Russian passport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Russian passport
Russian ePassport.jpg
The front cover of a Russian biometric passport
TypePassport
Issued by Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs
First issued1997 (non-biometric, handwritten)
2000 (non-biometric, MRP)
2006 (biometric)
March 1, 2010 (biometric, current version)
PurposeIdentification, proof of citizenship
EligibilityRussian Federation citizenship
Expiration10 years (biometric), 5 years (non-biometric)
Cost5000 (~$75) for biometric passport, 2000₽ (~$30) for non-biometric
Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Russian Federation
Flag of Russia.svg Russia portal

The Russian passport (officially in Russian: Заграничный паспорт гражданина Российской Федерации – 'Transborder passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation') is a booklet issued by the Ministry of Internal Affairs to Russian citizens for international travel. This external Russian passport is distinct from the internal Russian passport, which is a mandatory identity document for travel and identification purposes within Russia. Russian citizens must use their Russian passports when leaving or entering Russia, unless traveling to/from a country where the Russian internal ID is recognised as a valid travel document.

After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Soviet Union passport continued to be issued until 1997 with a validity of 5 years, when the first modern Russian passport are known to be issued. The first version of passports issued in 1997 was handwritten. Passports issued from 2000 to 2010 were machine-readable passports, had a validity of 5 years and included 36 pages. In 2006, Russia issued the first machine-readable biometric passports and in 2010, the design of the biometric passports was modified to include 46 pages and have a validity of 10 years.[1]

Citizens under 18 traveling without either of their parents must have written consent of both parents allowing their departure from the country. When a child travels with one parent, consent of another parent is not required. Articles 20 and 21 of the Federal Law "On the entry in the Russian Federation and departure from the Russian Federation" govern only departure from Russia and have nothing to do with the requirements of other countries regarding entry to these countries.

In addition to regular passports there are two special-purpose types of passports for travelling abroad: diplomatic passports and service passports (issued to government employees abroad on official business).

History[edit]

Russian Empire[edit]

Foreigners arriving in Russia met various restrictions in the Tsarist period; border magistrates could allow foreigners to pass within the state only with the permission of the senior government. In troubled times, it began to produce and to travel within the country system "roadways" letters (Russian: проезжих) in order, mainly police. As a general rule letters carriageways were built by Peter I (decree of October 30, 1719), in connection with the entered his conscription and head tax. In 1724, to prevent the possibility to evade the payment of the poll tax, special rules about absences of peasants.

Under the legislation in force for the period of 1906 in Russia in the place of residence, as a general rule, the passport was not required. The capital and other cities which declared an emergency situation or enhanced protection were the exception. In addition, in areas that were subject to the rules on the supervision of industrial establishments, the workers of factories and plants were required to have a passport, and in the place of permanent residence. A passport was not needed when absent from the place of permanent residence: 1) within the district and outside it as recently as 50 vents and no more than 6 months, and 2) from the persons hired for rural work, – in addition, within the townships adjacent to the county of residence, even if more than 6 months.

Law of June 10, 1902 the regulations on residence permits June 3, 1894 extended to the provinces of the Kingdom of Poland, with some modifications. Formed in 1902, the Committee on the needs of the agricultural industry is recognized as desirable in the types of facilitating the movement of agricultural workers, the simplification of passport regulations. A special meeting of the needs of the agricultural industry has been entrusted to the Minister of Internal Affairs of the revision of statutes on residence permits, in the sense of saving for a passport solely value of an identity document. Elaborated on these grounds in 1905, a new draft statute was a passport to postpone consideration until the convocation of the State Duma.

Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic[edit]

Soviet external passport 1929

Immediately after the Russian Revolution the Russian Republic not followed the emigration; Many disagreed with the new regime left the country since 1917 to the end of the 1920s left the country about 8,000 people, including about 500 scientists (for comparison, in the period from 1989 to 2004, according to various estimates from 25,000-80,000 scientists left Russia[2]). In 1922, two flights so-called philosophical ship from Petrograd to Stettin and several ships from the territory of Ukraine and trains from Moscow on the personal instructions of Lenin were expelled 225 intellectuals (philosophers Berdyaev, Ilyin, Frank and Bulgakov). Of the emigrants only a small part returned, such as Marina Tsvetaeva and Alexei Tolstoy.

By the mid-1930s the Soviet government sealed the borders. Traveling to capitalist countries was only possible to employees of the Foreign Ministry, the nomenklatura and selected artists while most ordinary Soviet citizens had the opportunity to travel only in socialist countries with trade union tours.

The third and final wave of Soviet emigration coincided with the rupture of relations with Israel. June 10, 1968 the Central Committee received a joint letter to the leadership of the Foreign Ministry and the KGB signed by Andrey Gromyko and Yuri Andropov to the proposal to allow Soviet Jews to emigrate from the country. As a result, in the 1970s only about 4,000 people had left, many against their will, for example, such well-known dissidents as Brodsky, Aksenov, Aleshkovsky, Voinovich, Dovlatov, Gorenstein, Galich.

On May 20, 1991, a few months before the collapse of the USSR, the last Soviet law on the exit of citizens abroad was adopted, according to which citizens could leave at the request of the state, public and religious organisations and enterprises.

The Russian Federation[edit]

In 1993, exit visas were canceled and free issuing of passports was allowed. The right to freely leave the country was enshrined in a 1996 law.[3] Passports with the symbols of the Soviet Union were issued to citizens of the Russian Federation until the end of 1997, to be replaced by machine-readable Russian passports. The last Soviet passports issued had an expiration date at the end of 2002, about 10 years after the dissolution of the Soviet state. Since 2001, Russian passports have been issued with a design which includes the emblem of Russia, a double-headed eagle. Since 2010, the application for the registration of a passport can be submitted via the website www.gosuslugi.ru.

In 2006, biometric passports were introduced in Russia. Since 2009, in all regions of Russia there are points of issue of passport and visa documents of new generation (passports containing electronic media). The data of these items come in a single personalisation center. After 1 March 2010, biometric passport are valid for 10 years. The data on the chip Russian passports are protected by a technology access control BAC (basic access control), which allows producing read data only after entering the passport number, date of birth of the holder and the expiration date of the passport (usually by means of recognition of the machine readable zone of the passport), which excludes unauthorised access to data on the chip.

The holders of Russian Federation passports issued in Crimea and Sevastopol after their 2014 annexation, territory that is internationally recognized as a foreign-occupied part of Ukraine, do not have their passports recognized by the United States,[4] and are denied European Schengen-zone visas[5][6] (although Crimean residents who hold Ukrainian biometric passports can visit the EU visa-free).[6] Canada[7] and the United States[4] are also refusing to recognize passports that Russia started issuing in 2019 to Ukrainians in the non-government-controlled Donbass region of eastern Ukraine, and the European Union was considering their non-recognition.[8]

Description[edit]

Data page and signature page of a biometric international passport (2014)
Data page and signature page of a non-biometric international passport (2007)

Each passport has a data page and a signature page. A data page has a visual zone and a machine-readable zone. The visual zone has a digitized photograph of the passport holder, data about the passport, and data about the passport owner:

  • Photograph
  • Type of document ("P" for "passport")
  • Code of the issuing country (always 'RUS')
  • Passport number
  • Surname
  • Given name(s)
  • Nationality (always 'Russian Federation')[9]
  • Date of birth (DD.MM.YYYY format)
  • Place of birth
  • Sex
  • Date of issue
  • Date of expiration
  • Authority
  • A facsimile of the owner's signature, scanned from the application form

At the bottom of the data page is a machine-readable zone, which can be read both visually and by an optical scanner. The machine-readable zone consists of two lines. There are no blank spaces in either line. A space which does not contain a letter or a number is filled with "<".

The first line of the machine-readable zone contains a letter to denote the type of travel document ("P" for passport), the code for the citizenship of the passport holder ("RUS" for "Russian Federation"), and the name (surname first, then given names) of the passport holder.

The second line of the machine-readable zone contains the passport number (supplemented by a check digit), the code of the issuing country ("RUS" for "Russian Federation"), the date of birth of the passport holder (supplemented by a check digit), a notation of the sex/gender of the passport owner ("M" or "F"), the date of expiration of the passport (supplemented by a check digit), and, at the very end of the line, one or more overall check digits.

A signature page has a line for the signature of a passport holder. A passport is not valid unless it is signed by the passport owner (except for passport owners under age of 14).

Transliteration of Russian names[edit]

Due to the fact that Russian visas (and Russian internal passports since 2011) are intended for use in Russia only, there are certain other Latin letters as well as other alphanumerical symbols used to transliterate the letter with no direct analogue in Latin script into the machine-readable zone. As an example, the letter "ч" is usually transcribed as "ch" in Russian travel documents, however, Russian visas and internal passports use "3" in the machine-readable zone instead. Another example is "Alexei" (travel passport) => "Алексей" (Cyrillic version) => "ALEKSEQ" (machine-readable version in an internal document)

Types of passports[edit]

Cover of the Russian Diplomatic e-Passport
Cover of the Russian Service e-Passport
Regular (red cover)
Issuable to all citizens of the Russian Federation. Period of validity is 10 years from the date of issue.
Diplomatic (green cover)
Issuable to Russian diplomats accredited overseas and their eligible dependents, and to citizens who reside in the Russian Federation and travel abroad for diplomatic work. Passport issued for the period of work, but no more than 10 years.
Service (blue cover)
Issuable to Russian federal and regional civil servants assigned overseas, their eligible dependents, to members of the Russian parliament who travel abroad on official business and to judges of the Supreme and Constitutional Courts. Also issued to military personnel when deployed overseas. Period of validity: length of service, but not to exceed 10 years.
Certificate for return
Issuable to Russian citizens and nationals overseas, in urgent circumstances. This document is valid only for return to the Russian Federation.

Visa-free travel[edit]

Countries and territories with visa-free or visa-on-arrival entries for holders of regular Russian passports
  Russia
  Visa free with Internal passport
  Visa not required
  Visa on arrival
  Electronic authorisation or online payment required / eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements for Russian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other countries placed on citizens of Russia. As of 26 March 2019, Russian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 118 countries and territories, ranking the Russian passport 47th in terms of travel freedom (tied with Palau Islands) according to the Henley visa restrictions index.[10]

Foreign travel statistics[edit]

According to the national statistics these are the numbers of Russian visitors arriving to various countries per annum:[11]

Foreign travel statistics
Destination Number of visitors from Russia Year
 Abkhazia 4,357,937 2017
 Afghanistan 1,463 2017
 American Samoa[12] 6 2016
 Angola[13] 7,305 2015
 Antarctica[14] 330 2017
 Antigua and Barbuda[15] 372 2017
 Argentina[16] 8,138 2015
 Armenia 410,302 2017
 Aruba[17] 968 2015
 Australia[18] 15,200 2017
 Austria[note 1][19] 272,300 2016
 Azerbaijan[20] 744,125 2016
 Bahamas[21] 1,498 2015
 Bahrain 12,712 2017
 Barbados[note 1][22] 909 2016
 Belgium[23] 60,386 2016
 Belarus[24] 1,230,000 2017
 Bermuda[note 2][25] 101 2015
 Bhutan[26] 243 2016
 Bolivia[27] 1,745 2016
 Bosnia and Herzegovina[28] 5,268 2017
 Botswana[29] 1,065 2015
 Brazil[30] 18,820 2017
 Bulgaria[31] 522,085 2018
 Cambodia[32] 53,164 2016
 Cameroon[note 1][33] 7,151 2014
 Canada[34] 24,401 2017
 Cayman Islands[note 2][35] 65 2017
 Chile[36] 6,003 2017
 China[37][38] 1,976,000 2016
 Colombia[39] 5,157 2015
 Congo[40] 4,023 2012
 Costa Rica[41] 4,657 2017
 Croatia[42] 119,689 2017
 Cuba[24] 75,000 2017
 Cyprus[43] 783,631 2018
 Czech Republic[note 1][44] 551,191 2017
 Denmark 41,002 2017
 Dominica[45] 44 2015
 Dominican Republic[46] 245,346 2017
 Ecuador[47] 7,313 2014
 Egypt[48] 2,338,900 2015
 Estonia 1,803,249[49] / 238,636[note 1][50] 2017
 Finland 3,629,121[49] / 373,701[note 1][51] 2018
 France[52] 620,028 2015
 French Polynesia[53] 287 2017
 Georgia[54] 1,404,757 2018
 Germany[55] 607,422 2016
 Greece[56] 512,789 2015
 Guam[note 2][57] 3,352 2017
 Guatemala[58] 2,576 2014
 Hong Kong[59] 148,098 2017
 Hungary[note 1][60] 138,941 2016
 Iceland[61] 14,282 2018
 India[62] 278,904 2017
 Indonesia[63] 88,520 2016
 Iran 24,336 2017
 Iraq 2,451 2017
 Israel[64] 330,500 2017
 Italy[65] 864,000 2016
 Jamaica[66] 1,018 2017
 Japan[67] 77,200 2017
 Jordan[68] 49,384 2016
 Kazakhstan[69] 1,708,873 2017
 Kyrgyzstan[70] 471,400 2017
 Laos[71] 10,986 2017
 Latvia 424,842[72] / 241,435[note 1][73] 2017
 Lebanon[74] 16,205 2016
 Lithuania 742,333[72] / 150,600[75] 2016
 Luxembourg[note 1][76] 6,659 2016
 Macao[77] 27,037 2017
 Macedonia[note 1][78] 4,213 2016
 Madagascar[79] 264 2015
 Malaysia[80] 67,564 2017
 Maldives[81] 61,931 2017
 Malta[82] 16,370 2016
 Malawi[83] 154 2009
 Mali[84] 444 2014
 Mauritius[81] 11,153 2017
 Mexico[note 2][85] 32,337 2015
 Moldova[86] 314,266 2017
 Monaco[24] 46,000 2016
 Mongolia[87] 106,935 2017
 Montenegro[note 1][88] 316,826 2016
 Morocco[24] 20,000 2017
 Myanmar[89] 5,487 2016
 Namibia[90] 2,943 2015
 Netherlands[91] 175,000 2017
 New Zealand[92] 6,640 2017
 Nicaragua[93] 1,464 2016
 Northern Mariana Islands[94] 2,130 2017
 North Korea 4,359 2017
 Norway 138,902 2017
 Oman[95] 4,858 2017
 Pakistan[96] 2,500 2009
 Palau[97] 337 2016
 Panama[98] 4,525 2015
 Papua New Guinea[99] 414 2016
 Peru[100] 8,648 2017
 Philippines[101] 33,279 2017
 Poland[102] 2,052,400 2016
 Portugal[103] 98,000 2015
 Qatar 87,595 2017
 Romania[104] 66,734 2016
 Saudi Arabia 7,745 2017
 Serbia[note 1][105] 49,765 2018
 Seychelles[106] 13,191 2017
 Singapore[107] 80,134 2017
 Slovakia[note 1][108] 35,919 2016
 Slovenia[note 1][109] 51,803 2017
 South Africa[110] 7,244 2015
 South Korea[111] 270,427 2017
 South Ossetia 451,918 2017
 Spain[112] 1,222,426 2018
 Sri Lanka[113] 59,191 2017
 Sudan 268 2017
 Suriname[114] 72 2017
 Sweden 63,689 2017
  Switzerland 251,142 2017
 Taiwan[115] 9,226 2017
 Tajikistan 116,000[24] 2017
 Tanzania[116] 7,435 2016
 Thailand[117] 1,346,219 2017
 Tunisia[24] 520,000 2017
 Turkey[118] 5,964,631 2018
 Turkmenistan 27,490 2017
 Ukraine[119] 1,464,764 2017
 United Arab Emirates[120] 530,000 2017
 United Kingdom[121] 199,000 2017
 United States[note 3][122] 344,368 2017
 Uruguay[123] 3,114 2015
 Uzbekistan 137,001 2017
 Venezuela[124] 9,035 2013
 Vietnam[125] 574,164 2017
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Counting only guests in tourist accommodation establishments.
  2. ^ a b c d Data for arrivals by air only.
  3. ^ Total number includes tourists, business travelers, students, exchange visitors, temporary workers and families, diplomats and other representatives and all other classes of nonimmigrant admissions (I-94).

Issue time[edit]

According to the federal law and the orders from 2012 and 2014 for the old 5-year laminated and the new 10-year biometric passport, respectively, either document has to be issued within one to four months,[126] [127] [128] depending on circumstances, with the issue time being three months in case of an application being made to a consulate outside of Russia.

However, in practice, some consulates require an appointment to be made prior to the applicant being able to provide documents to apply for the passport, in some cases, appointments can only be available many months or even possibly years into the future, effectively undoing the upper limit for a timely issuance of the travel document.

Additionally, if passports are expired or lost, applications for the new passport are routinely declined to be accepted when abroad, prior to the verification of citizenship,[citation needed] for which the consuls require a separate application to be made,[citation needed] either in person or notarised by a notary public, with the processing times for verification itself often exceeding many months. Such practice of causing the extra costs for the applicant, however, seems to be in violation of point 23 of orders 10303 from 2012-06-28 and 3744 from 2014-03-19, which guarantee that no extra services are required in order to apply for a passport.[129]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Russian passport history (PDF)
  2. ^ "Министерство образования обеспокоено "утечкой мозгов" из России". comparative.edu.ru. Retrieved 8 April 2018.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Ограниченные родиной. // The New Times, 11.10.2010
  4. ^ a b "UAWire - Volker: US will not recognize Russian passports issued in Crimea and Donbas". www.uawire.org. 2019-05-29. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  5. ^ "EU to refuse Schengen visa to Crimeans who received passport after annexation of the peninsula". 112.international. 2019-07-23. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  6. ^ a b "The EU non-recognition policy for Crimea and Sevastopol: Fact Sheet". EEAS - European External Action Service - European Commission. 2017-12-12. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  7. ^ Blanchfield, Mike (2019-07-03). "Canada seeks international support to ban Russian-issued passports in Ukraine | CTV News". www.ctvnews.ca. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  8. ^ "EU not to grant visas to Donbas residents with Russian passport". 112.international. 2019-08-15. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  9. ^ Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (June 2005). "Between Minority Rights and Civil Liberties: Russia's Discourse Over "Nationality" Registration and the Internal Passport" (PDF). Nationalities Papers. 33: 211–228. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-09. Retrieved 2018-01-27.
  10. ^ "Global Ranking - Visa Restriction Index 2019" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  11. ^ "Выезд граждан России". Fedstat.ru. 2018-02-13. Retrieved 2018-03-12.
  12. ^ "Statistical Yearbook - Department of Commerce".
  13. ^ Anuário de Estatística do Turismo
  14. ^ "Tourism Statistics - IAATO". iaato.org. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  15. ^ "Tourism Statistics for Antigua and Barbuda". antiguahotels.org. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  16. ^ The data obtained on request. Ministerio de turismo
  17. ^ The data obtained on request. Central Bureau of Statistics Aruba
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ "Österreich Werbung" (PDF). Österreich Werbung. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 February 2017. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  20. ^ "Number of foreign citizens arrived to Azerbaijan by countries".
  21. ^ "Stopovers by Country" (PDF). tourismtoday.com. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  22. ^ [2]
  23. ^ "Tourisme selon pays de provenance 2016". Archived from the original on 2017-08-20.
  24. ^ a b c d e f "Итоги Внутреннего и Выездного Туризма в 2017 году — ТурСтат". turstat.com. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  25. ^ The data obtained on request. Bermuda Tourism Authority
  26. ^ The data obtained on request. Tourism Council of Bhutan
  27. ^ "INE - Instituto Nacional de Estadística - Turismo". ine.gob.bo. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  28. ^ TOURISM STATISTICS Cumulative data, January – December 2017
  29. ^ "Statistics Botswana". Statistics Botswana. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  30. ^ http://dadosefatos.turismo.gov.br/2016-02-04-11-53-05/item/download/784_28e96970a52eb457d54bb9c5f454029a.html
  31. ^ [3]
  32. ^ "Official Tourism Site - Ministry of Tourism Cambodia - Kingdom of Wonder". www.tourismcambodia.org.
  33. ^ Tourism Statistics Edition 2015, table 17
  34. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "CANSIM by Subject". www5.statcan.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 2018-05-29. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  35. ^ CIDOT. "Welcome to the Cayman Islands Department of Tourism (CIDOT) Destination Statistics Website". www.caymanislands.ky. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  36. ^ "Estadísticas". subturismo.gob.cl. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  37. ^ "China Inbound Tourism Statistics in 2015". www.travelchinaguide.com. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  38. ^ "Tourists in China by country of origin 2016 - Statistic". Statista.
  39. ^ The data obtained on request. Ministerio de Comercio, Industria y Turismo de Colombia
  40. ^ [4]
  41. ^ "Informes Estadísticos - Instituto Costarricense de Turismo - ICT". www.ict.go.cr. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  42. ^ TOURIST ARRIVALS AND NIGHTS IN 2017
  43. ^ ARRIVALS OF TOURISTS BY COUNTRY OF USUAL RESIDENCE
  44. ^ "Tourism - 4th quarter of 2017 - CZSO". www.czso.cz. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  45. ^ "2015 Visitors Statistics Report" (PDF). tourism.gov.dm. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  46. ^ "BCRD - Estadísticas Económicas". www.bancentral.gov.do. Archived from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  47. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-04-16. Retrieved 2016-04-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  48. ^ "Federal State Statistics Service. 2015, page 127" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-07-28. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
  49. ^ a b According to the official Russian statistics. Number of border crossings.
  50. ^ "ACCOMMODATED TOURISTS BY COUNTY AND COUNTRY OF RESIDENCE (MONTHS)". pub.stat.ee. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  51. ^ [5]
  52. ^ [6]
  53. ^ "Données détaillées". www.ispf.pf. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  54. ^ International Travel (Residence) (2018)
  55. ^ Tourismus in Zahlen 2016, Statistisches Bundesamt
  56. ^ "Hellenic Statistical Authority. Non-residents arrivals from abroad 2015". statistics.gr. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  57. ^ "Visitor Arrival Statistics - Research - Research and Reports". www.guamvisitorsbureau.com. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  58. ^ [7]
  59. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-01-31. Retrieved 2018-01-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  60. ^ "TOURISM IN HUNGARY 2016". itthon.hu. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  61. ^ "Passengers through Keflavik airport by citizenship and month 2002-2018". PX-Web.
  62. ^ [8]
  63. ^ "Badan Pusat Statistik". bps.go.id.
  64. ^ TOURIST ARRIVALS TO ISRAEL (EXC. DAY VISITORS & CRUISE PASSENGERS) BY NATIONALITY, Ministry of Tourism
  65. ^ "IAGGIATORI STRANIERI NUMERO DI VIAGGIATORI". Archived from the original on 2017-10-14. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
  66. ^ Monthly Statistical Report December 2017 Vol xxvii No 12
  67. ^ "2017 Foreign Visitors & Japanese Departures" (PDF). jnto.go.jp. Japan National Tourism Organization. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  68. ^ "Tourist Overnight and Same Day Visitors By Nationality during". mota.gov.jo. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  69. ^ Туризм Казахстана. 2.4 Количество посетителей по въездному туризму
  70. ^ "Туризм в Кыргызстане - Архив публикаций - Статистика Кыргызстана". www.stat.kg.
  71. ^ "Statistical Reports on Tourism in Laos".
  72. ^ a b According to the official Russian statistics. Number of border crossings in 2017.
  73. ^ "TUG02. Visitors staying in hotels and other accommodation establishments by country of residence-PX-Web". csb.gov.lv. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  74. ^ "Arrivals according to nationality during year 2016". cas.gov.lb. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  75. ^ "Number of guests and overnights in Lithuanian accommodation establishments. '000. All markets. 2015-2016". tourism.lt. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  76. ^ "Arrivals by touristic region and country of residence (All types of accommodation) 2011 - 2016". www.statistiques.public.lu.
  77. ^ "DSEC - Statistics Database". www.dsec.gov.mo. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  78. ^ [9]
  79. ^ "Publications - Statistiques". tourisme.gov.mg. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  80. ^ "TOURIST ARRIVALS TO MALAYSIA BY COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY DECEMBER 2017" (PDF). tourism.gov.my. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-05. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  81. ^ a b "December 2017 - Ministry of Tourism". www.tourism.gov.mv. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  82. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-02-05. Retrieved 2017-02-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  83. ^ "National Statistical Office of Malawi" (PDF). www.nsomalawi.mw. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  84. ^ ANNUAIRE 2014
  85. ^ Carrodeguas, Norfi. "Sitio de publicación - SIOM_Nacionalidad_mapa". www.datatur.sectur.gob.mx. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  86. ^ Statistică, Biroul Naţional de (12 February 2018). "// Comunicate de presă". www.statistica.md. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  87. ^ [10]
  88. ^ [11]
  89. ^ "Myanmar Tourism Statistics - Ministry of Hotels and Tourism, Myanmar". tourism.gov.mm. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  90. ^ Media, Intouch. "Research Center - Namibia Tourism Board". www.namibiatourism.com.na. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  91. ^ Toerisme in perspectief 2018
  92. ^ "International travel and migration: December 2017". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  93. ^ "Estadísticas de Turismo".
  94. ^ "Central Statistics Division (CSD) - CNMI Department of Commerce".
  95. ^ [12]
  96. ^ "Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2012 - Pakistan Bureau of Statistics". www.pbs.gov.pk.
  97. ^ [13]
  98. ^ [14]
  99. ^ [15]
  100. ^ "datosTurismo". datosturismo.mincetur.gob.pe.
  101. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-02-10. Retrieved 2018-03-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  102. ^ "in 2016 - tables TABL. III/6. NON-RESIDENTS VISITING POLAND IN 2016 AND THEIR EXPENDITURE" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-10-14. Retrieved 2017-07-04.
  103. ^ "Португалия прогнозирует увеличение потока туристов из России". ria.ru. 27 July 2016. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  104. ^ [16]
  105. ^ "Office of the Republic of Serbia, data for 2018" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-04-04.
  106. ^ [17]
  107. ^ "Visitor Arrivals". www.stb.gov.sg. Archived from the original on 22 January 2017. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  108. ^ [18]
  109. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-02-01. Retrieved 2018-09-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  110. ^ page 43
  111. ^ "Korea, Monthly Statistics of Tourism - key facts on tourism - Tourism Statistics". kto.visitkorea.or.kr. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  112. ^ Número de turistas según país de residencia
  113. ^ "TOURIST ARRIVALS BY COUNTRY OF RESIDENCE 2016" (PDF). sltda.lk. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  114. ^ "Suriname Tourism Statistics" (PDF). www.surinametourism.sr. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
  115. ^ "國別月份來臺". stat.taiwan.net.tw. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  116. ^ "The 2016 International Visitors' Exit Survey Report. International Tourist Arrivals. p. 73-77" (PDF). nbs.go.tz/. NBS Tanzania. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  117. ^ "สถิติด้านการท่องเที่ยว ปี 2560 (Tourism Statistics 2017)". Ministry of Tourism & Sports. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  118. ^ "DISTRIBUTION OF ARRIVING FOREIGN VISITORS (2016-2018) JANUARY-DECEMBER".
  119. ^ "Foreign citizens who visited Ukraine in 2017 year, by countries".
  120. ^ Statistics for the Emirate of Dubai
    Dubai Statistics, Visitor by Nationality
  121. ^ "Annual estimates on visits and spending in the UK by overseas residents, by purpose and region of visit". Office of National Statistics.
  122. ^ "Table 28. Nonimmigrant Admissions (I-94 Only) By Selected Category Of Admission And Region And Country Of Citizenship: Fiscal Year 2017". dhs.gov. 16 May 2017. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  123. ^ The data obtained on request. The Ministry of tourism of Uruguay, the Department of statistics. Archived 2016-06-20 at the Wayback Machine
  124. ^ "ESTADÍSTICAS BÁSICAS DE LA ACTIVIDAD TURÍSTICA" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-10-09. Retrieved 2016-05-28.
  125. ^ TITC. "International visitors to Viet Nam in December and 12 months of 2017". Tổng cục Du lịch Việt Nam. Retrieved 8 April 2018.[permanent dead link]
  126. ^ "О порядке выезда из Российской Федерации и въезда в Российскую Федерацию". Federal Migration Service (Russia). Retrieved 2015-04-13. Срок оформления паспорта дипломатическим представительством или консульским учреждением Российской Федерации не должен превышать три месяца со дня подачи заявления о выдаче паспорта, за исключением случаев подачи заявления о выдаче паспорта в форме электронного документа с использованием информационно-телекоммуникационных сетей общего пользования, в том числе сети Интернет, включая единый портал государственных и муниципальных услуг.
  127. ^ "ПРИКАЗ от 19 марта 2014 г. N 3744". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Russia). Retrieved 2015-04-11. 15. Срок оформления паспорта либо уведомления об отказе со дня подачи заявления не должен превышать: - один месяц - в случае подачи заявления по месту жительства; - четыре месяца - в случае подачи заявления по месту пребывания; - три месяца - в случае подачи заявления в загранучреждение; - три месяца - в случае подачи заявления заявителем, имеющим (имевшим) допуск к сведениям особой важности или совершенно секретным сведениям, отнесенным к государственной тайне в соответствии с Законом Российской Федерации от 21 июля 1993 г. N 5485-1 "О государственной тайне" <1> (далее - Закон Российской Федерации о государственной тайне).
  128. ^ "ПРИКАЗ от 28 июня 2012 г. N 10303". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Russia). Retrieved 2015-04-11. 15. В соответствии требованиями статьи 10 Федерального закона паспорт выдается сроком на 5 лет. Срок оформления паспорта либо уведомления об отказе со дня подачи заявления не должен превышать: - один месяц - в случае подачи заявления по месту жительства; - четыре месяца - в случае подачи заявления по месту пребывания; - три месяца - в случае подачи заявления в загранучреждение; - три месяца - в случае подачи заявления заявителем, имеющим (имевшим) допуск к сведениям особой важности…
  129. ^ Constantine A. M. [@Mcnst] (2015-04-12). "point 23 of order 3744 from 2014-03-19 seems to guarantee that service of citizenship verif cannot be pre-required www.mid.ru/bdomp/legislation.nsf/749680bd9e97b5ebc3257939004fc5f5/d60cda87f5aa1cd544257d2e0034cc40!OpenDocument" (Tweet) – via Twitter.

External links[edit]