Samuel G. Arnold

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Samuel G. Arnold
United States Senator
from Rhode Island
In office
December 1, 1862 – March 3, 1863
Preceded byJames F. Simmons
Succeeded byWilliam Sprague
Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island
In office
May 1852 – May 1853
May 1861 – December 1862
GovernorPhilip Allen
William Sprague IV
Preceded byWilliam B. Lawrence
J. Russell Bullock
Succeeded byFrancis M. Dimond
Seth Padelford
Personal details
Samuel Greene Arnold, Jr.

(1821-04-12)April 12, 1821
Providence, Rhode Island
DiedFebruary 14, 1880(1880-02-14) (aged 58)
Providence, Rhode Island
Resting placeSwan Point Cemetery, Providence, Rhode Island
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Louisa Gindrat Arnold (1828–1905)
Alma materBrown University
Harvard University (Law)
ProfessionLaw, History

Samuel Greene Arnold, Jr. (April 12, 1821 – February 14, 1880) was a United States Senator from Rhode Island born in Providence. He received his early education under private tutors, then graduated from Brown University in 1841 and the law department of Harvard University in 1845, gaining admission to the bar that year. He was a lawyer and historian and was a trustee of Brown University from 1848-80.


Arnold was elected Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island in 1852 and served as acting governor. In 1859, he was elected an Associate Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences,[1] where he wrote the History of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations in 1859. He was a member of the peace commission held at Washington, D.C. in 1861 in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war.[citation needed]

In March 1861, Arnold was again elected lieutenant governor after being nominated by the Constitutional Union and Democratic Conventions.[2] He was again elected lieutenant governor in 1862.

Shortly after the outbreak of the Civil War, Arnold was appointed as a military aide, with rank of colonel, to Governor William Sprague and raised the 1st Rhode Island Battery of light artillery, which went to Washington D.C. and was mustered into the Union Army for three months.[3]

He was elected as a Republican to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James F. Simmons, and served from December 1, 1862, to March 3, 1863.[3] After his time in the Senate, he returned to historical research and was president of the Rhode Island Historical Society from 1868 to 1880.[3] He died in Providence on February 13, 1880;[3] interment was in Swan Point Cemetery.[3]

Samuel Greene Arnold was the author of the two-volume History of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations published in 1859-60.[3][4]


He married his cousin Louisa Gindrat Arnold (1828–1905), the daughter of his father's uncle Richard J. Arnold (1796–1873). He wrote, "I have brought up my cousin for years to make her my wife, for I am so fastidious & particular on that matter that I knew I never should find a lady to suit me in all respects unless I educated her for the purpose. This is an original idea to be sure." [5]

Samuel Arnold's grandnephew Theodore Francis Green was also a U.S. Senator from Rhode Island.[citation needed]


  1. ^ "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
  2. ^ "Rhode Island Politics", New York Times, p. 4, March 7, 1861
  3. ^ a b c d e f Who Was Who in American History - the Military. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1975. p. 16. ISBN 0837932017.
  4. ^ Arnold, Samuel Greene. History of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. New York: D. Appleton, 1859. OCLC 541726
  5. ^ Arnold, Samuel G. (March 16, 1847), On Louisa Arnold, Paris, France

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
William B. Lawrence
Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island
Succeeded by
Francis M. Dimond
Preceded by
J. Russell Bullock
Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island
Succeeded by
Seth Padelford
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
James F. Simmons
U.S. senator (Class 1) from Rhode Island
December 1, 1862 – March 3, 1863
Served alongside: Henry B. Anthony
Succeeded by
William Sprague IV