A Russian SPG-9M
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
Salvadoran Civil War
Lord's Resistance Army insurgency
Lebanese Civil War
Second Sudanese Civil War
Third Sudanese Civil War
Libyan Civil Wars
Northern Mali conflict
Syrian Civil War
War in Donbass
Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)
Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)
Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen
|Mass||47.5 kg (105 lb)|
59.5 kg (131 lb)
with the tripod
|Length||2.11 m (6 ft 11 in)|
|Width||99 cm (3 ft 3 in)|
allowing for full weapon traverse
|Height||80 cm (2 ft 7 in)|
|Crew||2 (1 gunner, 1 loader)|
|Caliber||73 mm (2.87 in) smoothbore|
|Rate of fire||5–6 rounds per minute|
|Muzzle velocity||250 to 435 m/s|
(800 to 1,427 ft/s)
|Effective firing range||800 m (875 yds)|
|Maximum firing range||1,200 m to 6,500 m|
(1,300 to 7,100 yd)
|Feed system||Manually breech-loaded|
|Sights||PGO-9 optical 4× sight or PGN-9 IR and passive night sight|
The SPG-9 Kopyo (Spear) is a tripod-mounted man-portable, 73 millimetre calibre recoilless gun developed by the Soviet Union. It fires fin-stabilised, rocket-assisted HE and HEAT projectiles similar to those fired by the 73 mm 2A28 Grom low pressure gun of the BMP-1 armored vehicle. It was accepted into service in 1962, replacing the B-10 recoilless rifle.
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The projectile is launched from the gun by a small charge, which gives it an initial velocity of between 250 and 400 metres per second. The launch charge also imparts spin to the projectile by a series of offset holes. Once the projectile has traveled approximately 20 meters (65.6 feet) from the launcher, a rocket motor in its base ignites. For the PG-9 projectile, this takes it to a velocity of 700 metres per second (2,297 feet per second) before the motor burns out.
The SPG-9 is heavy (~60kg), and is normally transported by vehicle, and carried into position by its two crew. It can be deployed in around a minute. The weapon is in service with a large number of armed forces, and a variety of ammunition is produced; however, they are mostly copies of the original Soviet PG-9 HEAT and OG-9 FRAG-HE rounds.
The SPG-9 is widely available to terrorists and maritime pirates such as in the Horn of Africa region, as well as in other regions to a lesser degree. It is not as popular as the RPG-7 because it has to be mounted on a vehicle or boat and cannot be easily carried and shoulder fired. The SPG-9 requires much more skill to fire accurately than the RPG-7. There have been reports of these mounted in skiffs and larger "mother ships". The SPG-9 can typically be found mounted on a wide variety of vehicles known as "technicals" in Somalia.
A variant for use with airborne troops including detachable wheels was built as the SPG-9D.
|HEAT-FS||4.39 kg||VP-9||920 mm||0.322 kg
|435 m/s||800 m||1,300 m||300 mm||—|
|PG-9N||HEAT-FS||VP-9||920 mm||0.340 kg
|435 m/s||800 m||1,300 m||400 mm||—|
|PG-9VS||HEAT-FS||4.4 kg||?||920 mm||?||1,300 m||?||400 mm||-|
|HEAT-FS||3.2 kg||?||920 mm||?||400 m/s||700 m||1,200 m||550 mm or
400 mm behind ERA
|FRAG-HE||5.35 kg||GO-2 or
|1062 mm||0.735 kg
|316 m/s||—||—||n/a||Cast iron casing|
|FRAG-HE||5.35 kg||GO-2 or
|1062 mm||0.655 kg
|FRAG-HE||5.35 kg||GO-2 or
|1062 mm||?||316 m/s||—||4,500 m||n/a||—|
|FRAG-HE||6.9 kg||O-4M||1030 mm||0.750 kg||316 m/s||—||7,500 m||n/a||Bulgarian made|
|FRAG-HE||5.48 kg||O-4M||1024 mm||0.750 kg||250 m/s||—||4,200 m||n/a||Bulgarian made|
- Bulgaria: manufactured locally as Arsenal ATGL
- Central African Republic
- Egypt: manufactured locally
- Grenada (People's Revolutionary Army of Grenada): 8 units
- Iran: AMIG SPG-9
- Nepal
- Pakistan: licensed copy
- Romania: RomArm AG-9
- Soviet Union (former user)
- South Sudan
- Ukraine, also used by separatist forces
- North Korea
- Islamic State
- Lord Resistance Army
- Kurdistan Workers' Party
- Lebanese Forces
- Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
- People's Liberation Army (Lebanon) (PLA)
- Sudan People's Liberation Movement-in-Opposition
- Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North
- Free Syrian Army
- Zgharta Liberation Army (ZLA)
- Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN)
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