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Columbia's payload bay, with the LAGEOS II satellite (top) being deployed
|Mission type||Microgravity research|
|Mission duration||9 days, 20 hours, 56 minutes, 13 seconds|
|Distance travelled||6,645,026 kilometers (4,129,028 mi)|
|Spacecraft||Space Shuttle Columbia|
|Landing mass||97,201 kilograms (214,292 lb)|
|Payload mass||8,078 kilograms (17,809 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||22 October 1992, 17:09:39UTC|
|Launch site||Kennedy LC-39B|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||1 November 1992, 14:05:52UTC|
|Landing site||Kennedy SLF Runway 33|
|Perigee altitude||304 kilometres (189 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||307 kilometres (191 mi)|
Left to right - Back: Baker, Wetherbee, Maclean; Front: Veach, Jernigan, Shepherd
|Commander||James D. Wetherbee|
|Pilot||Michael A. Baker|
|Mission Specialist 1||Charles L. Veach|
Second and last spaceflight
|Mission Specialist 2||William M. Shepherd|
|Mission Specialist 3||Tamara E. Jernigan|
|Payload Specialist 1||Steven G. MacLean, CSA|
|Payload Specialist 1||Bjarni Tryggvason, CSA|
Primary mission objectives were deployment of the Laser Geodynamics Satellite II (LAGEOS-II) and operation of the U.S. Microgravity Payload-1 (USMP-1). LAGEOS-II, a joint effort between NASA and the Italian Space Agency (ASI), was deployed on day 2 and boosted into an initial elliptical orbit by ASI's Italian Research Interim Stage (IRIS). The spacecraft's apogee kick motor later circularized LAGEOS orbit at its operational altitude of 3,666 miles. The USMP-1, activated on day one, included three experiments mounted on two connected Mission Peculiar Equipment Support Structures (MPESS) mounted in the orbiter's cargo bay. USMP-1 experiments were: Lambda Point Experiment; Matériel Pour L'Etude Des Phénomènes Intéressant La Solidification Sur Et En Orbite (MEPHISTO), sponsored by the French agency Centre National d'Études Spatiales; and Space Acceleration Measurement System (SAMS).
Secondary payloads: (1) Canadian experiment, CANEX-2, located in both the orbiter's cargo bay and middeck and which consisted of Space Vision System (SVS); Materials Exposure in Low-Earth Orbit (MELEO); Queen's University Experiment in Liquid-Metal Diffusion (QUELD); Phase Partitioning in Liquids (PARLIQ); Sun Photospectrometre Earth Atmosphere Measurement-2 (SPEAM-2); Orbiter Glow-2 (OGLOW-2); and Space Adaptation Tests and Observations (SATO). A small, specially marked satellite, the Canadian Target Assembly, was deployed on day nine, to support SVS experiments. (2) ASP, featuring three independent sensors mounted on a Hitchhiker plate in the cargo bay - Modular Star Sensor (MOSS), Yaw Earth Sensor (YES) and Low Altitude Conical Earth Sensor (LACES), all provided by the European Space Agency.
Other middeck payloads: Commercial Materials Dispersion Apparatus Instrument Technology Associates Experiments; Commercial Protein Crystal Growth experiment; Chemical Vapor Transport Experiment; Heat Pipe Performance Experiment; Physiological Systems Experiment (involving 12 rodents); and Shuttle Plume Impingement Experiment. The orbiter also was used as a reference point for calibrating an Ultraviolet Plume Instrument on an orbiting Strategic Defense Initiative Organization satellite.
The Tank Pressure Control Experiment/Thermal Phenomena (TPCE/TP) was contained in a Getaway Special (GAS) canister in the orbiter's cargo bay.
NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, and first used music to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15. A special musical track is chosen for each day in space, often by the astronauts' families, to have a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or in reference to the day's planned activities.
|Day 2||Wake Up Columbia||Crow Carroll|
|Day 3||Shake, Rattle and Roll||Big Joe Turner||Deployment of LAGEOS-II|
|Day 5||The World is Waiting for the Sunrise||Les Paul and Mary Ford|
|Day 6||Birthday||The Beatles||Mike Baker's 39th Birthday|
|Day 7||"Hawaiian music"|
|Day 8||Mack the Knife||Bobby Darin|
|Day 9||Bang the Drum||Todd Rundgren|
|Day 10||Monster Mash||Bobby "Boris" Picket||It was Halloween|
|Day 11||Notre Dame Victory March||JSC employees & Notre Dame grads||James Wetherbee|
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