Sahwa movement

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sahwa Movement (Awakening movement) or Al–Sahwa Al-Islamiyya (Islamic Awakening) is a politically active faction of Saudi Salafism. In Saudi Arabia, the Sahwa Movement has been involved in peaceful political reform. Safar Al-Hawali and Salman al-Ouda are representatives of this trend.[1] Because of being active on social media they have earned some support amongst the more educated youth.[2][3]

This group opposed the presence of US troops on the Arabian peninsula.


Muslim Brotherhood members arrived in Saudi Arabia in the 1950s and 60s seeking refuge from persecution of Egyptian Socialist regime. They always had disputes with Wahhabism. Wahhabism and the Brotherhood influenced each other and this cross-pollination resulted in the birth of a hybrid movement of religious-political dissent known as the Sahwa movement. It reached a peak in the 1990s before being repressed by the Saudi establishment.[4]


Sahwa members write public petitions and circulate sermons on audio cassettes. Sahwa leaders demand a bigger role for clergy in governing, curbs on the royal family’s privileges, greater transparency for public funds, and a more Islamically conservative society as a defense against Western cultural influences.[4]


They oppose the presence of US troops on the Muslim land. In 1991, al-Hawali delivered a sermon stating: "What is happening in the Gulf is part of a larger Western design to dominate the whole Arab and Muslim world."[5] The opponent groups, such as Madkhalis derogatorily label this group as Qutbis.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Heurman, Rinse. "SALAFISM AND THE POLITICAL." (2020).
  2. ^ Qadhi, Yasir. "On Salafism" (PDF). Muslim Matters: 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 February 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  3. ^ Lacroix, Stéphane (20 March 2014). "Saudi Arabia's Muslim Brotherhood predicament". Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  4. ^ a b Murphy, Caryle (9 June 2011). "Saudi Islamists consider democracy,confront royal dogma". Public Radio International. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  5. ^ Bergen, Peter L. (14 November 2001). Holy War, Inc.:Inside the Secret World of Osama bin Laden. Simon and Schuster. p. 78. ISBN 9780743234672.