
The Veterans Administration hospital in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, The Royal C. Johnson Veterans Memorial Medical Center, is named in his honor.
Johnson's awards and decorations included the following:
|U.S. military decorations|
|Distinguished Service Cross|
|U.S. nonmilitary decorations|
|World War I Victory Medal (with two bronze service stars)|
|Foreign military decorations|
|War Cross 1914–1918 (France)|
- James, Marquis. 1923. A History of The American Legion. p. 71.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Royal C. Johnson.|
- "Royal C. Johnson". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
- United States Congress. "Royal C. Johnson (id: J000173)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
S. Wesley Clark
| Attorney General of South Dakota
Clarence C. Caldwell
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Charles H. Burke
| United States Representative (2nd District) for South Dakota
Theodore B. Werner